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Steady lights  Red –stop and remain stopped as long as the signal is red  Yellow - a steady yellow light or arrow indicates that the light is about to.

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Presentation on theme: "Steady lights  Red –stop and remain stopped as long as the signal is red  Yellow - a steady yellow light or arrow indicates that the light is about to."— Presentation transcript:

1 Steady lights  Red –stop and remain stopped as long as the signal is red  Yellow - a steady yellow light or arrow indicates that the light is about to change  Clear the intersection  Green – go IF the way is clear Steady lights  Red –stop and remain stopped as long as the signal is red  Yellow - a steady yellow light or arrow indicates that the light is about to change  Clear the intersection  Green – go IF the way is clear Traffic Signals 1

2 Flashing Lights Traffic Signals 2 Flashing Red STOP before entering the intersection Flashing Yellow - Caution dangerous intersection Flashing Red STOP before entering the intersection Flashing Yellow - Caution dangerous intersection

3 Arrows You may proceed in the direction of the green arrow You may NOT proceed in the direction of the red arrow Traffic Signals 3

4 Testing Your Knowledge When this traffic light is RED a.STOP and remain stopped until the light changes b.Slow down and proceed with caution c.Yield to traffic in the intersection When this traffic light is RED a.STOP and remain stopped until the light changes b.Slow down and proceed with caution c.Yield to traffic in the intersection 4

5 a. STOP and remain stopped until the light changes When the traffic light is RED, you must stop and remain stopped until the light turns GREEN. You may turn right on red after stopping unless there is a sign prohibiting it. You may turn left on red after stopping if you are on a one-way street and moving to another one-way street unless there is a sign prohibiting it. When the traffic light is RED, you must stop and remain stopped until the light turns GREEN. You may turn right on red after stopping unless there is a sign prohibiting it. You may turn left on red after stopping if you are on a one-way street and moving to another one-way street unless there is a sign prohibiting it. 5 Correct! Testing Your Knowledge

6 At some intersections you may turn right while the traffic light is red  BEFORE turning STOP  Check for traffic and pedestrians You may NOT turn right on red if one of these signs is present At some intersections you may turn right while the traffic light is red  BEFORE turning STOP  Check for traffic and pedestrians You may NOT turn right on red if one of these signs is present Right Turn on Red Traffic Signs 6

7 Left Turn on Red Left turn on red is permitted from one one-way street to another one-way street You must: Stop and Yield to other traffic and pedestrians You may NOT turn left on red if there is a sign prohibiting it Left turn on red is permitted from one one-way street to another one-way street You must: Stop and Yield to other traffic and pedestrians You may NOT turn left on red if there is a sign prohibiting it Traffic Signs 7

8 You are allowed to turn right or left at a red light after stopping at all intersections a. True b. False You are allowed to turn right or left at a red light after stopping at all intersections a. True b. False Testing Your Knowledge 8

9 Right turn on red can be made at an intersection that does NOT have a prohibitive sign or a red arrow. Left turn on red can only be made from one one-way street to another one-way street. Right turn on red can be made at an intersection that does NOT have a prohibitive sign or a red arrow. Left turn on red can only be made from one one-way street to another one-way street. b. false 9 Correct! Testing Your Knowledge

10 Red — prohibitive or stop Blue — motorist services Green — guide information, such as direction or guidance signs Yellow — general warning Red — prohibitive or stop Blue — motorist services Green — guide information, such as direction or guidance signs Yellow — general warning Traffic Signs Signs - Colors have Meaning Traffic Signs Signs - Colors have Meaning 10

11 Orange — construction and maintenance work White — regulatory signs Brown —recreational and cultural interest Fluorescent Optic Yellow Fluorescent Optic Yellow —school zones, school crossings and pedestrian crossings Orange — construction and maintenance work White — regulatory signs Brown —recreational and cultural interest Fluorescent Optic Yellow Fluorescent Optic Yellow —school zones, school crossings and pedestrian crossings Traffic Signs 11 Signs - Colors have Meaning

