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Chapter 13 Worksheets Section 1-4.

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1 Chapter 13 Worksheets Section 1-4

2 13.1 After You Read: Streams and Rivers
What is a drainage basin, or watershed? What separates two drainage systems from each other? A drainage basin, or watershed, is all of the land that drains into a certain river and its tributaries. A divide separates two drainage basins. Oxygen acting on iron Burrowing animals



5 13.1 After You Read: Streams and Rivers
Gradient How much energy river has to erode materials Discharge Size and shape of channel

6 13.2 Stream Erosion and Deposition
What is the difference between a stream’s competence and its capacity? The competence is the maximum size of the particles a stream can carry, while capacity is a measure of the total amount of sediment it can carry.

7 13.2 After You Read: Stream Erosion and Deposition
In suspension In bed load In solution In bed load In suspension In bed load In solution In suspension

8 13.3 River Valleys Gully Canyon V-shaped valley Base Level

9 13.3 River Valleys After You Read
Explain how Niagra Falls illustrates the process of recession by undermining. Niagra Falls’ falling water erodes the shale rock around its plunge pool, leaving the overhanging layer of dolomite rock unsupported. ES1305 – Waterfall Erosion

10 13.3 River Valleys After You Read
How can headward erosion lead to stream piracy? When land is worn away at the head of a stream and the stream eventually breaks through a divide, the first stream can capture the headwaters of a second river.

11 Headward Erosion

12 13.4 Floodplains and Floods
List the advantages and disadvantages, or limitations, of three methods of flood control; replanting where vegetation has been removed, building dams, and building artificial levees. Can reduce runoff Cannot prevent floods If dam breaks, resulting flood is worse than without dam Reservoirs can store excess runoff Deeper depth of river produces greater velocity and greater erosive force Allows deeper river to hold more water

13 13.4 Floodplains and Floods
List three human activities that can cause or worsen floods and tell how they cause problems. Covering land with pavement makes land unable to absorb water; removing vegetation from slopes increases runoff; and development displaces the wetlands that would otherwise act as natural sponges.

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