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STARTER Monday, September 8 Examine the map on page 121and answer these questions: 1.Name the five major tribes removed as a result of the Indian Removal.

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Presentation on theme: "STARTER Monday, September 8 Examine the map on page 121and answer these questions: 1.Name the five major tribes removed as a result of the Indian Removal."— Presentation transcript:

1 STARTER Monday, September 8 Examine the map on page 121and answer these questions: 1.Name the five major tribes removed as a result of the Indian Removal Act. 2.Where were most of the tribes moved? 3.What do you think were some of the long- term effects of this removal of Native Americans?

2 STARTER Tuesday, September 12 Examine the map, “The Missouri Compromise, ” on page 223. Answer the questions below: 1.How many free states/territories were in the Union, as of 1820? 2.How many slave states/territories were in the Union, as of 1820? 3.In which two territories was slavery permitted? 4.Why would Thomas Jefferson have feared for the Union’s future after the passage of the Missouri Compromise?... In other words, what possible problems can YOU foresee in the Missouri Compromise? (Will this compromise last? Why or why not?) Do not write the question

3 STARTER Tuesday, September 9 Color and label the Westward Expansion Map. Use the map in your book, page 180 for help. Label with the date and country from whom we acquired the land (12 sites)

4 STARTER Tuesday, September 12 Examine the political cartoon “King Andrew the First” on page 233 and read about the cartoon. Answer the following questions: 1.What does the cartoon suggest about Jackson’s attitude toward the Constitution? 2.How does this cartoon specifically comment on Jackson’s use of presidential power? Get out your homework

5 Correct Missed Test Items Monday, September 18 Class Average: 83.5 MUCH BETTER! NO. 30My AnswerCorrect Answer LetterAB Explanation I thought that Europeans wanted to convert the Native Americans to Christianity According to our class notes and discussions, land ownership (especially by the English) caused the greatest source of conflict between Natives and Europeans; Treaty of Greenville (treaty relationship established with the government **Create this chart for EACH incorrect answer

6 Membership in the House of Representatives Examine the table entitled “Membership in the House of Representatives” on page 306 and answer these questions: (keep in mind, that representation in the House from a state is determined by population) 1.About what percentage of House members represented free states in 1850? 2.How did this percentage threaten Southern interests? 3.What factors would account for there being a higher percentage of free state representation in the House? STARTER: Tuesday, September 19

7 “Daily Life : Working at Mid-Century” Read “Daily Life : Working at Mid-Century” and examine the “Data File” on pages Write a one paragraph diary entry (with at date/year) explaining what your day was like as either a cotton plantation slave, mill worker, or a farmer STARTER: Wednesday, September 20 FYI: If you have not turned in corrected test items… do so ASAP!

8 Objective 2.1 Analyze the effects of territorial expansion & the admission of new states to the Union

9 SEVEN (7) THINGS TO KNOW 1.Why did people move and settle out west? 2.Missouri Compromise 3.Indian Removal & Treaties 4.Manifest Destiny 5.Texas Independence 6.War with Mexico 7.California Gold Rush NOTES

10 Read pages , , , , & Complete the questions 1-22 HOMEWORK

11 Answer the questions below: 1.What was John Q. Adam’s focus as Secretary of State under Pres. Monroe? ( ) 2.Why would settlers go west? (222) 3.Trace the process a territory would take to become a state. (222) 4.Explain why Missouri’s request for admission to the Union created conflict in (222) 5.Describe how the issue of Missouri’s statehood was resolved. (222-23) HOMEWORK

12 6. What were the two basic attitudes toward Native Americans since 1600? (226) 7. What was Pres. Andrew Jackson’s attitude toward Native Americans? (226) 8. How did the Cherokee fight the Indian Removal Act? (228) 9. What was Jackson’s reaction to Worcester v. Georgia? (228) 10. Describe the Trail of Tears. (229) 11. Describe Americans’ feelings regarding westward expansion during the 1840s. (280-81)

