Presentation on theme: "Compositi on Unity Form Literature Balance Proportion sociology Renaissance Word Splash Medicine economies."— Presentation transcript:
Compositi on Unity Form Literature Balance Proportion sociology Renaissance Word Splash Medicine economies
Medicine Economies Technology Art Science Philosophy Literature Music Renaissance means Rebirth.
Period of light after 1000 years of darkness. RE-birth RE-discovery of Greek & Latin texts RE-consideration of accepted beliefs RE-direction of energies - away from strictly religious thought
Period of Rebirth → Renaissance ~1300: clocks constructed 1348: Black Death weakens faith in God 14th C Italian artists begin to paint using depth perception 1453: Constantinople falls to Turks; Greek Christians take their knowledge to Europe. 1455: Gutenberg prints first book, the Bible 1492: Europe discovers the Americas 1517: Martin Luther begins Protestant Reformation. 1520: Copernicus discovers that the Earth rotates around the sun…
Medicine Anatomical drawing of dead bodies was allowed again and helped doctors cure people.
Da Vinci’s Drawing of a Foetus This is a drawing of a foetus by Leonardo Da Vinci. This was drawn after the careful dissection and observation of a women who died while pregnant. The important thing to note is the stunning accuracy and detail.
Longitude was discovered during the Renaissance.Longitude was discovered during the Renaissance. The cloc k became highly accurate allowing people to navigate correctly on long ocean voyages.The cloc k became highly accurate allowing people to navigate correctly on long ocean voyages. TechnologyTechnology
Economy In 1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blue, for Money…In 1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blue, for Money… Long ocean voyages allowed global exploration to be accurate and spurned economic trade worldwide.Long ocean voyages allowed global exploration to be accurate and spurned economic trade worldwide.
Renaissance Art Artists experiment with light, depth, shade, color, beauty of form Goal: to capture the human form
See the Difference?
Michelangelo ’ s Work
Botticelli Florentine - depicted natural detail in “ The Birth of Venus ”
da Vinci ’ s Work
Donatello Sculpted first nude since antiquity
Renaissance: 1498 Leonardo da Leonardo da Vinci The Last Supper x 880 cm (15 x 29 ft.)
Late Renaissance Artists Raphael
See the Difference?
Nicholas Copernicus Developed a mathematical model for a Heliocentric solar system
Galileo Galilei ( ) Built the first thermometer and the pendulum clock. Made the first telescopes First to point a telescope to the sky 1992: The Catholic Church reopened the Galileo Trial and reversed its decision 1632: Publishes “ A Dialogue Concerning Two World Systems ” The book ridicules the geocentric position of the Church 1633: Convicted of heresy by the Church and confined to house arrest for the rest of his life
The Moon is Bumpy Galileo the Astronomer Galileo drawings
The Sun Has Spots Galileo the Astronomer Galileo drawings “ The Sun is not the perfect and pure sphere expected of the divine heavens ”
Saturn has rings Galileo the Astronomer Galileo's sketch of 1616 and engraving in The Assayer of “ …the star of Saturn is not a single star, but is a composite of three, which almost touch each other, never change or move relative to each other, and are arranged in a row, and they are situated in this form: oOo. ” (letter to Cosimo Medici II) Saturn shape seems to vary with time
Nicolo Machiavelli “ To be feared is better than to be loved ” Political ends justify the means - justice is secondary to control
Leonardo da Vinci Most famous of Florentines Painter, mathematician, inventor, engineer, musician Worked to show most accurate representation possible Believed in the divinity of nature Art should be inspired by the creator, not for cash
`` Renaissance''--meaning ``rebirth''--is given to a period of broad cultural achievement spanning three centuries, the fourteenth through to the sixteenth centuries. One of the main features of art during the Renaissance were: Foreshortening Foreshortening – portraying an object with the apparent shortening due to visual perspective.
Historical Figures & Events Lorenzo de Medici ( ) Gutenberg Bible (1454) Martin Luther ( ) Henry VIII ( ) First voyage of Columbus (1492) Luther posts his Ninety-Five Theses (1517) Church of England separates from Papacy (1534) Council of Trent (1545) William Shakespeare ( )
The Copernican Revolution 1.Copernicus ( ) revived the idea of a Sun-centered solar system model: However, like Aristarchus, Copernicus’s model was not accurate enough to convince many people. 2.Tycho Brahe ( ) made accurate (arcminutes) nake-eye measurement of planet motion Tycho believed that planets must circle the Sun, but his failure to detect stellar parallax forced him to put the Earth at the center of the system, with the Sun orbiting the Earth, and the planets orbit the Sun. 3.Johannes Kepler ( ) were able to make accurate prediction with his heliocentric model of planetary orbits, agreeing with Tyco ’ s observation Kepler’s initial failure (using prefect circular orbits) to match Tyco’s observation led him to adopt a model with elliptical planetary orbit. 4.Galileo Galilei ’ s ( ) telescopic observations helped solidify the heliocentric view of the solar system.
Symmetry – correct proportion of body parts, grouping of figures so that they are the same on both sides.
Another Botticelli art work
`` Renaissance''--meaning ``rebirth''--is given to a period of broad cultural achievement spanning three centuries, the fourteenth through to the sixteenth centuries. One of the main features of art during the Renaissance were: Humanism - A person who studied the classics was called a humanist. Humanists recreated classical styles in art, literature, and architecture.