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1. 1. Subject verb agreement 2. Articles and determiners 7. Prepositions6. Relative Pronouns 5. Pronouns4. Intensifiers 9. Verb Forms (Infinitives/ gerunds,

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Presentation on theme: "1. 1. Subject verb agreement 2. Articles and determiners 7. Prepositions6. Relative Pronouns 5. Pronouns4. Intensifiers 9. Verb Forms (Infinitives/ gerunds,"— Presentation transcript:

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2 1. Subject verb agreement 2. Articles and determiners 7. Prepositions6. Relative Pronouns 5. Pronouns4. Intensifiers 9. Verb Forms (Infinitives/ gerunds, etc.) 8. Verb Forms (Tense/ aspect/ voice) 3. Quantifiers15. Comparatives and Superlatives 14. Subordinating Conjunctions 13. Coordinating Conjunctions 12. Conditionals11. Modals10. Questions Parts Of Speech 16. Word Order 2

3 1. Subject Verb Agreement 1. He plays tennis. 2. They play tennis. 3. There is a book on the shelf. 4. There are 3 books on the shelf. 5. I have a car. 6. She has 3 sons. She – It – The school – Fatma – Hamad I – We – You – Our neighbours - Cats 3 Main

4 1. Subject Verb Agreement 1. I can see many girls Several – few – a lot of - some…………… You can find a lot of …………….. Boys I can see 3 boys. Boys’ 4 information Boy’s The boy’s face is happy. The boys’ faces are happy. Main

5 1. Subject Verb Agreement 1.……………….go to the beach every summer. a.He b. She c. We d. It 2. Suddenly, …………..on the theatre. a.they appear b. they appears c.they d. appear 3. There ……….many children in the park. a. is b. has c. plays d. are 4. Mona and Hind …………together. a. study b. studies c. studying d. students 5. People …………..watching television. a. likely b. like c. likes d. liking 6. ……..is writing the letter now. a. I b. He c. We d. They 5 Main

6 2. Articles and determiners 1. This is an apple. 2. I have an uncle. 3. I can see an elephant. 4. There is an orange on the table. 5. They saw an insect. A book – a cat – a dog – a fish – a garden – a hand – a jacket – a key – a lemon – a monkey – a nose – a park – a queen – a rabbit – a snake – a tiger – a van – a wall – a xylophone – a yard – a zone. 6 Main

7 2. Articles and determiners 1.They wear a uniform. 2.They study a unit every week. 5. He is an honest man. 6. It’s an honour to know her. 3. She is a European girl. /j/ Year you 4. She has just got a one-day sick leave. /w/ wear win / כ n I st / / כ nə / 7 Main

8 2. Articles and determiners 1.The sky 2.The sun 3.The moon 4. Yesterday, I saw a film. The film was very interesting. 5. I like the restaurant at the end of this street. 6. Those are the girls I have met at school. 8 Main

9 2. Articles and determiners 1. This is my book. That’s why it’s with me. 2. That book over there is yours. 3. These are my books. That’s why they’re with me. 4. Those books over there are yours. 9 Main

10 2. Articles and determiners 1.Would you like another cup of tea? 2.There is another girl in the class. 3. There are two girls in the class. One of them is Amna but I don’t know the other girl. 4. They have five cars. They will sell one car and they will use the other cars. 5. If you don’t like this colour. I have some other colours. 6. Some people like fruits. Others don’t like them. 7. I know one of them. I don’t know the others. 10 Main

11 2. Articles and determiners I He She It You They We I go to work by my own car. He goes to work by his own car. She goes to work by her own car. It cleans its own body. You may go to work with your own car. They go to work with their own car. We go to work with our own car. 11 Main

12 2. Articles and determiners 1.Do you have ……………happy character? a. a b. an c. the d. no article 2. I have four sisters. One of them is a doctor. …….. are students. a. Other b. Another c. The other d. The others 3. ………new student has come to our class. a. Other b. Another c. The other d. The others 4. Can you see ……….car at the end of the street. a. this b. that c. these d. those 5. I can see ………..Arabian Gulf on the map. a. a b. an c. the d. zero article 6. Write ……………own homework, please. a. you b. your c. yours d. yourself 7. Would you like to have……………..lunch now or later? a. a b. an c. the d. ………… 8. Have they joined …..university or not? a. a b. an c. the d. some 12 Main