13 12. Name four reasons people moved west in the 1840s. (281) 13. What were the results of the Black Hawk War? (281) 14. What was the purpose of the Fort Laramie Treaty? How successful or unsuccessful was it? (282) 15. Why did Mormons move west? (284-85) 16. Why did Mexico invite U.S. settlers to live there? (289) 17. What led to the tensions in Texas in the 1830s? (290)

14 18. Identify events in the Texas Revolution that occurred on the dates below ( ): Late Late March April Sept

15 19. Why was there such a delay in Houston’s request for Texas to be annexed to the U.S. and the state’s actual admittance to the Union? (292) 20. What were Pres. James K. Polk’s aspirations after the Texas Revolution? (293-94) 21. What were the territorial gains for the U.S. as a result of the War with Mexico? (297) 22. How did the California gold rush bring diversity to the west? (299)

16 Vocabulary 1.Nationalism 2.Adams-Onis Treaty 3.Missouri Compromise 4.Indian Removal Act 5.Worcester v. Georgia 6.Trail of Tears 7.Manifest Destiny 8.Assimilate 9.Santa Fe Trail 10.Oregon Trail 11. Mormons 12. Joseph Smith 13. Brigham Young 14. Annex 15. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo 16. Gadsden Purchase 17. forty-niners 18. Gold rush HOMEWORK

17 1. What was John Q. Adam’s focus as Secretary of State under Pres. Monroe? To establish a foreign policy based on nationalism The Adams-Onis Treaty was signed gave America Florida from Spain & the Oregon Territory

18 Nationalism A devotion to the interests and culture of one’s nation

19 2. Why would settlers go west? a.To escape debts b.To escape the law c.In search of economic gain d.Plenty of cheap and fertile land e.Change occupations

20 3. Trace the process a territory would take to become a state. 1 st : Territory’s population would reach 60,000 2 nd : Petition the government (Union) for admission as a state 3 rd : Draft a state constitution 4 th : Elect representatives 5 th : Congress approved the state to become part of the United States

21 4. Explain why Missouri’s request for admission to the Union created conflict in The number of slave states and free states was not equal Southerners were afraid they would have less power in Congress Southerners were threatened that Northerners were trying to end slavery Northerners thought the South was trying to expand slavery into the new territories

22 5. Describe how the issue of Missouri’s statehood was resolved. Henry Clay (“The Great Compromiser”) came up with the Missouri Compromise It maintained a balance between the free states and slave states In addition, a line was created- states admitted South of the line would be slave states and states North of the line would be free states

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24 6. What were the two basic attitudes toward Native Americans since 1600? 1.Displace Native Americans and take away their lands 2.Convert them to Christians, turn them into farmers, and absorb them into white culture

25 7. What was Pres. Andrew Jackson’s attitude toward Native Americans? (226 President Jackson believed Native Americans should be moved from their lands to areas in the west He had Congress approve the Indian Removal Act of 1830 which moved eastern tribes to Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma) “King Andrew” pg 125

26 8. How did the Cherokee fight the Indian Removal Act? (228) The Cherokee won recognition as a distinct political community in the Supreme Court case Worcester v. Georgia

27 9. What was Jackson’s reaction to Worcester v. Georgia? (228) Jackson refused to enforce the Supreme Court’s decision

28 10. Describe the Trail of Tears. (229) It was an 800 mile trip made by steamboat, railroad, and on foot Many people died in the winter The Cherokee were stripped of their possessions ¼ of the tribe died

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30 11. Describe Americans’ feelings regarding westward expansion during the 1840s. Americans believed that they were destined and ordained by God to move west The phrase “Manifest Destiny” expressed the belief that the United States should expand to the Pacific Ocean and into Mexican Territory

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32 12. Name four reasons people moved west in the 1840s. (281) 1.Escape financial problems 2.Abundant land for ownership 3.Mining 4.Seeking new markets

