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National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat National Disaster System & Laws in Pakistan By Nadeem Ahmed Abro NDMA, 12 th Oct’

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Presentation on theme: "National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat National Disaster System & Laws in Pakistan By Nadeem Ahmed Abro NDMA, 12 th Oct’"— Presentation transcript:

1 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat National Disaster System & Laws in Pakistan By Nadeem Ahmed Abro NDMA, 12 th Oct’ 2011

2 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat 2 My Country History Administrative Division 170 Million people Religion 97% Muslims, (77 % Sunni, 20% Shi'a), Others 3% Parliamentary Democracy Economy US$1200 Per capita Income GDP Size is approximately over US$165 Billion

3 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat DISASTER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN PAKISTAN

4 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat 4 Pakistan’s Disaster Context Diverse topographical features

5 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat 5 Pakistan’s Disaster Context  Climatic variations from tropical to temperate with rainfall as little as less than 1˝ to over 150˝ a year

6 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat 6 Pakistan’s Disaster Context  Uneven population density

7 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat 7 Pakistan’s Disaster Context  Unplanned development in hazard prone areas

8 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat 8 Pakistan’s Disaster Context  Poverty feeds into vulnerability

9 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat 9 Pakistan’s Disaster Context  Pressure on national resources

10 10 Hazards and Disaster

11 11 Hazards in Pakistan Natural  Droughts  Earthquakes  Floods  Tsunami  Avalanches  Landslides  Cyclones/Storms  Glacial Lake Outbursts Human Induced  Transport Accidents  Oil Spills  Urban Fires  Internal Displacements  Industrial Accidents

12 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat 12 GENESIS OF DISASTER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN PAKISTAN

13 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat Genesis of System 13  Calamity Act 1958 existed in Pakistan which was mainly concerned with reactive emergency response  Emergency Relief Cell (ERC)  Relief Commissioner  Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA)  World Conference on Disaster Reduction ( Jan 05, Japan) adopted Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA)  HFA recognized “Disaster Risk Management” as an important element for achieving internationally agreed goals  Pakistan, along with 168 other nations, is a signatory to the HFA

14 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat 14  EQ Incapacities of existing system came to fore  Reactive approach - Relief oriented  Lack of coordination and centralized control  Law not all encompassing  National Disaster Management Ordinance, promulgated in Dec 2006, which was later on passed by the Parliament as National Disaster Management Act  The NDMA is in the process of formulating the Disaster Management Rules under the NDM Act, Genesis of System

15 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat 15 Institutionalize Structure NDRF NDMC DDMAs NDMA (NEOC) PDMCs Stake Holders PDMAs (PEOC) NIDM

16 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat 16 Stake Holders NDMA DonorsUN / IOs Federal Ministers IFIsProvincesNHNMediaPHF Armed Forces

17 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat New System - Features 17  Paradigm shift (reactive to proactive approach)  One window operation  Centralized planning and decentralized execution  Disaster management - devolved subject  Directly responsible to political leadership  Ownership  Dedicated resources  Powerful law  Deals all four spectrums of disaster management

18 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat 18 ReconstructionResponse Recovery & Rehabilitation Mitigation & Preparedness DM Spectrum Disaster Management Spectrum

19 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat 19 Functions and Responsibilities

20 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat To act as the implementing, coordinating and monitoring body for disaster management (Article 9 of NDM Act 2010) 20 NDMA’s Mandate

21 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat NDMA’s Mandate - Disaster Management Managing the complete disaster spectrum, including Preparedness; Response; Recovery and Rehabilitation; and Reconstruction (Article 2.c of NDM Act 2010)

22 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat Functions - NDMA 22  Act as the implementing, coordinating and monitoring body for disaster management  Implement, coordinate and monitor the implementation of the National policy  Lay down guidelines for preparing disaster management plans by different Ministries or Departments and the Provincial Authorities  Provide necessary technical assistance to Provinces for preparing their disaster management plans

23 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat Functions - NDMA 23  Coordination with the United Nations agencies, international organizations and governments of foreign countries  Establish institutions for research, training, and developmental programmes in the field of disaster management  Extend such support to other countries affected by major disaster as it may deem appropriate