13 3. Quantifiers Uncountable Countable 13 many someanymuch moreall enoughlittlefew eacha number of An amount of Plenty ofThe whole none Main

14 3. Quantifiers Many books Few houses Every pen Each child A number of stories None of the schools Some Any More All Enough Plenty of The whole Much rice Little money An amount of information Uncountable Countable 14 Main

15 3. Quantifiers UncountableCountable newsfurniturepeoplewater advicerock airtimeteasituation 15 saladtime Main

16 3. Quantifiers 16 1.I have some ideas. 2.I don’t have any ideas. Some any 3. Do we have any milk in the fridge? 4. Would you like some tea? Main

17 3. Quantifiers 17 enough Adj. / noun 1. We have enough sugar for the cake. 2. He is poor enough. 3. We have enough sugar for the cake. 4. We have enough sugar to make a cake. Main

18 3. Quantifiers 18 1.I have……………………friends. a. a lot b. lots c. a lot of d. much 2. They have never visited………….foreign country. a. all b. many c. some d. any 3. Too………….food is not beneficial for our health. a. many b. much c. some d. few 4. I got two gifts but I liked…………….of them. a. any b. some c. plenty d. none 5. She bought several……………… a. books b. milk c. book d. sugar 6.They are brave ………… to fight their enemy. a. some b. much c. any d. enough Main

19 19 4. Intensifiers 1.Beautiful 2.Very beautiful 3.Nicely 4.More nicely (She behaved more nicely than I expected.) 5.Bad 6.Too bad Main

20 20 4. Intensifiers Positive Negative veryawfullyprettytoorather Main

21 21 4. Intensifiers Fairly =About 50 % / middle / reasonably Not so good = bad Ever so often=frequently Ever so friendly= Very friendly Main

22 22 4. Intensifiers 1.Very 2.Quite 3.Awfully 4.Really 5. pretty 6. too 7.Fairly 8.More 9.rather 10. Most 11. still 12. even 13. Much 14.somewhat 15. not so 16. ever so 17. so 18. less Main

23 23 4. Intensifiers 1.Thank you …………….much. a. too b. very c. rather d. awfully 2. I’m………………fat. I need to lose weight. a. very b. pretty c. nice d. too 3. It’s a………….difficult. You can answer it in a few minutes. a. too b. very c. bit d. pretty 4. He works ……………… better than before. a. much b. any c. most d. too 5. The race was held on the……………hottest day of the week. a. not so b. much c. most d. ever so Main

24 24 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns I He She It You They We ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

25 25 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMe He She It You They We ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

26 26 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMe HeHim She It You They We ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

27 27 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMe HeHim SheHer It You They We ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

28 28 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMe HeHim SheHer It You They We ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

29 29 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMe HeHim SheHer It You They We ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

30 30 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMe HeHim SheHer It You TheyThem We ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

31 31 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMe HeHim SheHer It You TheyThem Weus ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

32 32 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMeMy HeHim SheHer It You TheyThem Weus ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

33 33 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMeMy HeHimHis SheHer It You TheyThem Weus ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

34 34 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMeMy HeHimHis SheHer It You TheyThem Weus ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

35 35 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMeMy HeHimHis SheHer It Its You TheyThem Weus ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror.

36 36 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMeMy HeHimHis SheHer It Its You Your TheyThem Weus ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

37 37 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMeMy HeHimHis SheHer It Its You Your TheyThemTheir Weus ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

38 38 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMeMy HeHimHis SheHer It Its You Your TheyThemTheir Weusour ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

39 39 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMeMyMine HeHimHis SheHer It Its You Your TheyThemTheir Weusour ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

40 40 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMeMyMine HeHimHis SheHer It Its You Your TheyThemTheir Weusour ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

41 41 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMeMyMine HeHimHis SheHer Hers It Its You Your TheyThemTheir Weusour ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

42 42 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMeMyMine HeHimHis SheHer Hers It Its You Your TheyThemTheir Weusour ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

43 43 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMeMyMine HeHimHis SheHer Hers It Its You Your Yours TheyThemTheir Weusour ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

