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Islamic Intellectual Theology Lesson 46 The Intellectual Evidence of ME’AAD The Questions on ME’AAD Second: This body or different body? This Earth or.

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Presentation on theme: "Islamic Intellectual Theology Lesson 46 The Intellectual Evidence of ME’AAD The Questions on ME’AAD Second: This body or different body? This Earth or."— Presentation transcript:

1 Islamic Intellectual Theology Lesson 46 The Intellectual Evidence of ME’AAD The Questions on ME’AAD Second: This body or different body? This Earth or a different Earth? Primary Source : ELAHIYAAT (Arabic) of Sh. Ja’far Subhani Vol. 4 Pages (summary) Edited: Nov. 15, BHD

2 The Recreation of the Earth يَوْمَ تُبَدَّلُ الأَرْضُ غَيْرَ الأَرْضِ وَالسَّمَاوَاتُ وَبَرَزُواْ للّهِ الْوَاحِدِ الْقَهَّارِ {48}  [Shakir 14:48] On the day when the earth shall be changed into a different earth, and the heavens (as well), and they shall come forth before Allah, the One, the Supreme.  1)The possibility is that our earth will be recreated, and the heavens above it only, because it did not mention the seven earths mentioned in the Quraan. اللَّهُ الَّذِي خَلَقَ سَبْعَ سَمَاوَاتٍ وَمِنَ الْأَرْضِ مِثْلَهُنَّ يَتَنَزَّلُ الْأَمْرُ بَيْنَهُنَّ [Shakir 65:12] Allah is He Who created seven heavens, and of the earth the like of them; the decree continues to descend among them,  2) The other possibility indicates that the heavens above the earth is the entire universe around it.

3 Existence of Life on Other Planets The possibility is there: 1. There are 1,000,000 Adam before our Adam [as] 2. Angels had seen blood shed by creating Adam, the possibility is that they may have seen such before on different planets. 3. The scientific possibility is that there are millions of galaxies in the universe. The light of galaxies which we receive is millions of light years away. The light is a standard to measure the distances of the planets from us. 4. Many of these planets and stars were there and have been destroyed. More planets are being created as the universe is expanding and more galaxies are created, and are expanding towards the perfect universe, and God says that on that day the earth will be changed. 5. The traveling between these large distances is done with AMR and not KHALQ, which proceeds at a much slower rate.

4 Will the Resurrection be in Multiple Bodies?  It is proven scientifically that most human cells are regenerated at a rate of about every 10 years. Will all these bodies be resurrected to get its reward and punishment for the deeds which were done by these bodies?  The question rises due to the denial of the soul, and as mentioned previously the body is only a tool for the soul to entertain or to suffer the pain or feel the pain.  The intentions were from soul, and the happiness and pain is also related to the soul and the soul is the one responsible for the crime. For example killing someone with a knife or a gun, where the direct cause is the weapon but the one who used the weapon is punished and not the weapon which was a tool.

5 Is the Human Risen in his Last Body?  No, because;  Last body is weak and could be paralyzed and not feel the pain of entertainment  Last body does not remain it decays, becomes ashes or dropping of the animals which devour it, therefore it does remain as it died in many cases  The body will be perfectly strong which could feel the entertainment or the severe pain  The things in the hereafter is created forever and does not perish. In this world the material does not last.

6 If the Body is Annihilated then what Body is Risen?  Science indicates that matter is not eradicated totally but changes from one form to another.  Therefore the particles of human still exist; either they are decayed particles in the dust, or soil from the droppings of the animals which devour it, or ashes and vapor resulting from the burring of the corpse.  The question is that those particles might had become particle of other human, so which human will be recreated from those transmitted human particles?  And if the same matter will be used to recreate the human then will that matter be enough to create all humans?

7 Which Human will be Risen?  The one who ate the other human or the one who was eaten by him!!  Some times the human becomes soils and enters the ecological food chain: Animal or bacteria ate the human, droppings of the animal (nitrogen and other organic compounds) and the waste (gases –CO2- and fluids) of the bacteria enters the air, water and soil, which then enters the plant and at the end that dead persons particles were transformed to a plant which was eaten by another human, so which one will be risen?  At same time and same moment these particle cannot exists in two different persons?  Therefore all the bodies will not be resurrected!!

