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Why Pavement Maintenance and Preservation? Sponsored by: Minnesota T 2 Center Presented by: Michael Marti, P.E. SRF Consulting Group, Inc. Dan Wegman,

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Presentation on theme: "Why Pavement Maintenance and Preservation? Sponsored by: Minnesota T 2 Center Presented by: Michael Marti, P.E. SRF Consulting Group, Inc. Dan Wegman,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Why Pavement Maintenance and Preservation? Sponsored by: Minnesota T 2 Center Presented by: Michael Marti, P.E. SRF Consulting Group, Inc. Dan Wegman, P.E. SemMaterials

2 What Are We Talking About?

3 FHWA Definition of Pavement Preservation Pavement preservation is a strategically-planned, engineering-based program to arrest light deterioration, retard progressive failures, reduce the need for routine maintenance and maintain safety on the existing roadway system. It is a series of cost effective maintenance strategies to delay the onset of predicted distress. Pavement preservation does not significantly improve the load carrying capacity of pavements, shoulders, or structures, but extends the useful life and improves the level of service. FHWA

4 Practical Definition of Pavement Preservation The right treatment At the right time On the right project Done right!

5 Needs: Maintain: $50 billion Eliminate backlog: $210 billion Budget: $27 billion FHWA Maintenance : Needs vs Budget

6 Mn/DOT - Preventive Maintenance Funding and Operational Issues In 1999, spent $30 million maintenance Estimated need is $118 million! Centralized recommendations based on pavement management program Final decisions based on field review and local issues/input

7 Types of Pavement Maintenance Corrective (reactive, rehabilitation) –After deficiency occurs –More expensive Preventive (proactive) – Protective – Retards deterioration – Extends asset’s life – Reduces need for corrective maintenance

8 Why Pavement Preservation? Intuitive Argument Why do you change the oil in your car? Why do you paint the exterior of your house? You do them to preserve your initial investment and extend it’s life… You don’t measure how long they last… Pavement preservation is the same concept.

9 Pavement Lifecycle Typical Maintenance & Rehabilitation Strategies Years PSI (Pavement Serviceability Index) Routine Maintenance Defer Action Rehabilitation Reconstruction Pavement Preservation

10 Preventive Preservation Treatments Pavement Condition Time or traffic Conventional Overlay Pavement Preservation Strategy

11 Theory Behind Pavement Preservation – Timing Excellent Good Fair Poor Very Poor Failed 40% drop in quality 75% of life 40% drop in quality 12% of life Pavement Structural Condition Years $1 for PP here Would cost $5 - $10 here

12 Where is the Proof? Numerous studies/resources FHWA NCHRP NHI Foundation for Pavement Preservation LRRB Empirical facts vs Compelling data

13 Where is the Proof? Current LRRB Study (Inv 861 Wood and Lukanen) 1256 sections (constructed since 1985, bituminous over gravel base) 597 no preservation  659 with preservation Condition

14 1256 sections (constructed since 1985, bituminous over gravel base) 597 no preservation  659 with preservation Ride Where is the Proof? Current LRRB Study (Inv 861 Wood and Lukanen)

15 Where is the Proof? Rougher roads have higher user costs Therefore, pavement preservation yields lower user costs, but is it cost effective?

16 Where is the Proof? TRB Report (Galehouse, Moulthrop, and Hicks) TR News Economic analysis (LCCA) Based on typical costs and expectations

17 Where is the Proof? TRB Report (Galehouse, Moulthrop, and Hicks) No Preservation With Preservation

18 Data supports familiar graphs Where is the Proof? TRB Report (Galehouse, Moulthrop, and Hicks)

19 Where is the Proof? Typical costs in Minnesota Typical Cost per Mile New Construction $436,868 Preservation Treatments Chip Seal $5,711 Crack Repair $5,891 Crack Seal $3,624 Crack Seal/Chip Seal $9,792 Thin (1.5-in.) Mill & Overlay $62,791 Micro-Surfacing $32,957 Thin (1.5-in.) Overlay $18,365 Rehabilitation Medium (3-in.) Overlay $38,220 Medium Mill & Overlay $83,654 Thick (5-in.) Overlay $54,600 Thick Mill & Overlay $104,963

20 Benefits of Pavement Preservation Pavement Preservation…doing the right thing at the right time. Preserving initial investment Extended life or serviceability Lower life-cycle costs Lower user costs Improved safety Improved budget planning Public support Based on this, use your own data to determine if it’s The RIGHT TIME to do the RIGHT THING?

21 Establishing a Preservation Program Number of Technical Components Two most important components are non-technical Agency Top Management Commitment Education/Outreach Program

22 What are some of the barriers? Paradigm Shift Moving from “worst-first” process Internal Issues Must be understood and accepted by all Must be committed to by top management Must have buy-in from work force Remove stigma that maintenance is less important or “prestigious” than new construction Marketplace Pressures Introducing new technologies Competition from industry (“rehab” and material suppliers) Public Perception “Why are you fixing something that is not broken?”

23 Examples of Preventive Maintenance Techniques Crack sealing Chip seals Macro-surfacing Slurry seals Micro-surfacing Ultra-thin bonded wearing coarse Thin overlay Mill and overlay


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