44 44 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMeMyMine HeHimHis SheHer Hers It Its You YourYours TheyThemTheirTheirs Weusour ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

45 45 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMeMyMine HeHimHis SheHer Hers It Its You YourYours TheyThemTheirTheirs Weusourours ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

46 46 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMeMyMineMyself HeHimHis SheHer Hers It Its You YourYours TheyThemTheirTheirs Weusourours ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

47 47 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMeMyMineMyself HeHimHis Himself SheHer Hers It Its You YourYours TheyThemTheirTheirs Weusourours ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

48 48 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMeMyMineMyself HeHimHis Himself SheHer HersHerself It Its You YourYours TheyThemTheirTheirs Weusourours ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

49 49 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMeMyMineMyself HeHimHis Himself SheHer HersHerself It Its Itself You YourYours TheyThemTheirTheirs Weusourours ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

50 50 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMeMyMineMyself HeHimHis Himself SheHer HersHerself It Its Itself You YourYours Yourself/ TheyThemTheirTheirs Weusourours ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

51 51 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMeMyMineMyself HeHimHis Himself SheHer HersHerself It Its Itself You YourYours Yourself/ yourselves TheyThemTheirTheirs Weusourours ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

52 52 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMeMyMineMyself HeHimHis Himself SheHer HersHerself It Its Itself You YourYours Yourself/ yourselves TheyThemTheirTheirsthemselves Weusourours ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

53 53 5. Pronouns SubjectObject Adjectival Pronouns Possessive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns IMeMyMineMyself HeHimHis Himself SheHer HersHerself It Its Itself You YourYours Yourself/ yourselves TheyThemTheirTheirsthemselves WeusouroursOurselves ………. drank milk. Maha saw …………… This is …….. house. This house is………. I can see myself in the mirror. Main

54 54 5. Pronouns 1.Someone is at the door. 2. Everyone knows him. 3. Everything is available at this supermarket. But they are expensive. 4. Something has been changed. 5. There is a pen on the desk. 6. There is some sugar in the kitchen. 7. There are a lot of eggs in the fridge. 5. There is a pen on the desk. 6. There is some sugar in the kitchen. 7. There are a lot of eggs in the fridge. Main

55 55 5. Pronouns Main

56 56 1.This is the girl …………….I know from the party. 2.This is the girl …………….I know from the party. 3.This is the girl …………….I know from the party. 4. Can you see the lady ……….…..blouse is red? who that whom whose 5. I need the pen…………is on the desk. 6. I need the pen…………is on the desk. 7. I like the cat…………..colour is white. which that whose Main

57 57 1.This is the place……………. I like most. 2.Dubai is a city…………….you can find all types of services. 3.Summer is the time…………we enjoy visiting the beach. 4.It was September ………….school started. that where when Main

58 58 1.Let’s visit the house…………..we used to live. a. when b. where c. who d. whom 2. The boy,……….sits there, is very smart. a. who b. whom c. whose d. which 3.Some people………are rich don’t like having cars. a. that b. whose c. where d. which 4. The doctor,…………..daughter is clever, is very proud. a. that b. whose c. where d. which 5. Hajar likes spring………..she can enjoy visiting the parks. a. when b. where c. who d. whom 6.Smoking, …………is dangerous, is reducing. a. who b. whom c. whose d. which 7.Have you visited Paris, ………….is the capital of France? a. where b. that c. who d. when Main

59 59 at The doctor’s - home Night - the moment - the same time - 6:00 - 7:75 - laugh – look - point good – bad - annoyed Main at

60 60 in The box – the fridge – the middle – front of The morning – the evening – the afternoon – summer – 1993 – January Believe – succeed increase – decrease – rise – fall – cash intrested Main in  

61 61 on her finger – board – The (floor –desk –wall–paper) Saturday – January 15 th concentrate – depend – rely – comment keen Main Holiday – business –a trip – a tour – an excursion – a cruise – an expedition – speed Holiday – business –a trip – a tour – an excursion – a cruise – an expedition – speed on

62 62 by The cinema Saturday – 1991 – December – autumn pass Accident – chance – mistake – Taxi – sea – him – cheque/check Main