12 Testing Your Knowledge Red on a sign indicates: a.caution b.prohibitive c.construction zone Red on a sign indicates: a.caution b.prohibitive c.construction zone 12

13 RED – means stop or prohibited Examples:  Stop  No Right Turn  Do Not Enter RED – means stop or prohibited Examples:  Stop  No Right Turn  Do Not Enter b. Prohibitive 13 Correct! Testing Your Knowledge

14 A sign with a White background a. warning sign b. traffic law c. guide sign A sign with a White background a. warning sign b. traffic law c. guide sign Testing Your Knowledge 14

15 b. Traffic law Signs with a white background are regulatory and state traffic laws 15 Correct! Testing Your Knowledge

16 Orange on a sign indicates: a. Construction/road work b. Regulatory (the law) c. Services Orange on a sign indicates: a. Construction/road work b. Regulatory (the law) c. Services Testing Your Knowledge 16

17 a. Construction/road work The color orange lets the driver know there is construction ahead or you are entering a work zone 17 Correct! Testing Your Knowledge

18 A Yellow sign indicates a. construction b. services c. general warning A Yellow sign indicates a. construction b. services c. general warning Testing Your Knowledge 18

19 Merge Pedestrian Crossing Yellow signs are general warning signs. Drivers should proceed with caution Yellow signs are general warning signs. Drivers should proceed with caution c. General warning 19 Correct! Testing Your Knowledge

20 Octagon —Stop signs Triangle —Yield signs Diamond Diamond — Warning Pentagon — School and School Crossings Pennant Pennant — Advance warning of No Passing Zones Octagon —Stop signs Triangle —Yield signs Diamond Diamond — Warning Pentagon — School and School Crossings Pennant Pennant — Advance warning of No Passing Zones Traffic Signs Signs - shapes Having Meaning Traffic Signs Signs - shapes Having Meaning 20

21 Rectangle Rectangle — Regulatory or Guide Vertical indicates Regulatory Horizontal indicates directions or information Round - advance warning of Railroad Crossing Crossbuck – Railroad Crossing (same as a yield sign) Round - advance warning of Railroad Crossing Crossbuck – Railroad Crossing (same as a yield sign) 21 Traffic Signs Signs - shapes Having Meaning Traffic Signs Signs - shapes Having Meaning

22 Because this sign is diamond shaped, we know it means a. school zone b. the law (regulatory) c. caution Because this sign is diamond shaped, we know it means a. school zone b. the law (regulatory) c. caution Testing Your Knowledge 22

23 A diamond shaped sign does indicate a general warning! Deer Crossing c. caution 23 Correct! Testing Your Knowledge

24 A round sign indicates a. warning b. yield c. rail road crossing ahead A round sign indicates a. warning b. yield c. rail road crossing ahead Testing Your Knowledge 24

25 A round sign is an advanced warning of a RR crossing The crossbuck should be treated as a yield sign at a RR crossing A round sign is an advanced warning of a RR crossing The crossbuck should be treated as a yield sign at a RR crossing c. rail road crossing ahead 25 Correct! Testing Your Knowledge

26 Traffic Signs Warning Signs Give advance warning of hazards to allow drivers time to safely minimize risks Yellow General Warning Orange Construction/ Work Zone 26

27 Note the difference between these signs! A school crossing sign is 5 sided (pentagon) A pedestrian crossing sign is a diamond shaped sign Winding road Slippery when wet – slow down when road surface is wet Traffic Signs 27

28 Guide Signs GUIDE drivers to their destination by identifying routes well in advance Green Traffic Signs 28

29 Traffic Signs Information Signs Services - Blue Recreation/Historical Landmarks- Brown INFORM drivers of motorist services and recreational facilities 29

30 Traffic Signs Regulatory Signs REGULATE the speed and movement/direction of traffic Red – Stop or Prohibitive White - Regulations 30

