Presentation on theme: "Improvement in Irrigation efficiency in Waghad Irrigation Project-A Success Story in Water Governance Dr Sanjay Belsare Se and DS, GoM National Convention."— Presentation transcript:
1Improvement in Irrigation efficiency in Waghad Irrigation Project-A Success Story in Water Governance Dr Sanjay Belsare Se and DS, GoM National Convention of WUAs 07-08Nov , New Delhi
2Waghad Medium Irrigation Project Located in Tribal area of Nashik completed in 1979.
3Index Map of Waghad Project Command of project is spread in 17 villages having around farmers
4It is first such attempt in the country. PROJECT INITIATIVEImproving Water Use Efficiency and Water Productivity of irrigation Projects through Participation of Farmers in Irrigation Management. ( )Background :Waghad PLWUA took over the irrigation management of the entire project in the year 2005.It is first such attempt in the country.AreaCoverage (ha)Year Wise Formation of WUAs
5PURPOSE & PRIORITIES OF THE INITIATIVE Bridging gap between irrigation potential created and utilizedEquitable and efficient distribution of water for agriculture in command area of Waghad project.Effective participation of farmers in irrigation management.Increased efficiency through reduced time and cost of service deliveryImproving water productivity “More crop & More Income per drop of Water”Improving livelihood of farmers and landless farmers
6ORGANISATIONAL STRUCTURE OF WAGHAD PROJECT LEVEL WATER USERS ASSOCIATION (PLWUA), MOHADI. Details of WUAs on Waghad ProjectPLWUA(Apex Level)WUA(Minor Level)(24)FARMERS(Field)
7DISTRIBUTION NETWORK MANAGEMENT Waghad Dam WRD, GoM Waghad Canal PLWUA Minor of Waghad CanalMANAGEMENTWUAFieldChannelFarmer
8HIGHLIGHTS OF THE INITIATIVE Integrated use of surface & ground water resulting in eight months irrigation to round the year irrigation.Equitable Distribution:Tail To Head PrincipleEnforcement of water use entitlement which is monitored & regulated by MWRRA.Active women participation14 Chair-persons are women, out of 25 WUAs.In total 75 members are women in 25 WUAs.
9STAKE HOLDERS PARTICIPATION IN INSTITUTIONAL BUILDING FarmersAgricultureDept.(Agri)PLWUAWaterResourcesdept.(WRD)NGOWUAFarmers contributed 50 lakh out of 500 lakh of rehabilitation cost.Farmers contributed 15% cost of office building.Formation of CMC for supervising of rehabilitation works.Farmers developed sense of ownership towards the project.Waghad is a good example of convergence of efforts of NGO & different line departments.
10After irrigation management transfer to PLWUA yearly OUTCOMESOutcomesTable shows the progressive improvement in the efficient water use by farmersSr. No.YearArea Irrigated on canal and wells( Ha )Water supplied at the canal head(Million Cubic Meter)Water use efficiency(Ha/million cubic meter)17,37733.81218.1828,39337.72222.50After irrigation management transfer to PLWUA yearly39,25337.75245.11410,90039.78274.00510,95036.92296.5861040034.69299.7772009 -2010910832.10283.7382010 –2011786226.132300.87
11IMPROVEMENT IN MEASURABLE INDICATORS Sr.No.DescriptionBefore Transfer ofIrrigation Management toPLA ( )After transfer ofmanagement to PLA( )1Average Area Irrigated inHectare839397452Mode of Water SupplyVolumetric supply at minor headVolumetric supply at main canal head3Water Saving-30 % Water saving ascompared to4Average Water chargesRecovery in Rs.1.012 Million2.577 Million5Average Percentage ofRecovery of Water Charges72 % (of the water billed for the actual irrigated area)100 %6Crop patternCereal, Grapes, VegetablesCrop diversification toFloriculture, Medicinalplants, etc. along withgrapes and vegetables.7Employment Generated (No ofdays/ year)8Irrigation Methods75 % Flood, 25 % Drip & Sprinkler60% Flood, 40 % Drip & Sprinkler9Average Net Income (Rs per Ha)60,0001,80,000
12Improvement In Delivery Time of Services : No of rotation increased to 5-6 rotations per year.Flow period reduced by 2 to 4 days.Services at doorsteps of the farmers.Simplified Procedures :15916 consumers (farmers) are now reduced to just ONE (PLWUA).Accounting & billing software has made assessment simplerImprovement in Water ProductivityIn crore gross agriculture production from 3500 crore liters of water which means that water productivity is 10 paisa/ lit. in Waghad project.Reduction In Cost of O & M
13SUSTAINABILITYWith transfer of irrigation management, the O&M of canal isdone by WUAs and PLWUA through collection of watercharges.Water Entitlement has provided assurance to the farmersThe PLWUA & WUA were operating and maintaining theircanal network, since last five years.Every WUA has their own office building
14PALKHED IRRIGATION DIVISION PROJECT WISE WUAs REPLICABILITYParticipatory and Innovative Irrigation Management in Waghad has inspired many farmers in the state as well as the country to come forward for formation of WUAs.Waghad model can be very well replicablePALKHED IRRIGATION DIVISION PROJECT WISE WUAsSr. No.Name Of ProjectExisting WUAsNo CCA (ha)Remarks1Palkhed150468526 Dy level WUAs formed3Ozarkhed26101694 Dy level WUAs formed, PLA formation4Karanjwan3013 WUAs in formation process & PLA at the end yearTotal17857322
16Abstract From Letter By Hon Abstract From Letter By Hon. Shri Montek Singh Ahluwalia, Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission , India.I should have added that in ourView Maharashtra has been aleader in Water ResourcesReforms. The fixing ofVolumetric water rates,,formation of Water userassociations andgreater accountability areexcellent steps.