63 63 of Consist – approve – accuse – die – take care Advantage – disadvantage – cause – photograph – picture – map – plan – drawing – door – pen nice – kind – good – generous – polite – stupid – silly – clever – sensible – polite Afraid – frightened – proud – source – aware – tired – sick – sure – certain – ashamed – jealous – envious – suspicious – aware – conscious – capable - short – fond nice – kind – good – generous – polite – stupid – silly – clever – sensible – polite Afraid – frightened – proud – source – aware – tired – sick – sure – certain – ashamed – jealous – envious – suspicious – aware – conscious – capable - short – fond Main

64 64 to go – fly – agree – refuse – offer – decide – want – hope – deserve – promise – plan – manage – afford – threaten – arrange – fail – forget – learn – seem – appear – tend – pretend – claim – talk – write – listen – belong damage – invitation – solution – key – answer – reply – reaction – attitude – married – engaged – similar – pleased – afraid – amazed – eager – careful – proud – shocked – sad – sorry – curious – disappointed – happy – lucky – pleased – willing Main

65 65 for Wait – apologize – pay – ask someone - look cheque – demand – need – reason Famous - responsible Main

66 66 about complain – worry – wonder excited – worried – upset – nervous – happy with relationship – connection – familiar – contact furious – angry – provide – Main

67 67 Look for after at up forward to Stop to for talk To/ with about Main

68 68 get on off Put on off At the end = ≠ at the beginning (of something) ≠ at the beginning (of something) finally take in the end = Main

69 69 From………….to……………. He gave me a pen. He gave a pen to me. He gave me a pen. He gave a pen to me. used To for between among Main

70 70 into onto motion Main

71 71 1.There is a new supermarket………the end of our street. a. in b. at c. of d. with 2.My brother is not aware ……….the problem. a. with b. at c. in d. of 3. They arrived ………..Dubai on Monday morning. a. by b. for c. on d. in 4.The plane travels…………a very high speed. a. for b. at c. on d. over 5. They sit …………..the beautiful trees. a. in b. between c. among d. for 6. They open the door …………. a key. a. by b. with c. for d. in 7.He explained the lesson……….his students. a. for b. in c. at d. to 8. He caused a lot of damage ………… the car. a. for b. in c. at d. to Main

72 72 a. Present simple He likes The sea. She It I like You We They Key words: Always – usually – sometimes – frequently – rarely – never – regularly – every [Monday] Main

73 73 a. Present simple We use the present simple in: 1. She drives well. 2. I brush my teeth after eating. 3. Pure water boils at 100 o C. 4. Tomorrow is Monday. She drives well. She doesn’t drive well. Negative Question Does she drive well? They play tennis. Negative Question They don’t play tennis. Do they play tennis? Main

74 74 a. Present continuous He is writingthe lesson. She It Iam You are We They Key words: Now – at the moment – nowadays – these days – Look! – Listen! Main

75 75 a. Present continuous We use the present continuous in: 1. She is writing the lesson. 2. They are building a hospital. 3. He is using a rented car. 4. I ’m buying a car next month. She is writing the lesson. Negative Question She isn’t writing the lesson. Is she writing the lesson? Main

76 76 b. Past simple He wentto the sea. She It I You We They Key words: Last [Monday] – in [1999] – yesterday – ago – in the past Main

77 77 b. Past simple We use the past simple in: 1. She studied for the exam. She studied for the exam. Negative Question She didn’t study for the exam. Did she study for the exam? Main

78 78 b. Past continuous He was writing the homework. She It I You were We They Key words: At a specific time: Last [Monday] – in [1999] – yesterday – in the past Main

79 79 b. Past continuous We use the past continuous in: 1. She was studying for the exam when I phoned her. She was studying for the exam when I phoned her. Negative Question She wasn’t studying for the exam when I phoned her. Was she studying for the exam when I phoned her? Main

80 80 c. Present perfect He has writtenthe lesson. She It I have You We They Key words: Just – already – recently – lately – ever – never – yet – for – since Main

81 81 c. Present perfect We use the present perfect in: 1. She has just finished her work. She has just finished her work. Negative Question She hasn’t finished her work yet. or She has never finished her work. Has she finished her work yet? Main

