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**Prime and Composite Numbers**

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**Prime Numbers- have only 2 factors: 1 and the number itself**

Composite Numbers- have at least three factors

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**0 and 1 are neither prime nor composite.**

The only even prime number is 2. 2 and 3 are the only consecutive prime numbers

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**Relatively Prime Numbers- their greatest common factor is 1.**

This means that the only number that divides into both numbers is 1.

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**Prime factorization- way to express a composite number as a product of prime numbers.**

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**Factors divide a number exactly with no remainders**

Multiples are the product that results from multiplying by the integers 1, 2, 3, 4,…

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**Factor tree- helps you determine the prime factorization of composite numbers**

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