Presentation on theme: "Prime Minister and the Cabinet"— Presentation transcript:
1Prime Minister and the Cabinet Read and précis chapter 8 of ‘The Essentials of UK Politics’ by Andrew Heywood.
2Ground Rules Raise your hand before you speak No food/drink Turn off mobiles
3The role of the Prime Minister What is the role of the Prime Minister? What functions do they have to, or have the right to perform?In pairs, think of as many powers of the Prime Minister, both “official” and “unofficial”, and we will go through them togetherLeading the government at homeRepresenting the country abroadKeeping watch on the political agenda/course of governmentDeciding the nature of the cabinet and who’s in itDeciding nature of cabinet committees and who’s in themChairing cabinet committees (deciding who will speak/taking mins etc)Overseeing security servicesManaging relations between cabinet/parliament/media/other countries/international organisationsDeciding what government information to release and to whomAnswering PMQTPower of patronage (ambassadors/civil servants/C of E positions/judiciary/privy council/BBC/quangos/honours lists..)Dissolving Parliament/calling electionsManaging the majority partyQuestion: What does Primus inter pares mean?How does it relate to the Prime Minister?
4The role of the Prime Minister The Prime Minister is certainly powerful but what factors outside their control constrain the PM?In pairs, think of as many examples as you can of what can constrain the PM’s power. Also think about an example of when this happened, eg: media support – Major didn’t have this when the Sun opted to back Blair in the ’97 election1)Size of parliamentary majority2)Cabinet unity3)Cohesion of back benchers4)Length of time from last election victory5)Opinion ratings6)Competence/integrity of ministers7)Consistency of policy direction8)Media support9)Economic situation10)Response to international crisis11)Effectiveness of oppostion
5The Prime Minister’s Office The PM does not have his own department, but he has an “office” with sections dealing with policy, communications and strategyThe PM’s Office has grown in the last 20 years. Why do you think that is? What does it tell us?
6PM Leadership StylePMs all have different leadership styles, as they are all different people living in different times.In pairs, prepare bullet point presentations on the styles of Thatcher, Major, Blair or Brown.What was more important to their leadership style, their personality or the circumstances surrounding their premiership?
7PM Leadership styleCompare the leadership styles of Gordon Brown and David Cameron’s.What factors shape a PM’s leadership style?
8The Cabinet What is the cabinet? Who are important figures in the cabinet?There are regular cabinet meetings. These are very busy people! Are all major policies decided in cabinet. Why should they meet so often?1)Confirm – give formal approval to policy decisions that have often been taken in other committees2)Coordination – helps ensure that policies are coordinated across departments, how one department’s policy might impact upon another. Minimises conflicts, ensures consistency3)Conflict resolution – when decisions in other committees such as cabinet committees and sub committees are not unanimous or when one minister is upset with the decision in theory it could go to cabinet, but this is very rare4)Informing – keeps ministers aware of what is happening, especially on issues like security/foreign affairs5)Discussion about general strategy/policy direction. Do you think this happens much with Blair?
10Presentations In pairs, prepare detailed presentations on either The Cabinet Office and Cabinet Committees, how they work and what they do, ORDifferent styles of Cabinet Government, using terms such as collective responsibility, core executive, kitchen cabinetProduce as either PowerPoint or handouts so the rest of the class has a record of your presentation