31 The orange cone indicates a. construction b. warning – intersection ahead c. services ahead The orange cone indicates a. construction b. warning – intersection ahead c. services ahead Testing Your Knowledge 31

32 a. construction The color orange indicates construction or work zone These cones are used to channel traffic thru the work zone The color orange indicates construction or work zone These cones are used to channel traffic thru the work zone 32 Correct! Testing Your Knowledge

33 This sign indicates a. no left turn b. left turn only c. sharp curve to the left This sign indicates a. no left turn b. left turn only c. sharp curve to the left Testing Your Knowledge 33

34 a. no left turn This is a NO LEFT TURN sign The shape (rectangle) and color (white) of this sign identify it as a regulatory sign. The RED slash indicates the action shown is prohibited. This is a NO LEFT TURN sign The shape (rectangle) and color (white) of this sign identify it as a regulatory sign. The RED slash indicates the action shown is prohibited. 34 Correct! Testing Your Knowledge

35 What does the sign mean? Review the Virginia Driver’s Manual What does the sign mean? Review the Virginia Driver’s Manual Divided highway begins Divided highway ends Slippery when wet Right curve- side road Right and left curves SHARP right and left curves Winding Road Low clearance Traffic Signs 35

36 No passing zone ahead Lane reserved for high occupancy vehicles Construction work zone ahead Slow moving vehicle travels 25 mph or less Crossbuck/gate down - Stop and remain stopped until the gate goes up What does the sign mean? Traffic Signs 36 LEFT LANE HOV-2 ONLY 6-8 AM MON-FRI

37 This sign indicates a. two-way traffic/ keep right b. divided highway begins c. divided highway ends This sign indicates a. two-way traffic/ keep right b. divided highway begins c. divided highway ends Testing Your Knowledge 37

38 This is a warning sign indicating two-way traffic The driver should keep right This is a warning sign indicating two-way traffic The driver should keep right a. two-way traffic 38 Correct! Testing Your Knowledge

39 If you see this sign, you know a. it is a warning sign b. only vehicles with at east two occupants are allowed in this lane between 6:30 am and 9:30 am If you see this sign, you know a. it is a warning sign b. only vehicles with at east two occupants are allowed in this lane between 6:30 am and 9:30 am Testing Your Knowledge 39 LEFT LANE HOV-2+ ONLY 6:30-9:30 AM MON-FRI

40 This sign is a regulatory sign that indicates it is against the law to be in that lane between 6:30 – 9:30 AM, Monday through Friday if there are not at least 2 occupants in your vehicles b. only vehicles with at east two occupants are allowed … 40 LEFT LANE HOV-2+ ONLY 6:30-9:30 AM MON-FRI Correct! Testing Your Knowledge

41 General Knowledge Test  Pavement Markings  Safe Driving  Speed Limits  Right of Way  Changing Lanes/Passing  Turning  Signals  Maintaining Space  Pavement Markings  Safe Driving  Speed Limits  Right of Way  Changing Lanes/Passing  Turning  Signals  Maintaining Space  Sharing the Road  Parking  Use of Lights  Dangerous Driving Behaviors  Aggressive Driving  Distracted  Alcohol/Drugs & Driving  Drowsy  Safety Belts, Air Bags & Child Safety Seats  Sharing the Road  Parking  Use of Lights  Dangerous Driving Behaviors  Aggressive Driving  Distracted  Alcohol/Drugs & Driving  Drowsy  Safety Belts, Air Bags & Child Safety Seats 80% needed to pass (20 out of 25 correct) Virginia Driver’s Manual -Sections 2, 3 & 4 80% needed to pass (20 out of 25 correct) Virginia Driver’s Manual -Sections 2, 3 & 4 Topics Virginia Learner’s Permit 41

