Presentation on theme: "East Stroudsburg University Grants Writing Workshop February 27, 2015"— Presentation transcript:
1 East Stroudsburg University Grants Writing Workshop February 27, 2015 Jeanne M Manson, PhD, MSCE
2 Topics Covered Federal Grants; Part I (grants.nih.gov) Private Foundation Grants, Part II (http://foundationcenter.org
3 Federal Grants Department of Homeland Security National Endowment for the ArtsDepartment of StateDepartment of LaborNational Endowment for HumanitiesDepartment Veterans AffairsNational Institute of HealthNational Science FoundationEnvironmental Protection AgencyFood and Drug Administration
4 NIH Institute Centers National Cancer Institute (NCI) National Eye Institute ((NEI)National Heart, Lung Blood (NHLBI)National Human Genome Research Institute ((NHGRI)National Institute on Aging (NIA)National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal/Skin Diseases (NIAMS)National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering ((NIBIB)National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)National Institute on Deafness and Communication Disorders (NIDCD)National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research (NIDCR)National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive/Kidney Disease (NIDDK)National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences
5 26 Institute Centers with intramural and extramural programs NIH Institute CentersNational Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)National Institute of Mental Health (NIMHNational Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD)National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR)National Library of Medicine (NLM)Center for Information Technology (CIT)Center for Scientific Review ((CSR)National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH)National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS)NIH Clinical Center26 Institute Centers with intramural and extramural programs
6 Develop a StrategyPlanning on your own: It can take a significant amount of time to get organized, refine your ideas, collect preliminary data, write the grant application, obtain institutional approval for your budget, and approval for working with human subjects or animal subjects, etc.Develop a realistic timeline that includes draft application deadlines, and give yourself enough time to meet them.Plan for 3 months from start to finish, and 3 drafts of the application.
7 Develop a StrategyPlanning within your organization: Plan your timeline to ensure you get your application to your Office of Sponsored Research on time, especially when collaborating investigators are involved.Find someone at your institution who can assist you in understanding all the steps necessary to complete your application. This person may be in a central grants office, another investigator, a departmental administrator, or a mentor.Select the right type of grant application:
8 Types of Funding Opportunity Announcements Receipt DateMoney Set AsidePeer ReviewSpecificity of TopicAdvantageParent AnnouncementStandard receipt dates(Jan 25, May 25, Sept 25)NoneStanding committees in CSRInvestigator initiated unsolicited researchMay submit any topic within the breadth of the NIH missionSpecific Program Announcement (PA)Often broadly defined or a reminder of a scientific need;Competition tied mainly to the IC's overall paylineRequest for Applications (RFA)SingleSpecifies funds and targets number of awardsSame review committee (Special Emphasis Panel) for all applications convened on a one-time basisNIH-Requested Research; Well-defined scientific areaCompetition depends on number of applicants and dollars set aside
9 Utilization by Institute Centers Research GrantsType of GrantPurposeUtilization by Institute CentersFunding LevelsR01Used to support discrete, specified, circumscribed research projectsNIH’s most commonly used grant programNo specified dollar amount; generally awarded for 3-5 yrsR03Limited funding for a short period of time to support a variety of projects, including: pilot or feasibility studies, collection of preliminary data, secondary analysis of existing data, etcUtilized by more than half of Institute Centers (IC)Limited to 2 yrs funding; direct costs up to $50,000R13Used to support conferences and scientific meetingsRequires advanced permission from the ICSupport for up to 5 yrs possible; amounts varyR15Support small research projects in the biomedical and behavioral sciences in schools that have not been major recipients of NIH research grant fundsNo preliminary data necessary; most ICs utilizeDirect cost limited to $300,000 over entire project period ; limited to 3 yrs