33 13. What were the results of the Black Hawk War? (281) More tribes were removed from their lands in the east to Indian Territory

34 14. What was the purpose of the Fort Laramie Treaty? How successful or unsuccessful was it? The Fort Laramie Treaty was established to create peace among tribes in the west and the U.S. government and its citizens The Fort Laramie Treaty was violated by the U.S. government Eventually, Native Americans were put on reservations and lost total control over their lands

35 15. Why did Mormons move west? (284-85) The Mormons moved west to escape religious persecution

36 16. Why did Mexico invite U.S. settlers to live there? (289) Mexico needed to improve its economy so it offered land grants to American farmers

37 17. What let to the tensions in Texas in the 1830s? (290) Cultural differences between the Mexicans and U.S. settlers, especially over the issue of slavery Slavery had been abolished in Mexico is 1824

38 18. Identify events in the Texas Revolution that occurred on the dates below ( ): Late Austin petitions the Mexican government for self-government in Texas Austin is then imprisoned by Santa Anna

39 Late Texas attacks Mexico; Santa Anna destroys the Alamo

40 March Santa Anna kills 300 Texans at Goliad April Sam Houston defeats Santa Anna at San Jacinto

41 Sept Republic of Texas established Houston invites the United States to annex Texas Texas becomes the 28 th state

42 19. Why was there such a delay in Houston’s request for Texas to be annexed to the U.S. and the state’s actual admittance to the Union? The delay occurred due to the debate over slavery Texas had slaves The North feared the balance of power between slave states and free states would be unequal again The North also feared there would be a war with Mexico if Texas was annexed (or added) to the United States

43 20. What were Pres. James K. Polk’s aspirations after the Texas Revolution? Polk wanted to bring Texas, New Mexico, and California into the Union

44 21. What were the territorial gains for the U.S. as a result of the War with Mexico? The United States paid $15 million for California, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, most of Arizona, parts of Colorado and Wyoming Then $10 million was paid for territory south of the Gila River (Gadsden Purchase)

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46 22. How did the California gold rush bring diversity to the west? (299) Chinese were the largest group to come from overseas Free blacks came looking for opportunities Mexicans were the fastest-growing population Slaves were part of the population until slavery was outlawed in California in 1849

47 SEVEN (7) THINGS TO KNOW 1.Why did people move and settle out west? 2.Missouri Compromise 3.Indian Removal & Treaties 4.Manifest Destiny 5.Texas Independence 6.War with Mexico 7.California Gold Rush NOTES

48 #1 Why did people move and settle out west? NOTES Escape religious persecution (like the Mormons) Find new markets for commerce Claim land for farming, ranching, and mining Seek new employment opportunities Escape debt and financial problems

49 # 2 Missouri Compromise Missouri Compromise was a line created- new states admitted South of the line would be slave states and new states North of the line would be free states It maintained a balance of power in Congress between the free states and slave states NOTES

50 #3 Indian Removal & Treaties NOTES Native Americans were removed from the east to Indian Territory with the passage of the Indian Removal Act of 1830 The removal of the Cherokee was known as the Trail of Tears Fighting between Native Americans in the west (Central Plains) and the U.S. government led to the Fort Laramie Treaty, which was violated by the U.S. government

51 #4 Manifest Destiny NOTES Americans came to believe that it was their destiny, ordained by God, to expand its territory to the Pacific Ocean and into Mexico This was called “Manifest Destiny” President James K. Polk wanted to obtain territory in Mexico

52 #5 Texas Independence Mexico invited American farmers to settle in its northern territory to help its economy Mexico and American settlers clashed over cultural differences, especially regarding slavery After fighting between Austin and Houston against Santa Anna (Mexico’s dictator), Texas declared its independence Texas was eventually annexed to the United States, following conflicts within Congress over its status as a slave state Texas annexation to the Union led to the War with Mexico NOTES