82 82 d. Past perfect He hadwrittenthe lesson. She It I You We They Key words: never – yet – after – before – when

83 83 d. Past Perfect We use the past perfect in: 1. When I phoned her, she had studied for the exam. When I phoned her, she had studied for the exam. Negative Question When I phoned her, she hadn’t studied for the exam yet. Had she studied for the exam When you phoned her? Main

84 84 e. Present perfect continuous He has beenwriting the lesson. She It I have You We They Key words: recently – lately – for – since Main

85 85 e. Present perfect continuous We use the present perfect continuous in: 1. She has been running for an hour. She seems tired. Negative Question She has not been running for an hour. She seems tired. Has she been running for an hour? She seems tired. Main

86 86 f. future We use “will” in: 1. She will go with us. 2. It is going to rain. Main

87 87 g. passive 1. The mail is brought every morning. 2. The car was destroyed in the crash. not Main

88 88 h. imperatives 1. Open the door, please. 2. Give me your pen, please. Don’t Don’t be lazy. Never be lazy. Main

89 89 Questions: 1.Next month …………………. January. a. is b. will c. will be d. is going to be 2. Sheikh Zayed ……………..a lot of trees. a. plants b. planted c. had planted d. will plant 3. ………………………Japan? a. Did you ever visit b. Do you ever visit c. Are you ever visiting d. Have you ever visited 4. Be careful! You……………… in the hole. a. fall b. will fall c. are going to fall d. are falling 5. I was writing my homework when you……………….me. a. phone b. phoned c. had phoned d. will phone 6. My father works in Dubai. But he …………..in Abu Dhabi this month. a. works b. will work c. has worked d. is working 7. The doctor couldn’t help her because he came after she…… a. dies b. died c. was dying d. had died Main

90 90 Infinitive ( to go/ to be…….) 1- After some verbs - stop, decide, want …………………..etc. - would like 1- After some verbs - stop, decide, want …………………..etc. - would like 2- After some adjectives pleased – afraid – amazed – eager – careful – proud – shocked – sad – sorry – curious – disappointed – happy – lucky –willing 2- After some adjectives pleased – afraid – amazed – eager – careful – proud – shocked – sad – sorry – curious – disappointed – happy – lucky –willing Main

91 91Gerund 1- At the beginning of the sentence that has another verb. -Walking on the beach is interesting. 2- After prepositions - He is interested in drawing. - Wash your hands after eating. 3- After some verbs - mind, like, enjoy, …………….etc. - can’t stand, can’t bear, can’t help…..etc. 4- After “How about” and “What about” 1- At the beginning of the sentence that has another verb. -Walking on the beach is interesting. 2- After prepositions - He is interested in drawing. - Wash your hands after eating. 3- After some verbs - mind, like, enjoy, …………….etc. - can’t stand, can’t bear, can’t help…..etc. 4- After “How about” and “What about” Main

92 92 Gerund/ Infinitive Main 1. He used tosmoke when he was younger. 2. He is used tosmoking in the morning. 4. A ruler used to 3. She got used todriving slowly. draw lines. 5. A ruler is used for drawing lines.

93 93 Causative have/ make 1.We had our house painted. 2. They make me laugh. Main

94 94 -ed/ -ing adjectives 1.She is an interesting girl. 2. She is interested in technology. Main

95 95Questions 1- He is used to…………… a.smoke b. smoking c. smokes d. smoked 2. A ruler is used to…………..lines. a.draw b. drawing c. draws d. drew 3. A pen is used for………………… a.write b. writing c. writes d. wrote 4. She’d like…………………. with us. a.go b. goes c. to go d. going 5. I’m proud ………………..your friend. a.am b. be c. being d. to be 6. Ablution should be before…………………. a.pray b. to pray c. praying d. prayed 7. I usually have my hair……………every year. a. cut b. cutting c. is cut d. cuts 1- He is used to…………… a.smoke b. smoking c. smokes d. smoked 2. A ruler is used to…………..lines. a.draw b. drawing c. draws d. drew 3. A pen is used for………………… a.write b. writing c. writes d. wrote 4. She’d like…………………. with us. a.go b. goes c. to go d. going 5. I’m proud ………………..your friend. a.am b. be c. being d. to be 6. Ablution should be before…………………. a.pray b. to pray c. praying d. prayed 7. I usually have my hair……………every year. a. cut b. cutting c. is cut d. cuts Main