10 Utilization by Institute Centers Research GrantsType of GrantPurposeUtilization by Institute CentersFunding LevelsR21Encourages new, exploratory research projects by providing support for the early stages of project development. Sometimes used for pilot and feasibility studies.No preliminary data necessary; most ICs utilizeLimited to 2 yrs funding up to $275,000 direct costsR41/42Small business technology transfer; assists small business and research communities in commercializing innovative technologiesUtilized by more than half of Institute Centers (IC)I, feasibility study 1 yr $150,000; II full R&D effort $1,000,000; III, commercialization phase no NIH fundingR43/44Small business innovative researchUtilized by most ICSame as aboveR56High priority, short-term project awardWill fund for 1-2yrs high-priority new or competing renewal R01 applications with priority scores that fall just outside the funding limits of IC.Investigators may not apply for R56 grants; decisions made by IC
11 Utilization by Institute Centers Research GrantsType of GrantPurposeUtilization by Institute CentersFunding LevelsU01Research project cooperative agreement; supports discrete, specified, circumscribed projects to be performed by investigator(s) in an area representing their specific interests and competenciesUsed when substantial programmatic involvement is anticipated between the awarding Institute and CenterNo specified dollar amountK99/R00Pathway to independence award; candidates have clinical or research doctorates with no more than 5 yrs of postdoctoral trainingRecipient will be expected to compete successfully for an R01 award during the career transition periodProvides up to 5 yrs support; 1-2 years of mentored support for postdoctoral research scientists; up to 3 yrs independent support contingent on obtaining an independent research position
12 Program Project/Center Grants Type of GrantPurposeUtilization by Institute CentersFunding LevelsP01Research program project grantSupport for integrated, multi-project research projects involving a number of independent investigators who share knowledge and common resourcesDollar limit unspecifiedP20Exploratory grants used to support planning activities associated with large program project grantsUtilized by most ICP30Center core grants used to support resources and facilities for program project grantsIntegrated into the program project/center grant but funded independently from themP50Specialized center supports multidisciplinary attack on a specific disease entity or biomedical problem area.Centers serve as regional or national resources for special research purposes
13 Utilization by Institute Centers Resource GrantsType of GrantPurposeUtilization by Institute CentersFunding LevelsR24Resource related research grantsProvide resources for problems where multiple expertise is needed to focus on a single complex problem in biomedical research or to enhance research infrastructureDollar limit unspecifiedR25Education projectsPromote interest in biomedical research, provide additional training in specific areas, and develop ways to disseminate scientific discovery into public health and community applications X01Resource access programsEligible institutions to seek access to NIH research resourcesP50Specialized center supports multidisciplinary attack on a specific disease entity or biomedical problem area.Centers serve as regional or national resources for special research purposes
14 Writing the Application: Get Prepared Carefully read the funding opportunity announcement (FOA) for any special instructions.Solicit feedback from colleagues and/or mentors on your research idea while it is still in the concept state.Prepare an outline following the application framework and structure described in the application guide.Make sure you have adequate preliminary data, if necessary.Develop a feasible timeline with draft application deadlines. Be realistic about the time it can take to write and revise the application.Ask your colleagues or your Office of Sponsored Research for copies of successfully completed NIH grant applications. Examine them closely.Make sure that your institution will allow you enough time to accomplish the research, if funded.Become familiar with the NIH peer review criteria; reviewers will use them to rate your application
15 Is your idea original?Check the literature to verify that the exact project you are considering has not been done before. Search the literature and the NIH RePORTER database to minimize overlap with similar studies.Assess the competition. See which projects in your field are being funded, and consider turning competitors into collaborators to improve the strength of your proposal.Carve out a niche that will allow you to significantly advance knowledge in your respective field.
16 Peer Review Process Scientific Review Officer (SRO) -responsible for ensuring applications receive an objective and fair review-Recruits qualified reviewers (2 per application)-Evaluates any conflicts of interest between reviewers and applicants-an excellent contact person to interpret the process and goals of the programReviewers-Identify reviewers from the SRO-Determine most likely reviewers of your application (do not contact reviewers)-Make recommendations concerning the scientific and technical merit of applications under review, in the form of final written comments and numerical scores.