53 #6 War with Mexico Following the War with Mexico, the United States gained a great deal of territory though the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo NOTES

54 # 7 California Gold Rush When gold was discovered in California in 1849, thousands of people moved west Gold prospectors were known as “forty-niners” The population exploded and California became culturally diverse NOTES

55 Objective 2.3 Distinguish between the economic and social issues that led to sectionalism & nationalism

56 Nationalism A devotion to the interests and culture of one’s nation NOTES

57 Sectionalism Placing the interests of one’s own region ahead of the interests of the nation as a whole NOTES

58 JIGSAW ACTIVITY In your group, read, discuss the reading & answer your questions Discuss with your group members… YOU must become the expert on your topic Copy the questions! You must have both the questions and answers on your paper

59 JIGSAW ACTIVITY You will then teach your topic to someone in another group You will learn from members of other groups about their topics You will need to take notes so you can teach the topic You will need to take notes on the topic you are taught You will need both the answers and questions from each group!

60 1.How did interchangeable parts change industry? (212) 2.Prior to the Industrial Revolution, what was the basis of the New England economy? (213) 3.What happened in Lowell, Mass. in the late 1820s? (213) 4.Describe agriculture in the North in the late 1700s-early 1800s. (215) 5.How did Eli Whitney’s cotton gin cause slavery to become entrenched in the South? (215-16) HOMEWORK Answer the questions below:

61 6. What was the purpose & three major points of the American System? (216-17) 7. What was the purpose of establishing tariffs as part of the American System? (218) 8. What were the sectional reactions to the Tariff of 1816? (218) Bank of the U.S.? (218) 9. What did the Gibbons v. Ogden decision ensure? (220) 10. Explain the Monroe Doctrine. (221)

62 11. The Tariff of 1816 was increased in 1824 & in Why did Vice President John Calhoun call the Tariff of 1828 a Tariff of Abominations? (230-31) 12. What did South Carolina do to rebel against the Tariffs of 1828 & 1832? How was the rebellion ended? (232) 13. Why did Jackson oppose the Bank of the U.S.? (233) 14. What were “pet banks”? (233) 15. What finally became of the Bank of the U.S.? (234)

63 16. How did Southerners feel about the War with Mexico? (294) Northerners? (294) 17. Describe the economy of the North in the 1850s. (304) 18. Why did many Northern voters oppose slavery? (305) 19. Describe Southern life in (305) 20. What was the Northern reaction to the Wilmot Proviso? (306) Southern reaction? (306) 21. What issue did the Compromise of 1850 hope to settle? (307)

64 Starter 9/10 Get Back in Jigsaw groups! Review 3min You will get 25 min in new groups I am coming to see your maps!

65 Group 1 Alisha Jason Racheal Group 2 Roxana Schley Chelsey Brittane Group 3 Chris Lexus Tabitha Group 4 Keta Erica Carlos Mc Group 5 Carlos Mo Tashira Jordan Group 1 Deanna Angelo Miguel Group 2 Erin Joshua Brandon Group 3 Michael Troy Tia Group 4 Cheryl Victor Angelica Group 5 Tiffany Candace

66 Group A Alisha Roxana Chris Keta Carlos Mo Deanna Erin Michael Cheryl Tiffany Group B Jason Schley Lexus Erica Tashira Damontra Angelo Joshua Troy Victor Candace Group C Racheal Chelsey Brittane Tabitha Carlos Mc Jordan Miguel Brandon Tia Angelica Tiffany/Candace

67 Starter 9/11 Quick Write How do you think these images influenced Americans’ beliefs about foreign policy? How do you think the president and congress made decisions following 9/11 attacks when there was not a clear outline in the constitution for dealing with terrorist groups

68 EIGHT (8) THINGS TO KNOW 1.Two Distinct Economies Develop 2.American System 3.Monroe Doctrine 4.Tariff of Jackson Challenges the Bank of the U.S. 6.Sectional Attitudes about War with Mexico 7.Wilmot Proviso Debate 8.Compromise of 1850 NOTES

