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 Malcolm X  The Black Panthers  The Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.  Nation of Islam  Black Power.

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Presentation on theme: " Malcolm X  The Black Panthers  The Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.  Nation of Islam  Black Power."— Presentation transcript:

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2  Malcolm X  The Black Panthers  The Assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.  Nation of Islam  Black Power

3  Was an African American Muslim minister, and human rights activist  Travelled to Harlem, New York and in 1942; he was part of various narcotic, prostitution, and gambling rackets  In 1946 Malcolm was arrested, and convicted for burglary; and was sentenced to 10 years in prison, but only served 6 because he was paroled.  Was very fascinated by the NOI leader, Elijah Muhammad; and soon joined this organization

4  Elijah Muhammad actively taught that the white-supremacist kept African Americans from “achieving any economical, political and social success”  Changed his surname to X, to signify the loss of his tribal name  Because of Malcolm, it increased membership in the NOI from 500 people in 1952 to 30,000 people in  F.B.I opened a file on Malcolm X, they were suspicious that Malcolm was a Communist, therefore appointed spies within NOI “[Kennedy] never foresaw that the chickens would come home to roost so soon”, and therefore, he was “silenced” for 90 days by Elijah

5  On March 1964 Malcolm separated from the NOI but remained a Sunni Muslim  During his pilgrimage Malcolm saw white people and other races helping the blacks, which changed his views about the whites  Founded his own religious organization, ‘The Muslim Mosque', in 1964  Malcolm was shot 16 times by 3 gunmen in New York at the Manhattan’s Audubon Ballroom on February 21, 1965

6  Formed by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale in 1966 under the name of, “The Black Panther Party for Self-Defense”  One of the first in American history to fight for ethnic minority  Fought for a revolution of real economic, social, political equality  Created a Ten Point Program, which states ten major issues they would like to improve on

7  Three example issues: ◦ We want full employment for our people ◦ We Want Education for Our People That Exposes The True Nature of This Decadent American Society. We Want Education That Teaches Our True History and Our Role in Present Day Society. ◦ We want all black men exempt from military service

8  Martin was a clergyman, activist and prominent leader in the African- American civil rights movement  His main responsibility was to secure progress on civil rights in the United States  King died by an assassin’s bullet at the Lorraine Motel, in Memphis, Tennessee  After the death of Martin Luther King Jr. several riots and protest occurred  King was 39 when he died  He was shot by James Early Ray at 6:01, April 4 th 1968  His last words were to musician Ben Branch

9 Martin Luther King Jr.’s assassin, James Earl Ray “April , Memphis, Tennessee: Civil rights leader Andrew Young and others stand on the balcony of the Lorraine Motel and point in the direction of the gunshots”

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12  Religious organization founded in Detroit Michigan in July 1930  It was founded by Wallace D. Fard Muhammad  Teaches that Wallace is both the "Messiah" of Christianity and the Mahdi of Islam  They had a goal to resurrect the spiritual, mental, social, and economic condition of black men and women of America  Promotes the belief that God will bring a universal government of peace

13  Due to the different beliefs of the concept of God, most Muslims had believed that this group was a heretic sect and offshoot of Islam  By observing Ramadan and Friday prayers they have come closer to orthodox Islam  Starting in 1978, Louis Farrakhan has been the leader of a new Nation of Islam  The new organization is called The Nation of Islam’s National Center and headquarters  It is now located in Chicago Illinois

14  A political slogan- has many meanings and associated ideologies  First coined by Stokely Carmichael of the SNCC  Black Power emphasized pride in African culture  Martin Luther King however disapproved of Black Power

15 One important protest was by Tommie Smith and John Carlos during the 1968 Olympics

16    The American Vision: Modern Times, California Edition. Columbus, OH: McGraw-Hill/Glencoe, 2006    American_Civil_Rights_Movement_(1955%E2%80%931968) American_Civil_Rights_Movement_(1955%E2%80%931968)  martin-luther-king-jrs-assassination martin-luther-king-jrs-assassination 


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