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1 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy New Medium vs. Old Models: Policy and Standards for the Next Generation Internet New Medium vs. Old Models: Policy and Standards.

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Presentation on theme: "1 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy New Medium vs. Old Models: Policy and Standards for the Next Generation Internet New Medium vs. Old Models: Policy and Standards."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy New Medium vs. Old Models: Policy and Standards for the Next Generation Internet New Medium vs. Old Models: Policy and Standards for the Next Generation Internet Michael R. Nelson Vice President, Policy Internet Society ITU, Geneva 23 March 2006

2 2 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy Internet Society’s Public Policy Goals Ensuring: Ability to Connect => preserve end-to-endAbility to Connect => preserve end-to-end Ability to Speak => oppose censorshipAbility to Speak => oppose censorship Ability to Innovate => open standardsAbility to Innovate => open standards Ability to Share => ensure fair useAbility to Share => ensure fair use Ability to Choose => foster competitionAbility to Choose => foster competition Ability to Trust => security and reliabilityAbility to Trust => security and reliability

3 3 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy Standards (IETF) Internet Management (ICANN) Internet Policy Internet-related Policy

4 4 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy Bottom Line A PROFOUND PARADIGM SHIFT –As important as the World Wide Web was in 1995 –New approaches to policy are essential –It’s not about imposing old broadcasting or telephony regulations on the Net

5 5 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy TIME FOR A QUIZ

6 6 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy Question 1 – Defining Terms What is the Next Generation Network? A.A replacement for the Internet B.An effort to resurrect the Intelligent Network, give more control to phone companies, and hinder new entrants C.An effort to make government wiretaps easier D.A vague, but useful, marketing term E.An excuse for lots of working group meetings F.An important effort to help ISPs build and manage their networks G.An effort to promote key Internet standards

7 7 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy Question 2 – Defining Terms What is the Next Generation Internet (NGi)? A.A replacement for the Internet B.A vague, but useful, marketing term C.A justification for lots of conferences D.A collection of new Internet technologies and standards that will accelerate the evolution of the Internet and development of exciting new Internet applications

8 8 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy Components of the NGi -- Web 2.0 Web 1.0 Web 2.0 Tools Browser, Wired Blogs, Wikis, AJAX, Grid, Computing, Wireless Standards TCP/IP, HTML SOAP, XML, XHTML Web Services Focus Enable data access, transactions Dialogue Enable collaborative work Immersive environments Media Text, Image, PDF, MP3 Video, Conferencing, Skype New Concept Hyperlinks Application mashup Business Positioning e-Commerce, e-Business e-Business 2.0?

9 9 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy Components of the NGi (continued) IPv6IPv6 All-optical, gigabit networksAll-optical, gigabit networks Broadband wireless (WiMax)Broadband wireless (WiMax) Widespread, standards-based authenticationWidespread, standards-based authentication 100s of billions of sensors and devices100s of billions of sensors and devices Distributed computing (e.g. Grid)Distributed computing (e.g. Grid)

10 10 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy

11 11 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy Number of nodes

12 12 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy Question 3 – Internet Governance Who controls the Internet? GovernmentsGovernments Telecommunications companiesTelecommunications companies IT companiesIT companies UsersUsers Everyone and no oneEveryone and no one

13 13 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy “Phone governance” (1970): Who made choices about phone service? Hundreds of governments Hundreds of government- run telephone companies International Telecommunication Union (“subscribers”)

14 14 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy Who makes choices about the Net? Dozens of intergovernmental organizations, standards bodies, and international NGOs Hundreds of governments and national consortia Thousands of IT vendors, network providers, ISPs… Millions of Internet users

15 15 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy Question 4 - Levers Rank in order of importance: A.Government Policy B.Technical Standards C.Business Practices

16 16 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy Key organizations affecting Internet industry Allocation of Internet resources Internet Standards Government Policy and Regulation National governments UN agencies WTO OECD EU ICANN RIRs registries IETF W3C IEEE ITU-T

17 17 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy Critical technology choices Authentication and directoriesAuthentication and directories Privacy-enhancing technologies (P3P)Privacy-enhancing technologies (P3P) Digital Rights ManagementDigital Rights Management Filtering technologies to block spam, pornFiltering technologies to block spam, porn Voice over IPVoice over IP Wireless Internet standardsWireless Internet standards Web services and Grid computingWeb services and Grid computing Instant messagingInstant messaging IPv6 deploymentIPv6 deployment Linking the phone network and the InternetLinking the phone network and the Internet Rich media standards (SIP, multicast, etc.)Rich media standards (SIP, multicast, etc.) End-to-end vs. walled gardensEnd-to-end vs. walled gardens