24 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat 24 Organization Structure Chairman Member Disaster Risk Reduction Member Support & Services Member Operations Coordination and Information Management IT Finance Admin & Procurement Response Recovery & Re-habitation National Operation Center Logistic Disaster Risk Reduction-1 Disaster Risk Reduction-2 Project Units Sectoral Specialists Strategic Plan Unit Staff Officer

25 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat 25 DM Organization Structure Line Ministries/ Division UN/ Donors Humanitarian Media Implementation Partners Local Representatives Line Deptts PDMA/ FDMA SDMA/GBDMA ICT DMC DDMA NDMA (NEOC) NDMC Div (DDMC) Corps (CDMC) JSHQ GHQ NHQ AHQ

26 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat 26  Enactment of National Disaster Management Act 2010 which provide for following institutional arrangements  Disaster Management Commissions at National (NDMC) and Provincial/regional levels (PDMC)  Disaster Management Authorities at National (NDMA), Provincial/regional (PDMA) and District (DDMA) level  National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM)  National Disaster Management Fund (NDMF)  National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) Institutional Arrangements

27 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat 27  National Disaster Risk Management Framework (NDMRF)  Developed through an extensive consultative process involving all stakeholders and approved by NDMC on 5 March, 2007  Framework identified following NINE PRIORITY areas for national capacity development  Institution and legal arrangements for DRM  Hazard and vulnerability assessment  Training, education and awareness  Disaster risk management planning Institutional Arrangements

28 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat 28  Community and local level programming  Multi hazard early warning system  Mainstreaming DRR into development  Emergency response system  Capacity development for post disaster recovery Institutional Arrangements

29 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat 29 Why DRR Important for Pakistan Since then: 2 Cyclones 2 Floods 2 Earthquakes 2 Land Slides 1 Complex Emergency  Pakistan a disaster prone country – compounded by frequency and nature of disaster  Erosion of Economic Growth and Social Capital  Unsustainable Development – Pakistan a developing country with emphasis on infrastructure development  Difficult to achieve Poverty Reduction Goals 5 Years

30 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat Source: Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) – Annual Disasters Statistical Review 2006, Brussels, May Why DRR Important for Pakistan

31 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat Source: Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) – Annual Disasters Statistical Review Why DRR Important for Pakistan

32 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat Progress Under New System of DM 32 National Risk Assessment  National hazard and risk assessment  Being carried out - Will serve as key baseline document for DRR planning at the national/provincial/local level  Assessment expected to be completed by end 2012  Pilot project of Hazard, Livelihood and Vulnerability (HLV) baseline assessment completed in 10 districts  EQ risk assessments completed in Muzaffarabad, Mansehra, Murree, Quetta & Chitral. Exercise aimed at integrating EQ vulnerability reduction into development plans and schemes  Risk assessment of Glacial Lake Outburst Flooding (GLOF) completed in Gilgit district of Gilgit-Baltistan

33 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat Progress Under New System of DM 33 Training, Education & Awareness  Specialized training courses organized on Flood/ EQ/Drought/Coastal Hazards Mitigation, DRR Mainstreaming and Disaster Risk Communication  Trainings for professionals for EQ resistant housing conducted  Following knowledge products/ training manuals developed and disseminated –Guidelines for earthquake safer construction –Seismic retrofitting manual for buildings –Seismic hazard assessment –Disaster reporting manual

34 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat Progress Under New System of DM 34 Training, Education & Awareness –Earthquake mitigation manual –Drought mitigation manual –Flood mitigation manual –Cyclone mitigation manual –DRR mainstreaming manual –Disaster risk management manual –School safety material on DRM

35 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat 35 Promoting Disaster Risk Management Planning  Five Provincial/State, National Disaster Response Plan and thirty District DRM plans prepared  Contingency plans developed: –Monsoon –Winter –Marine –Industrial and Chemical disasters –Cyclone  Draft Tsunami Contingency Plan ready for consultations Progress Under New System of DM

36 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat 36 Community & Local Level DRR Programming Progress Under New System of DM  Provision of technical human resource to all PDMAs and DRM Coordinators to 29 most vulnerable DDMAs  Key CBDRM activities include –DRM network for disaster response formulated in 11 districts –Tsunami evacuation drills in costal areas of Balochistan and Sindh provinces –Draft action plan for school safety for Sindh and Balochistan developed –Union council level DRM for pilot union councils developed