69 Two Distinct Economies Develop SECTIONALISM NOTES NORTH Became industrial with the invention of interchangeable parts Small, self-sufficient family farms Little to no need for slavery SOUTH Large plantations Cotton gin (Eli Whitney) made slavery entrenched in southern life More cotton was produced with the invention of the cotton gin, therefore more slaves were needed

70 American System (Henry Clay) NATIONALISM PURPOSE: Unite the nation economically 1. Develop transportation systems & internal improvements (roads, canals, and railroad) Specific examples: National Road, Erie Canal 2. Establish a protective tariff (tax on imports) This INCREASED the cost of foreign goods- domestic products were cheaper so more were sold These taxes would help pay for internal improvements 3. Resurrect the national bank (Second Bank of the U.S.) Created a national currency, making it easier for people in different regions to do business with each other NOTES

71 Monroe Doctrine NATIONALISM The Monroe Doctrine warned all outside powers not to interfere with the affairs in the Western Hemisphere; At the same time the United States would not involve itself in European affairs Don’t create new colonies Don’t overthrow newly independent republics in the hemisphere NOTES

72 Tariff of SECTIONALISM John C. Calhoun (Jackson’s Vice President from South Carolina) called the tariff a “Tariff of Abominations” According to Calhoun, the tariff forced the South to buy the more expensive Northern manufactured goods He felt the North was getting rich at the expense of the South South Carolina tried to nullify the tariff Henry Clay stepped in a brokered a compromise, lowering the tariff over a 10 year period NOTES

73 Jackson Challenges the Bank of the U.S. NATIONALISM Jackson believed that the Bank of the U.S. benefited the rich rather than the citizen Instead, Jackson deposited money into state banks, rather than the Bank of the U.S. -“pet banks” These banks were loyal to the Democratic Party, thus called “pet banks” Eventually the BUS went out of business NOTES

74 Sectional Attitudes about War with Mexico SECTIONALISM South Saw it as an opportunity to extend slavery and increase Southern power in Congress North Opposed the war and saw it as a plot to expand slavery This would create Southern dominance NOTES

75 Wilmot Proviso Debate SECTIONALISM The Proviso would ban slavery in all territories acquired in the War with Mexico The North supported the proviso because it banned slavery in new territories The North thought slavery was unfair competition to wage earners The South opposed the proviso The proviso never passed, but caused more sectional tension between the North and the South NOTES

76 Compromise of 1850 NATIONALISM Created by Henry Clay to solve the controversy between free states and slave states The terms of the Compromise of 1850: 1.North got California admitted to the Union as a free state 2.South got a strict fugitive slave law 3.Popular sovereignty (allowing residents of the new territories to vote for or against slavery) would determine the status of states in the future NOTES

77 Quiz Study 2.1 & 2.3 Questions and Vocabulary We will test Goal 2 next week (probably Tues/Wed)

78 BATTLE OF THE SEXES QUIZ BOWL 10 Points per question correct

79 Quiz Bowl Males Females

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81 Factories became the new centers of industry, rather than the home Factories used power-driven machinery and laborers assigned to different tasks Mass production of goods (large quantities) was possible This started the Industrial Revolution in America How did interchangeable parts change industry?

82 Prior to the Industrial Revolution, what was the basis of the New England economy? The basis of the New England economy was the shipping industry After the War of 1812, America turned its attention to domestic industries

83 A textile factory was created to manufacture cloth in all the stages The town of Lowell, Mass. Became a booming manufacturing center! Thousands came to work there, especially young women What happened in Lowell, Mass. in the late 1820s?

84 Small farms, which needed little labor (little demand for slaves) Self-sufficient, growing only what the family needed Raise one or two types of crops or livestock Would sell produce at city markets to purchase items from stores Describe agriculture in the North in the late 1700s-early 1800s.

