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TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Kennedy’s Foreign Policy.

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Presentation on theme: "TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Kennedy’s Foreign Policy."— Presentation transcript:

1 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Kennedy’s Foreign Policy

2 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Curriculum Standard Evaluate the success of 1960’s era president’s foreign and domestic policies.

3 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Chapter 21, Section 1: Kennedy and the Cold War (696 – 702) A – Kennedy Defeats Nixon in 1960 Q: How did the television debates affect the 1960 presidential election? B – Kennedy Launches New Cold War Strategies and Comparing Viewpoints (698) Q: How does Eisenhower’s plan for containing communism differ from Kennedy’s? C – Red Heading: Building the Nation’s Military to the Bay of Pigs Invasion Q: What strategies did Kennedy use to improve relations between the United States and developing countries? D – Cuban Missile Crisis (red) to the end. Q: How did the meeting in Vienna affect relations between Kennedy and Khrushchev? E – Summary of Section Q: How did Kennedy respond to the continuing challenges of the Cold War? First, read your section in your group (A-E). Define any key terms in your section, take about 3 to 4 main points (detailed) summarizing your section and answer your focus question (20 mins). Then, your teams will change (1-5), each member gets a few minutes to explain their section of the text to their new members while the others take notes (20 mins). There will be an exit ticket containing questions from each section of the text. (5 mins)

4 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Focus Question Answers: A. Kennedy, who appeared relaxed and confident during the first debate, appeared to gain an advantage in the presidential race over Nixon, who entered the debate pale and exhausted. B. Eisenhower suggests that the nation should maintain defense without increasing military budget, whereas Kennedy thinks a strong military deters foreign aggression. C. He used programs such as the Peace Corps to provide technical, educational, and health services and the Alliance for Progress to provide economic aid. D. It exacerbated tensions between the two leaders. E. Kennedy responded to these challenges calmly and with resolve, gaining prestige as a thoughtful leader capable of handing crisis. However, the Bay of Pigs Invasion was viewed as a huge setback for the President.

5 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Individual Exit Ticket – worth 10 formative points: 1.How did the television debates affect the 1960 presidential election? a. The women voters could see how cute Kennedy was b. Kennedy appeared relaxed and confident gaining the advantage c. Nixon appeared relaxed and confident gaining the advantage d. Both B and C 2. How does Eisenhower’s plan for containing communism differ from Kennedy’s? a. Eisenhower thinks the nation should maintain defense without increasing military budgets b. Kennedy thinks a strong military deters foreign aggression. c. Kennedy supported programs that resulted in a $6 billion rise in defense spending d. All of the above are true 3. Alliance for Progress promised to resurrect America’s Good Neighbor policy toward a. Latin America b. Spain c. Icelandd. USSR 4. How did the meeting in Vienna affect relations between Kennedy and Khrushchev? a. Exchanged Twitter Accountsb. Nothing changed between them c. Made tensions worsed. None of the above are true

6 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Explain the steps Kennedy took to change American foreign policy. Analyze the causes and effects of the Bay of Pigs invasion and the Cuban Missile Crisis. Assess the results of the Berlin Crisis and other foreign policy events of the 1960s. Objectives

7 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. How did Kennedy respond to the continuing challenges of the Cold War? When John F. Kennedy took office, he faced the spread of communism abroad and the threat of nuclear war. His enthusiasm and commitment to change offered hope that the challenges of the Cold War could be met.

8 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. John F. Kennedy won a close presidential election in 1960, defeating Richard M. Nixon.

9 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Kennedy launched a new Cold War strategy. He built up both conventional and special military forces. He created a flexible response defense policy. He developed the Alliance for Progress to improve relations with Latin American countries. He created the Peace Corps.

10 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. As ambassadors of American goodwill, the Peace Corps sent American volunteers to developing nations to assist with such services as education and health care.

11 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Two Major Confrontations: Bay of Pigs Invasion Cuban Missile Crisis

12 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Kennedy took responsibility for the mission’s failure. The President said, however, that he would continue to resist efforts by the communists to control other countries in the Western Hemisphere. In April 1961 the United States invaded Cuba’s Bay of Pigs. The invasion, conceived by the CIA to overthrow Fidel Castro, involved Cuban exiles who had fled Castro’s rule and settled in the United States. The Bay of Pigs mission failed.

13 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. In 1962, American intelligence agencies photographed Soviet nuclear missile installations in Cuba. Cuban Missile Crisis

14 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. The missiles at these Cuban sites threatened major cities in the United States.

15 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. In Public Behind the Scenes In a television address, Kennedy blamed Soviet Prime Minister Khrushchev for reckless action that threatened world peace. Kennedy initiated a U.S. naval blockade of Cuba. Kennedy told the Soviets that the United States would remove U.S. missiles from Turkey and Italy if the Soviets removed their missiles from Cuba. Kennedy worked to resolve the Cuban missile crisis.