42 Lesson 2 Understanding Pavement Markings Lesson 2 Understanding Pavement Markings 42

43 Yellow Line = Two-way Traffic White Line = One-way Traffic Solid Line = No Passing Broken Line = Pass With Caution Yellow Line = Two-way Traffic White Line = One-way Traffic Solid Line = No Passing Broken Line = Pass With Caution Pavement Markings Is this a one-way or two-way road? Would passing be allowed? Is this a one-way or two-way road? Would passing be allowed? 43

44 Traffic Flow Two way traffic no passing Two way traffic pass with caution Yellow Line Pavement Markings 44

45 Traffic Flow White Lines Stop line Left turn only - arrow No passing - solid line Stop line Left turn only - arrow No passing - solid line One-way traffic Broken - pass with caution One-way traffic Broken - pass with caution Pavement Markings 45

46 ONE WAY – pass with caution TWO WAY – no passing over solid lines Pavement Markings 46 Multi-Lane

47 Triangles painted on the pavement show that you must yield Pavement Markings 47

48 Pavement Markings This lane may continue straight or turn left Arrows Indicate the Flow of Traffic This lane must turn left 48

49 Shared Left Turn Lane  Traffic from both directions uses this lane to turn left  Do not travel more than 150 feet in this lane Shared Left Turn Lane  Traffic from both directions uses this lane to turn left  Do not travel more than 150 feet in this lane Pavement Markings 49

50 Pavement Markings Diamond Shaped Pavement Marking  HOV  Bus Lanes  Bicycle Lanes Diamond Shaped Pavement Marking  HOV  Bus Lanes  Bicycle Lanes 50

51 When approaching this pavement marking a. stop b. yield c. proceed with caution When approaching this pavement marking a. stop b. yield c. proceed with caution Testing Your Knowledge 51

52 Triangles painted on the pavement mark an area in which you must yield b. yield 52 Correct! Testing Your Knowledge

53 If you are driving in this lane, you must a.turn left b.turn right If you are driving in this lane, you must a.turn left b.turn right Testing Your Knowledge 53

54 This is a shared left turn lane – Vehicles in this lane must turn left This is a shared left turn lane – Vehicles in this lane must turn left a. turn left 54 Correct! Testing Your Knowledge

55 This roadway is a. one way – no passing b. one way – passing allowed c. two way – passing allowed This roadway is a. one way – no passing b. one way – passing allowed c. two way – passing allowed Testing Your Knowledge 55

56 White lines indicate one-way traffic and broken lines indicate passing is allowed b. one way – passing allowed 56 Correct! Testing Your Knowledge

57 Lesson 3 Right of Way Lesson 3 Right of Way Understanding the Virginia Driver’s Manual 57

58  Right-of-Way is not a right or privilege – it must be given!  Right of Way is determined by a set of rules  Drivers must understand right-of-way rules governing  Intersections  Merges  Special conditions  Right-of-Way is not a right or privilege – it must be given!  Right of Way is determined by a set of rules  Drivers must understand right-of-way rules governing  Intersections  Merges  Special conditions Right of Way Concepts 58

59 Right–of–Way Concepts: Intersections Determine Who Should YIELD In The Following Situations  Controlled Intersections  Uncontrolled Intersections  Single or two-lane roads  intersecting with multiple-lane roads  When turning left  “T” Intersections  Railroad grade crossings  Controlled Intersections  Uncontrolled Intersections  Single or two-lane roads  intersecting with multiple-lane roads  When turning left  “T” Intersections  Railroad grade crossings 59

60 Controlled Intersections A controlled intersection has signs or signals to regulate the flow of traffic Controlled Intersections A controlled intersection has signs or signals to regulate the flow of traffic  Signs and/or signals  determine who should yield  regulate the flow of traffic and pedestrians  Signs and/or signals  determine who should yield  regulate the flow of traffic and pedestrians Right–of–Way Concepts: Intersections 60