85 More slaves were needed to produce more cotton, a product that was in high demand in Britain The cotton gin made the planters wealthier because they could increase their cotton production This increase in production led to the need for more slaves How did Eli Whitney’s cotton gin cause slavery to become entrenched in the South?

86 What was the purpose of the American System? To united the nation’s economic interests The industrial North would produce manufactured goods needed in the South & West The agricultural South & West would product grain, meat, and cotton needed in the North It would include a nationally accepted currency It would promote improved internal improvements (roads, waterways for transportation) This system would allow economic independence from Europe

87 What were the three major points of the American System? 1.Develop transportation systems & internal improvements (roads, canals, and railroad) Specific examples: National Road, Erie Canal 2.Establish a protective tariff (tax on imports) This INCREASED the cost of foreign goods- domestic products were cheaper so more were sold These taxes would help pay for internal improvements 3.Resurrect the national bank (Second Bank of the U.S.) Created a national currency, making it easier for people in different regions to do business with each other

88 What was the purpose of establishing tariffs as part of the American System? This INCREASED the cost of foreign goods- domestic products were cheaper so more were sold These taxes would help pay for internal improvements

89 What were the sectional reactions to the Tariff of 1816? North welcomed the tariff because they knew their manufactured goods would be cheaper South & West did not want imported goods to be more expensive

90 What were the sectional reactions to the Bank of the U.S.? Less divisive than the Tariff 1816 because it allowed for a national currency which make business between the regions easier

91 What did the Gibbons v. Ogden decision ensure? Congress regulates interstate commerce The federal government has the power to regulate everything that crosses state lines Ex: steamboats, air traffic, TV & radio waves

92 Explain the Monroe Doctrine. The Monroe Doctrine warned all outside powers not to interfere with the affairs in the Western Hemisphere; At the same time the United States would not involve itself in European affairs Don’t create new colonies Don’t overthrow newly independent republics in the hemisphere

93 The Tariff of 1816 was increased in 1824 & in Why did Vice President John Calhoun call the Tariff of 1828 a Tariff of Abominations? An “abomination” is something “loathsome” and “disgusting”- usually referring to something unnatural or like a monster According to Calhoun (Jackson’s Vice President from South Carolina), the tariff forced the South to buy the more expensive Northern manufactured goods He felt the North was getting rich at the expense of the South

94 What did South Carolina do to rebel against the Tariffs of 1828 & 1832? 1.Calhoun devised a nullification theory, which questioned the legality of the tariff. The state of South Carolina declared the tariff unconstitutional 2. They threatened to secede (leave) the Union

95 How was the South Carolina rebellion ended? The Great Compromiser, Henry Clay, proposed a bill to lower the tariff over a 10-year period

96 Why did Jackson oppose the Bank of the U.S.? Jackson believed that the Bank of the U.S. benefited the rich rather than the citizen

97 What were “pet banks”? State banks that Jackson deposited government money into, rather than the Bank of the U.S. These banks were loyal to the Democratic Party, thus called “pet banks”

98 What finally became of the Bank of the U.S.? The charter expired on the bank & it eventually went out of business

99 How did Southerners feel about the War with Mexico? Northerners? South Saw it as an opportunity to extend slavery and increase Southern power in Congress North Opposed the war and saw it as a plot to expand slavery This would create Southern dominance

100 Describe the economy of the North in the 1850s. Rapid industrialization; Factories Railroads Cities developed Telegraph wires Immigrants worked the factories

101 Why did many Northern voters oppose slavery? Free labor was unfair competition for people who worked for wages

102 Describe Southern life in Rural society Plantations & small farms Relied on staple crops Used rivers to transport goods Few immigrants because the South used slaves, who worked for free

103 What was the Northern reaction to the Wilmot Proviso? The North supported the proviso because it banned slavery in new territories Thought slavery was unfair competition to wage earners