16 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. After six tense days, the Soviets backed off. Nikita Khrushchev agreed to honor the blockade and removed the missiles. The crisis prompted the two leaders to establish a period of détente. They set up a hot line between Washington, D.C., and Moscow to improve communication.

17 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. This treaty ended abovegrou nd nuclear testing. As a result of the crisis the United States, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and thirty-six other countries signed the first Nuclear Test Ban Treaty in 1963.

18 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. The United States also clashed with the Soviets over Berlin. Khrushchev ordered the building of the Berlin Wall to separate communist East Berlin from democratic West Berlin.

19 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. In response to Khrushchev’s actions, Kennedy requested a large increase in military spending. He also sent 1,500 more U.S. soldiers to West Berlin. The Berlin Wall became a symbol of the split between the communist East the democratic Westand the communist East

20 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Please complete page 171 in your workbook!

21 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Kennedy’s Domestic Policy

22 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Evaluate Kennedy’s domestic policies. Assess the impact of the Kennedy assassination. Objectives

23 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. What were the goals of Kennedy’s New Frontier? President Kennedy was determined to improve life in the United States. He succeeded in making some domestic policy changes regarding poverty and racial discrimination and spurred interest in the space race.

24 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. The new First Family charmed Americans with their youth and energy. The president surrounded himself with distinguished men from the country’s best businesses and universities. President Kennedy had a special style that made him seem different from other politicians. “Camelot”

25 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. He also wanted to jump-start the space program. Kennedy promised that his administration would bring America to a New Frontier. He pledged to create economic opportunity and expand health care and civil rights.

26 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. However, a conservative Congress prevented Kennedy from enacting all of the programs he proposed. Some of President Kennedy’s New Frontier proposals succeeded. Kennedy was able to Increase the minimum wage Extend Social Security benefits Improve the welfare system Pass the first Equal Pay Act, a crucial step toward fair employment between men and women

27 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Kennedy’s economic initiatives led to tremendous economic growth in the late 1960s. Kennedy made several proposals related to the economy. Increased military spending Tax credits for business and tax cuts for the middle class Deficit spending to stimulate the economy

28 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Kennedy introduced a civil rights bill in He also proposed to strengthen civil rights in response to further violence in the South. Civil rights marches and demonstrations took place all across the country. In 1961 “freedom rides” aimed to desegregate the south. Kennedy pursued a timid approach to civil rights.

29 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. He made it a national goal to place a man on the moon before Congress gave generous funding to NASA, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Kennedy recognized the need for the United States to beat the Soviet Union in the space race.

30 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. In July, 1969 an American flag flew on the moon.

31 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. In November, 1963, while riding in a motorcade in Dallas, Texas, President Kennedy was assassinated. The senseless murder deeply saddened Americans. To many, it seemed that America’s innocence had died with Kennedy.

32 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. The nation moved to resolve the economic and equality issues Kennedy had identified. After Kennedy’s death, Vice President Johnson was sworn in as the new President. Johnson also appointed the Warren Commission to investigate the assassination of President Kennedy.

33 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Please complete Chapter 21, Section 2 in your workbook. Page 174

34 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Johnson’s Domestic Policy

35 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Curriculum Standard 7.4: Evaluate the success of 1960’s era presidents’ foreign and domestic policies.

36 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. After Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn in as President, he worked for the same goals Kennedy had championed. Johnson was a seasoned politician who built consensus in Congress to pass the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

37 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 Outlawed discrimination in voting, education, and public accommodations Established the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission to fight discrimination in hiring Prohibited discrimination on the basis of a person’s sex in public accommodations and in hiring

38 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. President Johnson convinced Congress to pass a big tax cut for the middle class. He also established the War on Poverty to promote job training, education, and health care for those in need.

39 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. As part of the War on Poverty, the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964 Created the Job Corps to train young people in work skills Established Volunteers in Service to America, or VISTA, to send volunteers into poor American communities Formed the Head Start program to fund preschool programs

40 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Johnson used his popularity to call for a Great Society that would end poverty and racial injustice and provide opportunity for every child. In the 1964 presidential election, President Johnson defeated Barry Goldwater in a landslide.

41 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Johnson’s Great Society Created Medicare and Medicaid Provided funds to impoverished school districts Passed legislation to improve air and water quality Passed the Immigration and Nationality Act of 1965 to lift immigration quotas Created the National Endowment for the Arts and Humanities

42 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. During Johnson’s presidency, the Supreme Court decided many cases involving controversial social, political, and religious issues. Called the Warren Court after Chief Justice Earl Warren, the Supreme Court supported civil rights, civil liberties, voting rights, and personal privacy.

43 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. The Warren Court ruled on many significant issues. Voter’s rights: “one man, one vote” principle Rights of the accused To have a lawyer present To have a court-appointed lawyer To be told about rights Prayer in school

44 TEKS 8C: Calculate percent composition and empirical and molecular formulas. Please complete page 176 in your workbook! After you have finished, please bring it to me. I will be grading pages 171, 174 and 176 for Chapter 21.


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