17DIGNITARIES COMMENTS Shri U N Panjiar Secretary, MoWR, Govt of India, New DelhiI visited Waghad medium irrigation project, its canals & minors. I also met the president of Waghad project level water users association, presidents of minor level water users association of Jay Yogeshwar, Mahatma Jyotirao Phule & Banganga & farmers of there associations.I found that they have done excellent job in management of water distribution & use in the command area of their jurisdictions a result of which water charge & its recovery has improved manifold. O & M of minors has also improved leading to saving of water & expansion of irrigation in the command areas & income of farmers. I, hope this inspires farmers of other areas also to form WUAs & manage Water efficiently for their own benefit.I wish them all success.
18Visit of team of Engineers from East African Nations
19International award “ICID-WATSAVE” for Innovative Water Management for the year 2009 given away by International Commission on Irrigation & Drainage (ICID) on 10 December 2009 at New Delhi.
20Waghad PLWUA & Palkhed Irrigation Division received the National Productivity Award given away on 24 September 2009 by Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India at New Delhi.
21“Excellence in Water Management” given away by Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) on 10 December 2009 at Hyderabad.
22Waghad PLWUA has been honoured with Best WUA for 2008-09 in the state by Government of Maharashtra.
23Engineers Team Award ( Sanghik Puraskar ) for Outstanding Achievement to Palkhed Irrigation Division given away by Government of Maharashtra on18 February 2010
24Rehabilitation Work of Waghad Project Under MWSIP View of Waghad R.B.C.from Dam Top before workView of Waghad R.B.C.from Dam Top after work
27PIM CONCEPTDedicated Participation of Farmers, NGO & Govt. Depts. in irrigation ManagementFunctions Of Water Users AssociationsEquitable distribution of water amongst its membersOperation & Maintenance of Canal SystemCollection of Water ChargesResolve Dispute amongst MembersRepresenting Interest of Farmers & Coordinating with Government Departments
28BENEFITS TO FARMERS BENEFITS TO SYSTEM Water Entitlement Assured Supply of WaterFreedom of Cropping PatternConjunctive UseBENEFITS TO SYSTEMSense of Ownership of Irrigation System among FarmersEfficient Use of waterSustainable Management of Water ResourcesSaving in Operation & Maintenance Cost
29MMISF ACT 2005For effective implementation of PIM, GoM has introduced modified act namely, Maharashtra Management of Irrigation System By Farmers in 2005For management of irrigation system by farmers by providing water from public canal system to WUA’s on volumetric basis.To bridge gap between irrigation potential created and actual utilization.To ensure proper use of surface and ground water by increasing efficiency in distribution delivery application and drainage of irrigation systemsTo give statutory recognition to the constitution and operation of WUAMERGE IN SLIDE 5 WITH PIM
30QUALITY POLICYWe, at PALKHED IRRIGATION DIVISION, NASIK, are committed to continually improve the satisfaction of our customers; the farmers of command area of Upper Godavari Irrigation project, water users association and non-irrigation customers. We will strive to achieve following, Increase the efficiency of irrigation projects· Increase the involvement of farmers in the irrigation management. Path towards economic self-sufficiency of the projects. Achieving safety of citizens and property through dam safety and better flood control. Efficient management through training and development To Preserve Water Better utlisation of water and help farmers for better irrigation of farms Adhere to Quality Management Practices in our work culture Taking care of an environment & adopt sustainable policies Create Green through plantations on irrigation lands