Presentation on theme: "Tuesday Warm Up – WRITE QUESTION! Who holds the power in a unitary government system? Example? What type of government does Japan have? Who holds the."— Presentation transcript:
Tuesday Warm Up – WRITE QUESTION! Who holds the power in a unitary government system? Example? What type of government does Japan have? Who holds the power? Explain the difference between parliamentary and presidential democracy? India has a FEDERAL government, what does this mean? USE YOUR READING FROM YESTERDAY! 1
Standard SS7CG7 The student will demonstrate an understanding of national governments in Southern and Eastern Asia. Compare and contrast: the federal republic of the Republic of India, the communist state of The People’s Republic of China, and the constitutional monarchy of Japan, distinguishing the form of leadership and the role of the citizen in terms of voting rights and personal freedoms.
Copy this in your Notebook Fill in boxes during the presentation IndiaChinaJapan Type of Government Title of Leader How Leader takes power Role of Citizen Important to Know…
India – Type of Government India is a Federal Republic with an elected parliament. India has 28 states, and 7 union territories. Although India is a republic, individual states are more tightly controlled by the central government than states in the United States.
India – Title of Leader India’s President is Ms. Patil. She is the head of state. India’s Prime Minister is Mr. Singh. He is the head of the government and exercises most executive power.
India – How the leader takes power India’s President (head of state) is elected by an electoral college to 5-year term. The president has all of the powers given by the constitution but is more a figure head. India’s Prime Minister (exercises executive power) is generally the head of the party that enjoys a majority in the legislative branch. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President. The Prime Minister and cabinet make most of the decisions. The Vice-President is elected by both houses of Parliament.
India – Role of Citizen Indian citizens are encouraged to vote when they are 18.
India – The important thing to know about India’s government is… India and Japan have a parliamentary republic with three branches: legislative, judicial and executive. The executive and legislative branches work closely together. There are two executives.
China – Type of Government China is a Communist state.
China – Title of Leader true power lies with the ruling Communist Party. China has a President (head of state) and a Premier (head of government) ~ appointed by president The President and Vice-President are elected by the National People’s Congress. – Elected every 5 years In China, all power is concentrated in the Paramount Leader, Hu Jintao. He is the head of all three bodies of government: Communist Party of China Central People’s Government (State Council) People’s Liberation Army
China – How the Leader takes power While there are elections for the National People’s Congress, there is truly only one political party, the Chinese Communist Party. The State Council, which functions as a cabinet, is appointed by the National People’s Congress.
China – Role of Citizen Individuals do not have the right to vote for their representatives. The government regulates the press and restricts the freedom of assembly, movement, reproduction (One Child Policy) and religion. The restrictions are lessening.
China – The Important thing to know about China’s government is… Although there are elections, China is controlled by ONE political party The Chinese Communist Party. Increased population means more resources are needed to meet the needs of the growing population. Due to fears of overpopulation in China, the government has introduced a One Child Policy encouraging families to have only one child. If families have more than one child there are financial penalties.
Japan – Type of Government Japan is a Constitutional Monarchy
Japan – Title of Leader Japan has an Emperor and a Prime Minister Emperor Akihito (head of state) is merely a “symbol of the state. Naoto Kan, the Prime Minister (head of government) holds the true executive power along with the Cabinet of Ministers, who are part of the legislative branch of government.
Japan – How Leader takes Power Emperor – The Emperor’s position is inherited. The Emperor is a symbol of the state and of the unity of the Japanese people. He is the head of the Japanese Imperial Family and is a ceremonial figurehead in a constitutional monarchy. He is also the highest authority of the Shinto religion. The Prime Minister is chosen by the Diet (parliament) and the Emperor gives his blessing. The Prime Minister must enjoy the confidence of the House of Representatives to remain in office. The Prime Minister is the head of the Cabinet and appoints and dismisses the Ministers of State.
Japan – Role of Citizen There are universal voting rights for all adult citizens. Japanese citizens are encouraged to vote when they are 20.
Japan – The important thing to know about Japan’s government is… Japan has a parliament called the Diet and has 3 branches of government. The executive and legislative branches work closely together. There are two executives.
Governments of Asia ~ Check your answers IndiaChinaJapan Type of Government Federal RepublicCommunist State (Fake Republic) Constitutional Monarchy Title of LeaderPresident AND Prime Minister President, Premier (Prime Minister) Emperor AND Prime Minister How Leader takes power President = elected Prime Minister = Appointed President = elected Premier (Prime Minister) = head of ruling party Emperor – Inherited Prime Minister – chosen by the Diet and emperor gives blessing Role of CitizenVote at 18 No Vote, Restricted freedoms: press, assembly, movement, reproduction, religion Vote at 20 Important to know… Parliament has 3 branches ONE political party One child policy Diet (Parliament) has 3 branches