61 When two or more vehicles approach an intersection at approximately the same time, the driver of the vehicle on the left shall yield the right-of-way to the vehicle on the right Vehicles approaching an intersection must yield to vehicles already in the intersection Same Time Rule First Car Rule  An uncontrolled intersectionNO signs or signals  An uncontrolled intersection has NO signs or signals to regulate the flow of traffic  A 4-way stop has a stop sign at each corner  An uncontrolled intersectionNO signs or signals  An uncontrolled intersection has NO signs or signals to regulate the flow of traffic  A 4-way stop has a stop sign at each corner Uncontrolled or 4-Way Stop Intersections 61

62 In these illustrations, the Blue Car must yield the right-of-way Uncontrolled or 4-Way Stop Intersections 62

63 If both of these vehicles arrive at this uncontrolled intersection at the same time, who must yield? a. Car a b. Car b If both of these vehicles arrive at this uncontrolled intersection at the same time, who must yield? a. Car a b. Car b Testing Your Knowledge a b 63

64 At and UNCONTROLLED INTERSECTION or 4- WAY STOP if two vehicles approach at the same time, the vehicle on the left must yield a. Car a 64 Correct! Testing Your Knowledge

65 Vehicles entering the traffic circle shall yield to vehicles already in the intersection At a T-intersection, the vehicle on the side street must stop and yield right of way Traffic Circles T-Intersections Right–of–Way Concepts: Intersections 65

66 Right–of–Way Concepts: Intersections Traffic Circles T-Intersections In the illustration above, the White and Yellow Cars must yield the right-of-way In the illustration above, the Blue Car must yield the right- of-way 66

67 Who must yield at a traffic circle (roundabout)? a. Vehicles in the circle b. Vehicles entering the circle Who must yield at a traffic circle (roundabout)? a. Vehicles in the circle b. Vehicles entering the circle Testing Your Knowledge 67

68 Vehicles entering a traffic circle must yield to vehicles already in the circle b. Vehicles entering the circle 68 Correct! Testing Your Knowledge

69 If traffic is congested and prevents moving to the right edge of the road, adjust lane position and leave a clear path for the emergency vehicle to pass On an undivided highway, all traffic must pull over to the edge of the road and allow the emergency vehicle to pass If traffic is congested and prevents moving to the right edge of the road, adjust lane position and leave a clear path for the emergency vehicle to pass On an undivided highway, all traffic must pull over to the edge of the road and allow the emergency vehicle to pass Vehicles must yield the right-of-way to police, fire, and rescue vehicles using a siren and/or flashing lights Yield the Right-of-Way to Emergency Vehicles Right–of–Way Concepts: Emergency Vehicles 69

70  Intersections  Crosswalks  Making Right Turns  Making Left Turns  Intersections  Crosswalks  Making Right Turns  Making Left Turns Yield the Right-of-Way to Pedestrians Right–of–Way Concepts: Pedestrians 70

71 All traffic must stop for a school bus with flashing red lights and an extended stop sign UNLESS the vehicles are traveling on the opposite side of a highway separated by a physical barrier or unpaved median area All traffic must stop for a school bus with flashing red lights and an extended stop sign UNLESS the vehicles are traveling on the opposite side of a highway separated by a physical barrier or unpaved median area Right–of–Way Concepts: School Bus 71 Yield the Right-of-Way to School Buses

72 In these illustrations, the RED cars must STOP and YIELD Right-of-Way At an intersection, all traffic must stop If a School Bus is loading or unloading students on a two lane road, traffic from both directions must stop Right–of–Way Concepts: School Bus 72

73 Vehicles traveling on the opposite side of a divided highway separated by a barrier or unpaved median do not have to stop Right of Way Concepts: School Bus In this illustration, the RED cars must STOP and YIELD Right-of-Way 73

