Bell-Ringer Follow the directions on the small sheet of paper (from the podium).Follow the directions on the small sheet of paper (from the podium). –Be honest about what you have already completed and what you need to complete. –If you already submitted your thesis statement, then it will be returned to you during the bell- ringer so you may see the feedback/comments.
First Quarter Grades AAYou showed mastery of the content and skills that were presented to you. BBYou showed advanced competence with respect to content and skills, but there is still room for mastery. CCYou showed proficiency with respect to the content and skills, but there remain gaps in your understandings. DDYou showed some basic comprehension, but not enough to prove true understanding. FFYou showed below-basic comprehension.
Moving Forward SEMESTER GRADE: The one that countsSEMESTER GRADE: The one that counts HONORS CREDIT: Will be awarded to students who show mastery of advanced skills AND successfully execute a sustained piece of writing.HONORS CREDIT: Will be awarded to students who show mastery of advanced skills AND successfully execute a sustained piece of writing. FOCUS: Teaching and LearningFOCUS: Teaching and Learning
History of Belief Enlightenment:Enlightenment: The possession of Truth –If you fully embrace the Truth, then you will live according to the principles of that Truth and possibly achieve the ultimate goal. –Different faiths profess different Truths. Hinduism (Hindus)Hinduism (Hindus) Buddhism (Buddhists)Buddhism (Buddhists) Judaism (Jews)Judaism (Jews) Christian (Christians)Christian (Christians) Islam (Muslims)Islam (Muslims) Abrahamic Faiths
Judaism, Christianity, & Islam GODGOD –JEWS: One God, one form (God of Abraham) –CHRISTIANS: One God, three forms (God of Abraham) –MUSLIMS: One God, one form (God of Abraham) JESUSJESUS –JEWS: Not the messiah or son of God; not resurrected –CHRISTIANS: Savior, Messiah, son of God; resurrected –MUSLIMS: Prophet, not the messiah or son of God; did not die; was not resurrected; will come again at the end of time to bring Christians to Islam
Judaism, Christianity, & Islam SALVATION AFTER DEATHSALVATION AFTER DEATH –JEWS: There is a “world to come” called Olam Ha-Ba. Some believe that only the “righteous” who obey God’s laws reach Olam Ha-Ba. Others believe that all reach the afterlife but the righteous receive a greater existence there (in paradise, called Gan Eden). –CHRISTIANS: Paradise (Heaven) is available to all through the death and resurrection of Jesus. No person can receive salvation except through the grace of God. –MUSLIMS: Believers who obey the Quranic laws given through the Prophet earn salvation in paradise.
Judaism: Messiah &Kingdom At the End of Days, God will anoint (choose) a supreme king to rule over His kingdom (a new Israel) from the city of Jerusalem. The chosen messiah will not be a God or the son of God. He will be fully human, a descendant from the family of King David. His government will be the central government of all mankind. All Jews will return to the Holy Land of Israel. All humans will accept God as the only true God and Judaism as the one, true faith. There will be an end to war and suffering and violence in the new creation. The “righteous” dead will be resurrected to experience the new creation.
Christianity: Messiah &Kingdom Jesus is the messiah (the Christ), the savior and Son of God. Jesus’ death on the cross saved humanity. Because human beings are so sinful, they could never gain salvation on their own. They could never fully pay for all of their sins against God. So Jesus paid the price for all humanity. He took the punishment that all peoples deserve, and then he overcame sin and death through resurrection. Jesus’ sacrifice and resurrection guaranteed that all may receive salvation in God’s kingdom. He will come again to judge the living and the dead (which will be resurrected for judgment) and will create a new and perfect kingdom.
Islam: Messiah &Kingdom God will send a messiah called the Mahdi at the end of time. The Mahdi will be a descendant of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, and his name will also be Muhammad. He will rid the world of oppression and establish the rule of Islam over all other religions and peoples. Justice and fairness will exist throughout the world. Jesus, the prophet, will also return to assist the Mahdi in the creation of God’s kingdom on Earth. Jesus will confirm that Islam is the true faith. On the final day, God will resurrect the dead and judge all according to their faith and obedience to the laws of the holy Quran.
Quiz Questions: Write answers in complete sentences. Compare and contrast the Jewish, Christian, and Muslim beliefs about God. Compare and contrast the Jewish, Christian, and Muslim beliefs about Jesus. Compare and contrast the Jewish, Christian, and Muslim beliefs about heaven after death. Compare and contrast the Jewish, Christian, and Muslim beliefs about the messiah that will come at the end of time.