96 96 (1. Question Word) What Where When How. etc What Where When How. etc 2. Helping verb/ Auxiliary do does did will must can could am is are was has have had do does did will must can could am is are was has have had 3. Subject Mona Ahmed he she it they. etc Mona Ahmed he she it they. etc 4. Main Verb play Go write sleep ( playing) (writing) (going) spoken gone played play Go write sleep ( playing) (writing) (going) spoken gone played 5. ( Object/ Complem ent) the lesson my bag tennis. etc the lesson my bag tennis. etc 6. place - here - on the table - at home - here - on the table - at home 7. Time at 7:43 Now. etc at 7:43 Now. etc Main

97 97 1. How manybooksdo you have? 2. How muchricehave we got? 3. What/ Which Color Sort School film do you prefer? 4. Whoplaysmusic well? Main

98 98 Main 1. She is a student,isn’t she? 2. They play tennis,don’t they? 3. He doesn’t play well,does he? 4. Let’s go out for a walk,shall we? 5. Open the door,will you? 6. I am late,aren’t I?

99 99 1- ….you buy all the groceries on the list? a.Is b. Does c. Did d. Are 2. Which sentence is correct English? a. Often she swim in the sea does? b. She often swim in the sea does? c. Does she often swim in the sea? d. Does she often in the sea swim? 3. Why ……….she speak English all the time? a.must b. is c. do d. were 4. How…………are in the class? a.many b. many student c. many a student d. many students 5. How long …………..they worked? a. Do b. did c. are d. have 1- ….you buy all the groceries on the list? a.Is b. Does c. Did d. Are 2. Which sentence is correct English? a. Often she swim in the sea does? b. She often swim in the sea does? c. Does she often swim in the sea? d. Does she often in the sea swim? 3. Why ……….she speak English all the time? a.must b. is c. do d. were 4. How…………are in the class? a.many b. many student c. many a student d. many students 5. How long …………..they worked? a. Do b. did c. are d. have Main

100 100 Modals followed by “to”: - able to have to ought to need to Main

101 101 To express “ability”: able to can could Main

102 102 To express “obligation”: have to must mustn’t ought to need to - should Main

103 103 To express “absence of obligation”: needn’t ( go - play ……) don’t have to Main

104 104 To express “possibility”: may might could Main

105 105 To express “prediction”: must can can’t will - going to Main

106 106 To express “permission”: can may could Main

107 107 To express “advice”: should Main

108 We....leave now so we can arrive there before dark. a. mustn’t b. should c. may d. needn’t 2. While you are living here, you…….follow the house rules. a. must b. have c. ought d. need 3. We need ………some more milk. a. Buying b. buys c. to buy d. bought 4. Like any top musician, he…..to practice hard. a. must b. can c. should d. had 5. I’m not sure what to do tonight. I……go to the cinema. a. will b. would c. might d. must 6. The doctor says he will never….play tennis again after his accident. a. Can b. could c. be able to d. able to Main

109 109 First Conditional If + Present Simple Will/ can/ may/ must + infinitive,, If you study hard,, you will pass the exam. Or You will pass the exam if you study hard. Main

110 110 Second Conditional If + Past Simple Would/ could/ might + infinitive,, If I were a bird,, I would fly to Canada. Or I would fly to Canada if I were a bird. Main

111 111 Third Conditional If + had + pp Would/ could/ might + have + pp,, If I had planned well,, I would have won. Or I would have won if I had planned well. Main

112 112 Zero Conditional If + present simple Present Simple,, If you heat pure water,, It boils at 100 o C. Or Water boils at 100 o C if you heat it. Main

113 113 If you arrive early,, phone me. Unless If not = If you arrive early,, You can meet her. Unless you arrive early,, You can’t meet her. Main

114 114 Omitting “if” If I were you, I wouldn't get involved. were I you, I wouldn't get involved. If I had known, I would have said something. Had I known, I would have said something. Main