17 NIH Peer Review Criteria Overall Impact. Reviewers will provide an overall impact/priority score to reflect their assessment of the likelihood for the project to exert a sustained, powerful influence on the research field(s) involved.Significance. Does the project address an important problem or a critical barrier to progress in the field? If the aims of the project are achieved, how will scientific knowledge, technical capability, and/or clinical practice be improved?Investigator(s). Are the PD/PI well suited to the project? If Early Stage Investigators, do they have appropriate experience and training? If established, have they demonstrated an ongoing record of accomplishments that have advanced their field(s)?Innovation. Does the application challenge and seek to shift current research or clinical practice paradigms by utilizing novel theoretical concepts, approaches or methodologies, instrumentation, or interventions?Approach. Are the overall strategy, methodology, and analyses well-reasoned and appropriate to accomplish the specific aims of the project? Are potential problems, alternative strategies, and benchmarks for success presented? If the project is in the early stages of development, will the strategy establish feasibility and will particularly risky aspects be managed
18 NIH Peer Review Process Environment. Will the scientific environment in which the work is to be done contribute to the probability of success? Are the institutional support, equipment and other physical resources available to the investigators adequate for the project proposed?Additional review criteria. Protections for Human Subjects, Inclusion of Women, Minorities, and Children, Vertebrate Animals, Biohazards, Resubmission, Renewal, RevisionScoring. The NIH utilizes a 9-point rating scale (1 = exceptional; 9 = poor) for all applications. Before the SRG meeting, each reviewer and discussant assigned to an application gives a separate score for each of the five review criteria. For each application that is discussed at the meeting, a final impact score is given by each committee member; scores are then averaged.Appeals. Investigators may request reconsideration of the initial review results if, after consideration of the summary statement, they believe the review process was flawed (get advice before doing this).
19 Start WritingAbstract: write this section at the very end. It should be clear, concise and compellingSpecific Aims: Limit to no more than 4. Be sure the first objective is readily obtainable.Background and Significance: Review of the literature; highlight what is known and where critical data gaps exist; stress the significance of your proposed work. Generate an hypothesis on how you will address critical data gaps.Preliminary Results: Demonstrate mastery of technology proposed.Research Design and Methodology: Be specific!Anticipated Results; Be compelling, talk about benefits rather than process
20 Common Mistakes in Grant Writing Problems with SignificanceNot significant nor exciting new research; lack of compelling rationale; incremental and low impact researchProblems with ApproachToo ambitious, too much work proposed;Unfocused aims, unclear goals;Limited aims and uncertain future directions;Too much unnecessary experimental detail;Not enough detail on approaches, especially untested ones;Not enough preliminary data to establish feasibility;Feasibility of each aim not shown;Little or no expertise with approach;Lack of appropriate controls;Not directly testing hypothesis;Inadequate consideration of power;Experiments not directed towards mechanisms;No discussion of alternative models or hypotheses;No discussion of potential pitfalls;No discussion of interpretation of data.
21 Common Mistakes in Grant Writing Problems with InnovationNot clearly addressed in application;Not innovativeProblems with InvestigatorInadequate demonstration of expertise or publications in approaches;Low productivity, few recent papers;No collaborators recruited or no letters from collaborators;Need a more senior collaboratorProblems with EnvironmentLittle demonstration of institutional support;Little or no necessary equipment;Little evidence of effective collaboration among institutions, if applicable.
22 What to Do If you Are not Funded Read your summary statement carefully to answer two questions: Are the application's problems fixable? Was it reviewed by the right study section?Contact the Program Officer to help you understand your summary statement and possibly give you more insights into the review meeting.Connect with senior colleagues, mentors, or other investigators at your institution to get their opinion on the reviewers' critiques and advice on how to proceed.Maybe you were assigned to the wrong study section: Did the reviewers' expertise fit your topic? Were they knowledgeable about your methods? Did they understand the rationale for your research?The following problems are either not fixable or nearly impossible to correct; low-impact research topic; philosophical issues, e.g., the reviewers do not think the work is important; hypothesis is not sound or not supported by the data; work has already been done; methods proposed were not suitable for testing the hypothesis. If these problems exist, start over with a new topic.If these problems do not exist, revise and resubmit your application as soon as possible.