74 Virginia law requires certain vehicles (e.g., school buses, oil tankers, etc.) to stop at all railroad crossings If you follow one of these “Must STOP Vehicles”, be prepared to stop, since you cannot pass or overtake them at an intersection Virginia law requires certain vehicles (e.g., school buses, oil tankers, etc.) to stop at all railroad crossings If you follow one of these “Must STOP Vehicles”, be prepared to stop, since you cannot pass or overtake them at an intersection Passing and overtaking is not permitted Railroad crossings are specialized intersections Railroad Crossings 74

75 – Advance warning signs – a round, yellow sign with a black “ RR” indicates a highway-rail crossing is ahead - be prepared to stop – Pavement markings – “RR” painted on the pavement - be prepared to stop – Crossbuck signs are like yield signs – drivers must YIELD to trains Slow down and be prepared to stop when you see the crossbuck sign. A sign below the crossbuck indicates the number of tracks drivers must cross – Advance warning signs – a round, yellow sign with a black “ RR” indicates a highway-rail crossing is ahead - be prepared to stop – Pavement markings – “RR” painted on the pavement - be prepared to stop – Crossbuck signs are like yield signs – drivers must YIELD to trains Slow down and be prepared to stop when you see the crossbuck sign. A sign below the crossbuck indicates the number of tracks drivers must cross Railroad Crossings 75

76 Flashing red lights and warning bells  STOP - if you see flashing red lights or hear warning bells -  Gates - flashing red lights and/or bells STOP Never go around the gates, it’s against the law -  Flag operator - Proceed only when given the “all clear” signal  Train whistle - STOP if you hear a train whistle, or see a train Flashing red lights and warning bells  STOP - if you see flashing red lights or hear warning bells -  Gates - flashing red lights and/or bells STOP Never go around the gates, it’s against the law -  Flag operator - Proceed only when given the “all clear” signal  Train whistle - STOP if you hear a train whistle, or see a train Cross when the gates are up, the lights and bells stop, and all tracks are clear in both directions! Railroad Crossings 76

77 a. You are at an intersection b. There are no children loading or unloading c. There is a median between you and the bus a. You are at an intersection b. There are no children loading or unloading c. There is a median between you and the bus Testing Your Knowledge 77 You must always stop for a stopped school bus with it flashing lights and stop arm unless

78 You must always stop for a school bus with flashing lights and a stop arm unless there is a median between you and the bus c. There is a median between you and the bus 78 Correct! Testing Your Knowledge

79 a. stop b. proceed with caution c. slow down, look and listen for trains a. stop b. proceed with caution c. slow down, look and listen for trains Testing Your Knowledge 79 When you approach this sign, you should

80 The crossbuck should be regarded as a yield sign Drivers should slow down, listen and look for trains and be prepared to stop The crossbuck should be regarded as a yield sign Drivers should slow down, listen and look for trains and be prepared to stop c. slow down, look and listen for trains 80 Correct! Testing Your Knowledge

81 A speed limit is the maximum legal speed you can travel on a road under ideal conditions Basic Speed Limits School, Business or Residential Zones25 MPH Rural Expressway (Interstates)65 MPH Rustic Roadways35 MPH All other roadways55 MPH UNLESS OTHERWISE POSTED A speed limit is the maximum legal speed you can travel on a road under ideal conditions Basic Speed Limits School, Business or Residential Zones25 MPH Rural Expressway (Interstates)65 MPH Rustic Roadways35 MPH All other roadways55 MPH UNLESS OTHERWISE POSTED Speed Limits 81

82 The 2010 Virginia General Assembly raised the maximum allowable speed limit in Virginia to 70 MPH.  These 70 MPH speed zones will only apply to roadways specifically designated by VDOT.  Driving above 80 MPH will still constitute reckless driving. The 2010 Virginia General Assembly raised the maximum allowable speed limit in Virginia to 70 MPH.  These 70 MPH speed zones will only apply to roadways specifically designated by VDOT.  Driving above 80 MPH will still constitute reckless driving. Speed Limits 82

83 /sne_intro.asp Go to: and take the general knowledge practice test. Virginia Driver Education


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