115 115 Questions 1.……….you obey your father, he will punish you. a.If b. if not c. unless d. when 2. If you visited Paris, you………………happy. a.Will b. will be c. would d. would be 3. I would have bought the necklace if I ……………money. a. Have b. have had c. had had d. would have 4. If today is Sunday, tomorrow ………….Monday. a.is b. will c. will be d. would be 5. What……………if you were a princess? a.will you do b. can you do c. Would you do d. have you done 6. If I had had more money, I ……………… it. a.will buy b. will have bought c. would buy d. would have bought Main

116 Coordinating Conjunctions Serving to connect two grammatical constituents of identical construction Main

117 Coordinating Conjunctions write or Huda poor buthappy Nada and read Nicely yetloudly Main

118 Coordinating Conjunctions she answered well. so She passed the exam I wear glasses She didn’t come earlynor I see clearly. for did she phone us. Main

119 Coordinating Conjunctions Both ….and….. Both Mona and Fatma are students. To get this job, you should both ………. and …………English well. speak write She drives both …………..…and…………... carefully skillfully Main

120 Coordinating Conjunctions either ….or….. Either Mona or Fatma is a student. To get this job, you should either ………. or …………English well. speak write Main

121 Coordinating Conjunctions neither ….nor….. Neither Mona nor Fatma is a student. To get this job, you should neither ………. nor …………English badly. speak write She drives neither …………..…nor…………... carefully skillfully Main

122 Coordinating Conjunctions not only ….but…..also Fatma is active. She is clever. Fatma is not only active but also she is clever. Fatma is not only active but she is also clever. Fatma is not only active but she is clever also. Not only is Fatma active but she is clever also. Main

123 123 "'when' in 'I will come when I can' is a subordinating conjunction" Serving to connect a subordinate clause to a main clause 14. Subordinating conjunctions Main

124 Subordinating conjunctions Fatma is present. She is ill. Fatma is present although She is ill. Fatma is present despite being ill. Fatma is present in spite of illness. Although = though = even though. Fatma is ill, however, she is present. Main

125 Subordinating conjunctions Huda studies hard. She wants to pass the exam. Huda studies hard in order to pass the exam. Huda studies hard in order that she can pass the exam. Huda studies hard so that she can pass the exam. Huda studies hard to pass the exam. Huda studies hard. So she will pass the exam. Main

126 Subordinating conjunctions In case – until – till He wears two watches in case one of them stops. Wait here till/ until I come back. I stayed in bed until half past ten. I’ll be working until 11:00. Main

127 Subordinating conjunctions as long as I will help you as long as you come on time. even if She can’t get a full mark even if she studies hard. It is late and thus we must go. thus Main

128 Conjunctionsbecause I bought an umbrella because it was raining. because of I bought an umbrella because of the rain. Main

129 Conjunctionswhile I met her while I was in the party. during So - Neither I met her during the party. So did I. She is not here. Neither is her friend. Main

130 Conjunctionstoo She is happy. I’m happy, too. either She isn’t happy. I’m not happy, either. Main

131 Coordinating and Subordinating conjunctions 1………………she was late, she didn’t attend the class. 2…………her sister explained the lesson for her. 3……… she answered the whole test correctly. 4…………she 5…………her sister were happy to know her score. 1.a. Although b. But c. Because d. So 2.a. Yet b. Neither c. Either d. Despite 3.a. In case b. So c. For d. But 4.a. Neither b. Both c. Either d. All 5.a. or b. nor c. and d. of Main

132 132 The blue bar is ………………… the red bar. longer than The blue bar is ………………… the pink bar. as long as The green bar is ………………one. the longest Main

133 133 A car is ……………………………….. a pen. more expensive than A car is ……………………………….. a villa. less expensive than The villa is…………………………. one. the most expensive Main

134 134 The tea is …………….. to drink. too hot The tea is …………….. …………..to drink. too hot for me Main

135 Statement Subject HeWe Our aim The idea An eye 2. Verb isplay has gone did (3.) (object/ complement) him the fan for it 4. Main

136 time Subject HeWe Our aim The idea An eye 2. Verb isplay has gone did (3.) (object/ complement) him the fan for it Main

137 time Subject HeWe Our aim The idea An eye 2. Verb isplay has gone did (3.) (object/ complement) him the fan for it place Main

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