18 18 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy Tech answers to policy problems PrivacyP3P, etc.PrivacyP3P, etc. PiracyDRMPiracyDRM PornographyFiltering technologiesPornographyFiltering technologies ProtectionAuthenticationProtectionAuthentication PricingGrid standardsPricingGrid standards PolicingWireless InternetPolicingWireless Internet PsychologyPhone-Net mergerPsychologyPhone-Net merger ProcurementVoice over IPProcurementVoice over IP PaymentsPayments ProtectionismProtectionism

19 19 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy Question 5 – Focus for Policymakers To spur development of the Next Generation Internet, policymakers need to focus on: A.Controlling ICANN and the Domain Name System B.Regulating the price of Internet service C.Controlling content broadcast over the Internet D.Funding new universal service schemes E.Setting national Internet standards F.Fostering competition and innovation Supporting open global standards openly developedSupporting open global standards openly developed Supporting open sourceSupporting open source Supporting open marketsSupporting open markets Supporting R&D, education, & e-government applicationsSupporting R&D, education, & e-government applications Enforcing competition lawsEnforcing competition laws Opening up more spectrumOpening up more spectrum

20 20 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy Question 6 – Focus for Standards bodies To spur the growth and deployment of the Next Generation Internet, standards bodies need to: A.Compete and cooperate B.Avoid comprehensive, one-size-fits-all solutions C.Encourage experimentation and flexibility D.Avoid creating “control points” E.Strive for standards that are royalty-free and can be implemented in open source software F.Factor in policy and business considerations G.Involve a wider community of “stakeholders” (users, LDCs) H.All of Above

21 21 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy Standards that work Historical Case Studies: OSI vs. TCP/IPOSI vs. TCP/IP WAP vs. WiFiWAP vs. WiFi HDTV vs. Internet videoHDTV vs. Internet video Electronic authenticationElectronic authentication Digital Rights ManagementDigital Rights Management Good policy > Good standards > Happy users

22 22 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy BACKGROUND SLIDES

23 23 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy Layers of the Information Society Rule of Law (contracts, anti-corruption, etc.) Telecommunications networks Internet Computer hardware Software, e-business, and content Education and training

24 24 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy What’s New Now? 1 billion PCs >> trillions of devices, sensors1 billion PCs >> trillions of devices, sensors Web >> Web Services, GridWeb >> Web Services, Grid Communications media > Computing PlatformCommunications media > Computing Platform One-to-one + One-to-many >> Many-to-manyOne-to-one + One-to-many >> Many-to-many Megabit networks > all-optical gigabit networksMegabit networks > all-optical gigabit networks WiFi >> broadband wireless (e.g. WiMax)WiFi >> broadband wireless (e.g. WiMax) Open standards openly developed + open sourceOpen standards openly developed + open source

25 25 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy Locus of Decision-making No government All government Degree of government involvement International Regional National Company/Local Individual Internet standards Online taxes Censorship Telecom regulation Spectrum policy DNS IP addresses Trade policy Cyber-crime Development aid Spam On-line privacy Cyber-security E-government

26 26 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy Locus of Decision-making No government All government Degree of government involvement International Regional National Company/Local Individual Spam (Many different decisions in many different places)

27 27 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy Locus of Decision-making Telephony Governance No government All government Degree of government involvement International Regional National Company/Local Individual Telephony standards Taxation Telecom regulation Spectrum policyTrade policy Accounting Rates Country codes

28 28 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy Locus of Decision-making No government All government Degree of government involvement International Regional National Company/Local Individual Internet standards Online taxes Censorship Telecom regulation Spectrum policy DNS IP addresses Trade policy Cyber-crime Development aid Spam On-line privacy Cyber-security E-government Where “Internet governance” is needed

29 29 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy Where are we headed? No government All government Degree of government involvement International Regional National Company/Local Individual Global “Internet governance” Scenario #1 Scenario #2 Scenario #3

30 30 ITU Workshop on NGN Policy Clash of Models POLICY Top-downTop-down Hundreds of expertsHundreds of experts One-size-fits-all answerOne-size-fits-all answer TreatiesTreaties 1-10 years1-10 years Lawyers, politiciansLawyers, politicians PrecedentPrecedent Certainty, “coherence”Certainty, “coherence”MARKETS Bottom-upBottom-up Millions of buyersMillions of buyers Competing solutionsCompeting solutions Products and standardsProducts and standards <2 years<2 years Engineers, entrepreneursEngineers, entrepreneurs InnovationInnovation Choice, opennessChoice, openness


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