Permeable Grids: Make it easier to walk/cycle… But also make it easier to drive
Filtered Permeability Maximises permeability for bikes, buses, pedestrians Restricts it for cars
Groningen – 60% of trips by bicycle
‘coarse grain’ network of roads for cars
Groningen – ‘coarse grain’ network of roads for cars Groningen – ‘fine grain’ network for cycling
Groningen Cycle Path (& pavement)
Groningen – Cycle Bridge From City Centre
Groningen – Bus gate with cycle bypass
Zwolle: Cycle Tunnel with separate pavement
NEW CROW GUIDELINES (2007)
Manual for Streets (DfT, 2007) Pedestrians and cyclists should generally be accommodated on streets rather than routes segregated from motor traffic...
Manual for Streets (DfT, 2007) Note the get-out clause… Pedestrians and cyclists should generally be accommodated on streets rather than routes segregated from motor traffic...
Cycle Infrastructure Design Consultation Draft (DfT, 2007) cycle and pedestrian networks need to be more permeable than is usually possible or desirable for motor traffic. To achieve this local cycle networks might include quiet residential roads, paths alongside rivers and canals, disused railways, and sometimes conversion of existing footways…
Ecotowns Transport Worksheet Filtered Permeability: “…separating the sustainable modes from private motor traffic in order to give them an advantage in terms of speed, distance and convenience”
Refer to Ecotowns Worksheet (& European guidance) Challenge the Conventional Wisdom on Permeability and Segregation And… For UK Cycle Planners:
Give the advantage to the Bike! Articles in: Town & Country Planning Local Transport Today Cycle Magazine On: