Presentation on theme: "Baroque Music Main Currents in Baroque Music. Baroque Music The transition to the Baroque brought about a shift from several independent lines (polyphony)"— Presentation transcript:
Baroque Music Main Currents in Baroque Music
Baroque Music The transition to the Baroque brought about a shift from several independent lines (polyphony) to one in which a melody stood out (homophony). Monody: originated in vocal music around the year 1600 and was a new style featuring solo song with instrumental accompaniment Monody focused on text and its emotional power
Baroque Music Figured bass: shorthand notation for harmony – Chords created through improvisation Basso continuo: bass part, performed by 2 instruments – Chordal instrument (harpsichord, organ or lute) – and bass instrument (cello or bassoon)
Baroque Music Camerata- group of people (writers, artists, and musicians) engage in discussion about “the new music”. Members of Camerata were aristocratic humanists who aimed to resurrect the musical- dramatic art of ancient Greece. Music must heighten the emotional power of the text. Camerata gave the path to more advance form Opera.
Baroque Music Establishment of the major-minor tonality system was the outcome of this simpler style and less complex harmonies and was the most significant change in all of music history.
Baroque Music – Equal temperament: a new tuning system that mathematically equalized the distance between adjacent tones – Made it possible to play in every major and minor key without experiencing unpleasant sounds – J.S. Bach’s The Well-Tempered Clavier (2 vols.) each contains 24 preludes and fugues, one in every possible key