104 What was the Southern reaction to the Wilmot Proviso? The South supported the expansion of slavery

105 What issue did the Compromise of 1850 hope to settle? The controversy over new free and slave states that join the Union Thought this was settled with the Missouri Compromise, but it was not

106 EIGHT (8) THINGS TO KNOW 1.Two Distinct Economies Develop 2.American System 3.Monroe Doctrine 4.Tariff of Jackson Challenges the Bank of the U.S. 6.Sectional Attitudes about War with Mexico 7.Wilmot Proviso Debate 8.Compromise of 1850

107 QUIZ TIME! Clear your Desks you will need a sheet of paper and a writing utensil.

108 Vocabulary 1.Charles G. Finney 2.Second Great Awakening 3.Revivals 4.Transcendentalism 5.Ralph Waldo Emerson 6.Henry David Thoreau 7.Horace Mann 8.Dorothea Dix Work on vocabulary Due Monday! 9. Utopian Communities 10. Abolition 11. William Lloyd Garrison 12. Frederick Douglass 13. Elizabeth Cady Stanton 14. Lurcetia Mott 15. Cult of domesticity 16. Temperance movement 17. Seneca Falls Convention 18. Sojourner Truth

109 Vocabulary 1.Eli Whitney 2.Interchangeable parts 3.Cotton gin 4.National Road 5.Erie Canal 6.Tariff of Abominations Must KNOW These! 7.Wilmot Proviso 8.Secession 9.Popular sovereignty

110 Objective 2.4 Assess political events, issues, & personalities that contributed to sectionalism & nationalism

111 In-Class Project (TEST GRADE) Work in your group to create a stickman Create a stickman that addresses the assignment Complete the personalities worksheets

112 Create a STICKMAN on your person. The Challenge: the stickman must portray who the person was, what he/she stood for, and identify whether the person’s actions contributed to SECTIONALISM or NATIONALISM

113 Stickman (NAME AT THE TOP) Feelings/Desires Things he saw/Visions for the future Thoughts/ Dreams Actions/ Accomplishments 1.Read about your person. 2. Make a draft of your stickman *make sure your stickman notes whether your person contributed to nationalism and/or Sectionalism & how? 3. Transfer your draft onto bulletin board paper

114 Thomas Jefferson 1.I think I’ll walk to my inauguration 2.I dream of states rights 1.I am a nationalist 2.I am a sectionalist 1.I desire an economy based on agriculture 2.I feel that Native Americans should assimilate to the ways of the white man 1.I envision strong state governments 2.I saw Napoleon when I purchased Louisiana UNACCEPTABLE

115 Thomas Jefferson 1.I think I’ll walk to my inauguration, to show that I’m a simple, common man like the people of this great nation! 2.I dream of nullifying the Alien and Sedition Acts because they are a violation of the 1 st Amendment 1.I am a nationalist because I purchased the Louisiana Territory from Napoleon of France, which doubled the size of the nation 2.I simplified the government by wearing regular work clothes, cutting military costs, eliminating internal taxes, and opposing the Bank of the U.S. 1.I am a sectionalist because I envision an economy based on farming, especially in my home region of the South. 2.I saw the diaries of the Corps of Discovery after it explored the Louisiana Territory and documented its expedition ACCEPTABLE 1.I feel that Alexander Hamilton has it all wrong because he supports a strong central government, which is too reminiscent of a monarchy. 2.It is my desire that the Constitution be interpreted strictly. If the framers of the Constitution wanted something to be a part of our government, they would have put it in the Constitution!

116 Eli Whitney

117 Henry Clay

118 Pres. James Monroe

119 Pres. Andrew Jackson,

120 John C. Calhoun

121 Thoughts/ Dreams Visions/SawFeelings/ Desires Actions/ Accomplishmen ts Nationalism or Sectionalism ? EXPLAIN! Eli Whitney Henry Clay James Monroe Andrew Jackson John C. Calhoun Personalities that contributed to nationalism & sectionalism


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