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Warm up- Happy Thursday! What is SECTIONALISM? How could this cause problems?

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Presentation on theme: "Warm up- Happy Thursday! What is SECTIONALISM? How could this cause problems?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Warm up- Happy Thursday! What is SECTIONALISM? How could this cause problems?

2 Sectionalism vs. Nationalism Regional Economies Create Differences Objective: Students will understand Sectionalism and Nationalism in the United States.

3 The First Industrial Revolution Pre 1812 two events changed the US economy Embargo Act of 1807- made trade illegal with European countries War of 1812- British placed blockade around US making trade impossible

4 War of 1812 Embargo Act of 1807

5 Industries in Europe Great Britain discovered the ability to use coal and water to power machines prior to the US Moved away from cottage industries US adopted these ideas for use in their own ways

6 Industrial Revolution Video Clip revolution

7 Interchangeable Parts Eli Whitney – demonstrated use of interchangeable parts to President Adams in 1801 First used on fire arms

8 Interchangeable Parts continued…. 3 advantages of interchangeable parts 1.Increased production, items could be mass produced 2.Repairs are easier on items, can replace one part 3.Allowed the use of more unskilled labor for lower salary

9 Interchangeable Parts continued…. Interchangeable parts and mass production resulted in Industrial Revolution Industrial Revolution- a social & economic reorganization in the 19 th century as machines replaced hand tools and large scale factory production developed

10 New England Economy Samuel Slater – Englishman that brought secrets of textile mills to America from England in 1793 England made it illegal for textile workers to leave their country with their knowledge of how machines worked

11 Slater Textile Mill

12 New England Economy continued… The first factories were placed in New England because: 1.Economy had been based on shipping and foreign trade 2.Fast moving rivers to supply water for factories 3.Large supply of people willing to work in the factories

13 New England Economy continued… Town of Lowell (1822)– booming manufacturing center Many women came from farms to work Irish men, women, and children came after the Potato Famine In New England, small family farms remained- only growing what was needed. In the late 1700’s slavery began to die out.

14 New Inventions Cotton Gin Invented by Eli Whitney in 1794 Cleaned cotton by removing seeds and leaves Steel Plows Invented by John Deere Sped up the process of planting crops Grain Reaper Invented by Cyrus McCormick in 1834 Made harvest faster and easier

15 Southern Economy “Cotton is King”- plantations used new inventions to help production Farming transformed Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama- expanding slavery From 1790 to 1810 the south slave numbers increased from 700,000 to 1,200,000 slaves.

16 Cotton is King

17 President Madison’s Goals In 1815, President Madison wants to unite the nation and make the nation self-sufficient. SELF-SUFFICIENT- PREDICT- What could be done?

18 President Madison’s Goals In 1815, President Madison wants to unite the nation and make the nation self-sufficient. Madison’s Goals 1.Improve transportation / internal improvements 2.Establish the Tariff of 1816 3.Resurrect national bank (Second Bank of the US)

19 The American System Congressman Henry Clay proposes the American System The North would produce manufactured goods for the South The South would produce the crops and livestock for the North

20 Internal Improvements National Road Connected regions together by land (MD to IL) Started Westward migration Erie Canal built in New York AKA “The Big Ditch” Linked Hudson River to the Great Lakes a Shipping charges dropped

21 National Road

22 Erie Canal

23 The Era of Good Feelings James Monroe- elected president (1816) Monroe- (a Virginian Dem-Rep) went on a goodwill tour across New England & was well received America entered into an "Era of Good Feelings"

24 NATIONALISM Page 219-223 Complete the chart with your elbow partner

25 Let’s actually SEE the expansion! ColorName of Treaty or ClaimYear A RedTexas Annexed1845 B Yellow13 Original Colonies / States C GreenTreaty of Paris with Britain1783 D OrangeAdams-Onis Treaty1819 E purpleLouisiana Purchase1803 F BlueMexican Cession1848 G Grey (light Black)Gadsden Purchase1853 H Brown Oregon Territory / Treaty with Britain 1824 Also Label (in Blue) Atlantic Ocean Pacific Ocean Gulf of Mexico

26 Dinner Party Project Friday, February 28 th Dorothea DixEli Whitney Horance MannSamuel Austin Worcester Lucretia MottJohn C. Calhoun Elizabeth Cady StantonCharles Finney Nat TurnerRalph Waldo Emerson Sojourner TruthHenry David Thoreau Frederick DouglasBlack Hawk Sarah or Angelina GrimkeSanta Anna William Lloyd GarrisonStephen Austin Denmark VesseySam Houston Henry ClayJames K. Polk Andrew JacksonZachary Taylor Joseph SmithMary Paul Cyrus McCormickSarah Bagley John DeereDavid Walker Samuel MorseMargaret Fuller Harriet TubmanSusan B Anthony Stephen Foster

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