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Research on Environmental Sustainability of Semi-Arid Coastal Areas Centers for Research Excellence in Science and Technology National Science Foundation.

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Presentation on theme: "Research on Environmental Sustainability of Semi-Arid Coastal Areas Centers for Research Excellence in Science and Technology National Science Foundation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Research on Environmental Sustainability of Semi-Arid Coastal Areas Centers for Research Excellence in Science and Technology National Science Foundation 1

2 CREST-RESSACA serve as a center of national excellence of research on environmental sustainability, and address the significant under-representation of Hispanics at the MS and PhD levels in Environmental Engineering. Vision 2

3 History of CREST-RESSACA CREST-RESSACA was conceived in Fall of 2001 CREST-RESSACA I was approved by NSF and initiated in September 2002 –Funded at $ 1 Million/Year + $0.3 Million/Year (match) Reverse Site Visit in March 2005 CREST-RESSACA II was approved by NSF and initiated in September 2007 –New proposal and review –Funded at $ 1 Million/Year (No NSF Match requirements) CREST RESSACA will continue to function under the Institute of Sustainable Energy and Environment (ISEE) 3

4 Current CREST-RESSACA TEAM 4 8 Faculty + 4 Staff + 27 Students

5 CREST-RESSACA Research Overview 5 Our Faculty study a wide range of issues pertinent to environmental sustainability of land, air and water systems at a variety of scales Nano-materials (10 -9 ) Global Climate Change (10 7 m) Research Interests & Breadth of the 9 Faculty Spans 16 orders-of-magnitude

6 6 Faculty and Specializations Lee Clapp Environmental Biotechnology Kim Jones Ecological Engineering Alvaro Martinez Air Quality and Emissions Control David Ramirez Atmospheric Pollution and Nanoscience Jennifer Ren Water Quality and Monitoring Venkatesh Uddameri Environmental Modeling and Water Resources Hongbo Su Remote Sensing Technology and Hydrologic Evaluations Kuo-Jen Liao Air Pollution Modeling and Climate Change

7 Example Instrumentation Flume FE-SEMGC-MS Thermo Electron Series II ICP-MS High Performance Computing Cluster

8 CREST-RESSACA Research Organization CREST-RESSACA research is divided into three sub-projects –Environmental Monitoring & Assessment (EMA) Use monitoring to understand fundamental behavior of pollutants in air and water systems –Environmental Modeling and Informatics (EMI) Develop decision support systems using state-of-the-art mathematical tools and techniques for fostering sustainable natural resource management –Sustainable Technologies for the Environment (STE) Develop innovative products stressing reuse and processing of natural and recycled materials while reducing pollution in a variety of applications. 8

9 CREST Robotics Research Experience for Teachers Undergraduate Research Experience Graduate Research Activities YESTexas GEMS ESF May-mester NSF STEP

10 Books and Special Issue Journals: Uddameri, V.; Ren, J., Ramirez, D. (2012) Environmental Sustainability in South Texas; Springer Verlag Norwine, J. and John, K. eds. (2007) South Texas Climate 2100: Problems and Prospects, Impacts and Implications, BookMasters, Inc., Columbus, Ohio. ISBN V. Uddameri; guest editor (2007) Systems Analysis for Sustainable Aquifer Management in Semi-Arid South Texas; Special Issue - Environmental Geology, Vol. 51 (1) Disclosures of Invention R. Rivas, K. Jones and P. Mills (2009); Process for Citrus waste Pretreatment & Conversion to Bioethanol and Value Added Products 10

11 What Does CREST-RESSACA Bring to CESAR RCN A broad range of research activities and expertise related to climate change and its impact on environmental sustainability –Sustainable groundwater management –Air quality studies focused on shale gas development –Sustainable use of alternative and renewable energy 11

12 Caesar Kleberg Wildlife Research Institute Texas A&M University-Kingsville Caesar Kleberg Wildlife Research Institute Texas A&M University-Kingsville

13 ResearchResearch One of the most prestigious research institutes in North America InformationInformation Scientific and popular publications EducationEducation Top graduate program in collaboration with TAMUK CKWRI Mission To produce scientifically sound, unbiased information

14 CKWRI Mission Focuses on South Texas & Northern Mexico CKWRI Mission Focuses on South Texas & Northern Mexico

15 A Region of Key Importance for Wildlife Game speciesGame species Threatened & endangered species unique to South TexasThreatened & endangered species unique to South Texas Primary funnel for migratory birdsPrimary funnel for migratory birds

16 Game Species

17 Sensitive Species

18 Song Birds

19 Wetland Birds

20 Birds of Prey

21 Diseases & Contaminants

22 Ecological Impacts of Exploration on Wildlife Habitat by Carter P. Smith, Executive Director Texas Parks & Wildlife Department Fred C. Bryant, Director Caesar Kleberg Wildlife Research Institute Texas A&M University-Kingsville Presenter: Mohamed Abdelrahman Texas A&M University-Kingsville

23 The Value of Habitats Worst HabitatConcrete, pavement Bermuda Grass Other Exotic Plants King Ranch Bluestem Wilman Lovegrass Buffelgrass Fragmented Native Habitat Best HabitatUnfragmented Native Habitat Examples

24 Oil and Gas Development Impact Direct Impacts –Roads –Pads –Flow-lines –Pipelines –Pits

25 Oil and Gas Development Impact Indirect Impacts –Habitat fragmentation –Loss of topsoil –Altered wildlife movements –Spread of invasive plants

26 The Impact The Cascading Effects… Overabundance of Exotics Reduced Number of Flowering Plants and Native Grasses Lower Native Plant Diversity Reduced Number of Insect Numbers and Species

27 The Impact More Cascading Effects… Reduced Populations of Species that Require Insects as Food 50% Decline in Bobwhite Quail Populations (affects landowner income and rural economics) May last forever without restoration

28 A Proposed CKWRI evaluation Baseline site –Habitat/ecological assessment –Periodic ecological review –Mitigation strategies on impacts implemented –Review of location and habitats

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