8 Another Problem  If a righteous person ate an evil person who ate a righteous, then which one will be resurrected?  If one of the three will be then that will lead to injustice, either the evil will not get his punishment or the righteous will not get his reward?!!

9 Response  The human is composed of a body and soul; every soul has its independence because it is not from the matter of the material world. The human body has two components: 1. Form and matter, all the evidences indicate that the human being will be recreated it his worldly form of identity but in a perfect body. His/her face will be known by those who knew him as it was known in this world. 2. The matter or the material particles as mentioned previously about human changes (the cells dies and regenerate every day) every 10 years. Since the reward and the punishment will be on the soul and the body is only a tool, then there is no problem in having the matter different from the worldly matter.

10 Change of the matter (HOUWA HOUWA WA LAYSA HOUWA  As mentioned previously that the whole earth will be changed, therefore the particles of the matter will be changed as well. So the bodies will be recreated from a different matter and not same matter, therefore all the arguments of the eating and eaten, or not enough material on the earth for entire human, or which body will be recreated do not stand.  In the new earth there will be enough matter for entire human, and it will be new matter for every single human, and the quality of that matter will be different then the matter of the previous earth (the burning skin will regenerate faster in hell). يَوْمَ تُبَدَّلُ الأَرْضُ غَيْرَ الأَرْضِ وَالسَّمَاوَاتُ وَبَرَزُواْ للّهِ الْوَاحِدِ الْقَهَّارِ {48}  [Shakir 14:48] On the day when the earth shall be changed into a different earth, and the heavens (as well), and they shall come forth before Allah, the One, the Supreme.

11 Cloning of the Tissue  With the advance of the science and the concept of cloning such should the idea of recreating a similar body with different matter should not be a strange thing, especially when it come to the power of Almighty God who is capable of recreating the matter from nothing, and capable of recreating a similar matter. أَوَلَيْسَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ بِقَادِرٍ عَلَى أَنْ يَخْلُقَ مِثْلَهُم بَلَى وَهُوَ الْخَلَّاقُ الْعَلِيمُ {81} [Shakir 36:81] Is not He Who created the heavens and the earth able to create the like of them? Yea! and He is the Creator (of all), the Knower. إِنَّمَا أَمْرُهُ إِذَا أَرَادَ شَيْئًا أَنْ يَقُولَ لَهُ كُنْ فَيَكُونُ {82} [Shakir 36:82] His command, when He intends anything, is only to say to it: Be, so it is.

12 Body doesn’t make a difference  And since the aim of the happiness and the punishment is the soul then it does not make a big of a difference which of the matter is being punished, the one which clothed the soul of an evil or the soul of a righteous, as long as the body is cloth and cover of a soul, and it is a tool then the pain and the pleasure will happen to the soul through that clothed body.  The pain and pleasure is caused by the nerves system and the scientists indicate that the nervous system cells for human does not regenerate, the genetic code of every human is different, but still these are composed of matter and the growth of these matter require more matter to be consumed by a human and thus we will end up into same issue of eating and eaten, therefore the creation of new earth and the matter is the best answer and is supported by the holy Quraan.

13 Scientific answer  Even if hypothetically the earth is not recreated before the resurrection, the earth it self is huge and have enough matter  Caspian sea can hold the bodies of entire human race and will have room for more  Based on the calculation indicated by Sh Jafer: One cubical kilometer of volume of earth can hold about 19 Billion human  The volume of the earth can support enough matter to the entire race from the creation till now and will exceed  If the matter is not enough then it can also be taken from giant asteroids and other celestial bodies falling on earth which increase the matter of the earth  The iron on the earth is not even from the earth:  وَأَنزَلْنَا الْحَدِيدَ فِيهِ بَأْسٌ شَدِيدٌ وَمَنَافِعُ لِلنَّاسِ  57:25]..; and We have descended the iron, wherein is great violence and advantages to men,,,,

14 The conclusion:  Even if the earth is not recreated saying hypothetically, there will be enough matter to recreate the human and resurrect them.  Not just the solid matter but there enough gas and water on the earth and its atmosphere to recreate the entire human race.  Another possibility: The different earth or the change of the earth does not necessary mean that the earth will be recreated after the destruction which is inevitable, but it could also mean change of the place of resurrection, may be a different earth in a different solar system, BADDAL means change, therefore God will change the earth either by recreating or by resurrecting us on another planet similar or better than the planet earth.


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