37 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat Progress Under DRM 37 Multi-hazard Early warning System  Disease Early Warning System (DEWS) established in 48 districts  Tsunami early warning system established and tide gauges installed; Training for seismic data collection and tide gauge maintenance also imparted  Drought early warning system and mitigation projects implemented in Tharparkar District  Indigenous knowledge based early warning indicators for drought developed

38 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat Progress Under DRM 38 Mainstreaming DRR into Development  The initiative is currently on-going in following ten ministries: –Planning Commission of Pakistan –Ministry of Housing and Works –Ministry of Water and Power –Ministry of Industries and Production –Ministry of Defense –Ministry of Communication –Ministry of Environment (Devolved) –Ministry of Food and Agriculture (Devolved) –Ministry of Education (Devolved) –Ministry of Health (Devolved)

39 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat Progress Under DRM 39 Mainstreaming DRR into Development  A chapter on DRR by the Planning Commission of Pakistan. The proposed chapter will be made part of the five years development plan after consensus by provincial authorities  Under this component, guidelines on DRR for preparation of development project proposals (Infrastructure, Social and Production Sectors) have been prepared & circulated  Seismic concerns have been mainstreamed into the curricula of Civil Engineering Diploma

40 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat 40 Emergency Response System Progress Under DRM  US&R Team  Three teams formed (CDA, City District Government Karachi and Pak Army)  Two are planned to be raised (Chitral and GB)  Programme for Enhancement of Emergency Response (PEER), Phase III has been started  26 District Disaster Resource Centers (DDRCs) have been established in most vulnerable districts  DRM training being imparted to doctors and paramedical staff

41 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat 41 Capacity Development for Post Disaster Recovery Progress Under DRM  Strategic Planning Unit (SPU) of NDMA currently providing technical backstopping to all involved in post-flood early recovery activities  SPU’s Sectoral experts have produced the following documents  Pak Flood and Early Recovery Response Plan 2010  Sectoral strategies on Agriculture, Community Restoration, WASH, Shelter, Education, Health and Information Management and Monitoring  Early Recovery Strategic Framework and Gap Analysis  Re-construction related outputs

42 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat Bilateral/Regional Initiative 42  SAARC  Natural Disaster Rapid Response Mechanism being devised  South Asian Disaster knowledge network (web based portal)  China  Joint Pak-China Flood Management Mechanism  Cooperation in Disaster Management  Australia  Expansion of CBDRM programme  Support to NIDM

43 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat Bilateral/Regional Initiative 43  Tripartite (Pakistan-Afghanistan-Turkey) cooperation in disaster management  Cooperation with ADPC on DRM  UNISDR regional initiative on one million safer school  Expansion of CBDRM programme through World Bank  Capacity building programme through JICA  Cooperation with IFRC on mainstreaming IDRL guidelines through Rules under NDM Act, 2010.

44 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat 44  Floods Sindh and Balochistan  Flash Floods NWFP  Earthquake Balochistan (Ziarat)  Food Crisis 2008  Land Slide Attabad (Hunza, GB)  Avalanches Kohistan  Kyrgyzstan Operation (Pak Students) - June 2010  Tropical Cyclone (Phat) Balochistan and Sindh  Air Blue Crash July 2010  Floods 2010  Floods 2011 (in progress) Disaster Response

45 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat

46 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat

47 QUESTIONS ?

48 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat

49 49 Hazards in Pakistan Predictable  Floods  Droughts  Tsunami  Cyclones/Storms Un-Predictable  Earthquakes  Avalanches  Landslides  Glacial Lake Outbursts  Accidents of all types

50 National Disaster Management Authority, Prime Minister’s Secretariat Analysis of Natural Disasters in Pakistan ( ) S# Disaster Type People Homeless People Killed People Injured People affected Total affected Total Damage 000$ % Ran king 1 Wind Storm 22,59711,6541,1831,057,0001,080,7804, Earth- quake 2,853,585142,81288,0961,294,4294,236,1105,019, Flood8,927,68511,7021,26238,669,44747,598,3942,746, Land Slides 3, , Famine---300,000300, Epidemic ,27516, Extreme Temp -1, Drought-223-2,269,3002,269,3002,47,00043 Total11,806,967168,46491,19043,606,90155,505,0588,016,385 Flood ,744,4711,9842,94620,184,55020,184,55010,000,000 50


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