Name some of the barriers and student learning concerns that exist in your classes.
28% of first-time, FT, associate degree-seeking CC students graduate with a certificate /associate degree within 3 years 28% of first-time, FT, associate degree-seeking CC students graduate with a certificate /associate degree within 3 years Only 52% of first-time full-time college students in public CCs return for their 2nd year Center for Community College Student Engagement, 2010
National Center for Education Statistics 2008, Special Analysis for CC
50 % completion rate Start college older Tend to be part-timers Likely to interrupt college Work full time
Have families to support More first generation Limited English skills Lower income More with disabilities Bailey, Jenkins, and Leinbach (2005)
9 -problems with time management 8 -recent major loss 6 - history of absenteeism in school 5 -vision problems 3 -hearing problems 2 -had LD in their families 1 -diagnosed LD 1 -had been in Special Education
72 % low income 41 % minority 40% new to college 30 % over 30 years old 20% single parents 9% disabled—(more like 20%)
And Where Did It Come From? What is Universal Design for Learning
" Universal design seeks to encourage attractive, marketable products that are more usable by everyone. It is design for the built environment and consumer products for a very broad definition of user." - Ron Mace 1941-1998 Ron Mace, founder and program director of The Center for Universal Design, N.C. 1941-1998 Ron Mace, founder and program director of The Center for Universal Design, N.C.
1. Equitable in use 2. Flexibility in use 3. Simple and intuitive 4. Perceptible information 5. Tolerance for error 6. Low physical effort 7. Right size and space for approach and use 1941-1998 Ron Mace, founder and program director of The Center for Universal Design, N.C.
Activity: Pair and Share Make it explicit: REPETITION STRATEGY -engagement -expression
Recognition—something you already knew you already knewStrategic—Scaffolding- attaching new to previous information attaching new to previous information Affective-used personal information What did we do?
Encoding -attention, attaching and repeating -attention, attaching and repeatingStorageRetrieval Illustration by Brian Stauffer '93.
Repetition alone is good for rote responses Rehearsal (attaching in multiple ways) promotes deeper learning
Write out a REHEARSAL strategy Make it as detailed as possible Include your name Please post your strategy on the chart. ACTIVITY
Video clip on memorizing Video clip on memorizing Video clip on memorizing Flashcards and Keywords Stories Why Testing Boosts Learning, Scientific Mind, 2/1/2011
The Heart Two phases of the heartbeat: Diastole =Relaxation Systole =Contraction Diastole-systole cardiac cycle : 70-80 times per minute 100,000 times a day Pumps about 5 quarts of blood in a minute
Teach students how memory works and have them practice! Which brain networks? Recognition, Strategic and Affective Multiple means of ? Representation, Engagement and Expression
Retrieval and expression demonstrate learningRetrieval and expression demonstrate learning Self-Testing enhances long term memory more than studyingSelf-Testing enhances long term memory more than studying
Reference David Sousa Degree of Retention Prime-time-2 Down-time Prime-time-1 0 10 20 30 40 Time in Minutes
http://lessonbuilder.cast.org/ Create an account and use the template to work on a lesson plan OR Look at the samples for ideas for how to redesign. Make sure to click on the UDL Connections buttons!
Activity: Online Instruction Group Read “Group Read” the design suggestions on p.112 of the Universal Instructional Design Principles for Moodle article by Tanya Elias, Athabasca University
Meet the needs of diverse learners Be MINDFUL about removing barriers to learning Be MINDFUL about removing barriers to learning Reduce the need for individual accommodations
Does it take more work? Is it hard to do? Is it worth it? Yes, up front to design takes time. It depends on what you do! You decide!
2006-07 survey of students in UDL classrooms -98% reported that UDL positively affected their ability to learn. 2006-07 survey of students in UDL classrooms -98% reported that UDL positively affected their ability to learn.
Fifteen percent of the U.S. population, or one in seven Americans, has some type of learning disability, according to the National Institutes of Health
significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning, or mathematical abilities. Learning Disability- significant difficulties in the acquisition and use of listening, speaking, reading, writing, reasoning, or mathematical abilities. National Joint Committee on Learning Disabilities Definition (1990)
LD includes Central Nervous System Dysfunction Problems in: Self-regulatory behaviorsSelf-regulatory behaviors Social perceptionSocial perception Social interactionSocial interaction “From Here to There with a Learning Disability “Video
Input - getting info in Integration -making sense of info Memory -storing Output -getting info out
What’s it like to have Dyslexia-video What’s it like to have Dyslexia-video
Activity: Dyslexia Simulation Wh at if YqU h Ad a ng dis0rd$r?
Any breed of dog can be kept as pets. Breeding, size, and other features, however, can make some more suitable than others. If one buys a purebred dog, he can select one that has the traits best suited to his needs. He must be sure to get the certificate that that gives the date of birth and certificate number.
As many as 80% of students with learning disabilities have reading problems. reading problems. 20 % of prison population has diagnosed or undiagnosed LD. 50 % has literacy issues. Dyslexia Institute, March 2005.
35% drop out of school 30% of adolescents will be arrested 3 - 5 years out of HS Previously undetected LD has been found in 50% of juvenile delinquents - Once treated their recidivism drops to just 2% www.jamesmessina.com
Activity: LD Quiz On Line http://webs.rtc.edu/udl Under Professional Development
92 Chemical imbalance or deficiency in certain neurotransmitters Rate at which brain uses glucose is lower in ADHD than those without (Zametkin et al, 1990) Depressed release of Dopamine (Volkow et al, 2003 Depressed release of Dopamine (Volkow et al, 2003
without medicineon Adderall Images courtesy of Daniel Amen, MD – Amen Clinics, Inc., Newport Beach, CA ADD -Inattentive
7.5 % of children and adolescents have ADD/ADHD If one person in a family is diagnosed there is a 25% - 35% probability that another one has. --National Institute of Health
From David Sousa, How the Special Needs Brain Learns, 2001ADHDADD Decision Making:ImpulsiveSluggish Attention Seeking:HighLow Assertiveness:HighLow Recognizing Boundaries: PoorGood Popularity:Attracts friends easily but difficulty maintaining Hard to attract friends; more reclusive, but maintains friendships Co Morbidity:O.D.D.Depression
Steve Becker, PhD NORMAL ADD/ADHD Time Threshold when learned
32-40% of students drop out of school Only 5-10% will complete college 50-70% have few or no friends 70-80% under-perform at work 40-50% engage in antisocial activities More likely to experience teen pregnancy & sexually transmitted diseases Have more accidents & speed excessively Experience depression & personality disorders (Barkley, 2002)
Persistence Patience Creativity Empathy Humility Hard working Good social skills Artistic Deep thinkers Independent workers Entrepreneurial
Sometimes called “High- Functioning Autism” (“HFA”) Main dysfunction is trouble with social skills Dr. Temple Grandin, world famous doctor of animal science and author.
ASDADHD Social Awareness NaïveAware FriendshipShySeeks others Personal SpaceUnawareMay violate Social interaction Doesn’t “get it” Can be extreme
ASDADHD MoodDepressedAgitated SpeechFormalRapid AcademicsGoodBelow average RoutineLikesGrows bored
Treatment for TBI video Treatment for TBI video Treatment for TBI video Treatment for TBI video