Presentation on theme: "North Africa & Southwest Asia By Ryan S. Chapter 1 The Geography of North Africa and Southwest Asia."— Presentation transcript:
North Africa & Southwest Asia By Ryan S.
Chapter 1 The Geography of North Africa and Southwest Asia
Map of North Africa & Southwest Asia
What is the importance of the three main rivers to the region? The importance of the three main rivers is to supply necessary food and water to all the people. The Tigris, Euphrates, and Nile Rivers are also important because they flood and deposit nutrients making the soil fertile.
What is a Hunter Gatherer? A Hunter-Gatherer is a person who roamed the East; they found food by hunting, fishing, and gathering wild grains, fruits, and nuts.
How do the rivers make the soil fertile? When snow melts from the Ethiopian mountains and with the heavy rains in the spring and summer, the riverbanks of the Nile River become flooded. This flood leaves behind fertile soil that has been carried from one area to another.
What is Irrigation? Irrigation is the process of bringing water to dry land.
What is unique about the Dead Sea? What’s unique about the Dead Sea is it’s almost completely dead. Some bacteria can survive in its salty depths, but not fish. Salt and minerals make the water so dense; you can easily float on it!
Chapter 2 Ancient cultures of North Africa & Southwest Asia
Who was Hammurabi? Hammurabi was a famous emperor of ancient Mesopotamia, he ruled from 1792 B.C. to 1750 B.C. and developed one of the first code of laws.
What is a Ziggurat? Each city-state built a special temple for a specific god. The temple was built on a pyramid- shaped tower called a ziggurat. From the winding terraces wrapped around the ziggurat, people could watch celebrations honoring their god.
What is a class system? A class system is society divided into different social groups. Ex. King at the top Then a farmer Then those enslaved
The ancient Egyptian class system
What is cuneiform? Cuneiform is one of the first form of writing developed in Mesopotamia.
What are scribes? Scribes are school trained record keepers that meet the different needs of the temple, the royal government, and the business world.
Why was the Nile River important to ancient Egypt? Without the Nile the farmers wouldn’t be able to have fertile soil for feeding fresh crops. There is an annual flood that makes the soil fertile. They also used the Nile for transportation, food, building supplies, and other resources.
What are Hieroglyphics? Hieroglyphics was a writing system developed in ancient Egypt that used pictographs to stand for words and or sounds.
What are some interesting facts about ancient Egyptian Culture? Many of the temples and monumental structures of ancient Egypt are still standing today. Without the Nile river, this probably wouldn’t be possible. To build pyramids, the Egyptians used large stone blocks. A single pyramid may contain 92 million cubic feet of stone
Chapter 3 Religions of North Africa and Southwest Asia
What is important about the city Jerusalem? Jerusalem includes many sacred sites to three different religions. Jews, Christian, and Muslims have lived here for centuries and all share common traits. They all got their start in Southwest Asia.
What is Monotheism? Monotheism is belief in one god. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are all monotheistic religions. Judaism was the first monotheist religion.
What is Polytheism? Polytheism is belief in multiple gods.
Who was Abraham? A man from the city of Ur, in southeastern Mesopotamia who settled in Canaan, which is now the land of Israel. Abraham’s descendents are known as Jews, and there religious belief is called Judaism. A man from the city of Ur, in southeastern Mesopotamia who settled in Canaan, which is now the land of Israel. Abraham’s descendents are known as Jews, and there religious belief is called Judaism.
What is Judaism? The first monotheistic religion founded by Abraham. The practice of worship with prayer, study, and good deeds.
Who was Jesus? Jesus was born in Bethlehem and grew up in Galilee. After being baptized he traveled around the countryside preaching a religion of love and forgiveness and performing miracles. Those who believed in him and his teachings were called Christians
What is Scripture? Scripture is sacred writing.
What does Exile mean? Exile is forced removal from your native country. Exile has been part of the history of Judaism.
What is a messiah? A messiah is like a savior.
What does baptize mean? Baptize means to purify and admit to a new way of life. It is part of Christian beliefs.
What is Christianity? Christianity is a religion that developed from Judaism.
What does resurrect mean? Resurrect means to bring back to life. Christians believe Jesus was resurrected after he was crucified by the Romans.
What is a Disciple? Disciple means a follower of the teachings of another.
What does Crucify mean? Crucify means to be put to death by tying the hands and feet to a cross. This was a common form of execution in ancient Rome.
Who was Muhammad? Muhammad was the founder of the Muslim religion. Followers of Islam consider it disrespectful to display images of Muhammad.
What is Islam? Islam is a religion founded by Muhammad.
What does Muslim mean? Muslim means a believer in Islam.
What is the Qur’an? Qur’an is the sacred text of Islam collected by Gabriel
What is a prophet? A prophet is a person who speaks through divine inspiration. Most religions have a prophet.
What are the Five Pillars of Islam? The Five Pillars of Islam are the most important teachings of Muhammad
What is a theocracy? Theocracy is a government rule from a religious leader