Bell Ringer 1. How can people in different regions of the country have different attitudes and beliefs? 2. How can these differences in relationships affect the country both in the past and in the present?
Objective Students will be able to analyze the social, political, and economic differences between the North and the South leading up to the Civil War.
The North Larger towns and cities Industrial Workers worked for wages The railroad transported manufactured goods Large amounts of immigrants Opposed slavery Slavery would compete with jobs Slavery would reduce the status of whites who needed jobs
The South Rural and agricultural Plantations and small farms Rivers for transportation of goods Few immigrants because slavery didn’t leave many job opportunities The majority of the South’s population consisted of slaves Southerners were in support of slavery For economic reasons-production of agriculture Feared that freedom would mean a social and economic revolution and destruction of the South
The Big Debate Slave states v. free states As we moved west the North and South had extensive debates in Congress over whether new states would be slave states or free states. Compromise of 1850 North: California was free South: Fugitive Slave Law-Escaped slaves had to be returned to masters or northerners would be prosecuted Popular Sovereignty: The right of states to decide their needs via voting
Northern Reactions Fugitive Slave Act: 6 th amendment not protected Northerners protected escaped slaves Sent fugitives to Canada Passed Personal Liberty Laws: Forbade prison/gave fair trials Underground Railroad Uncle Tom’s Cabin by abolitionist, Harriet Beecher Stowe
Stephen Douglas In favor of popular sovereignty and states’ rights (10 th Amendment) Kansas-Nebraska Act Popular Sovereignty Problems: Repealed Missouri Compromise (all states north of Missouri=free, south=slave
The Republican Party Founded by Horace Greely Anti-Slavery United in opposing Kansas-Nebraska Act Conservatives wanted to resurrect Missouri Compromise Abraham Lincoln
Homework Read the following sections on pages 324-326: Slavery Dominates Politics Dred Scott Decision The Lincoln Douglas Debates Lincoln challenges Douglas Positions and arguments Answer #3 on page 331