Presentation on theme: "Canada’s Prime Ministers. TEXT IN RED SHOULD BE COPIED."— Presentation transcript:
Canada’s Prime Ministers
TEXT IN RED SHOULD BE COPIED.
John A. Macdonald First PM in Confederation First PM of Canada to die while in office as PM One of the Fathers of Confederation National Policy and CPR Came to Canada at the age of five A Scot who lived in Kingston, ON Notorious drinker –resigned due to Pacific Scandal bribery Political Party Conservative
Alexander MacKenzie a.k.a “Plain Sandy” First Liberal Prime Minister Died while still an MP Declined knighthood from Queen Victoria Came to Canada at the age of twenty A Scot Resided first in Kingston, Ontario, then in Sarnia, Ontario Replaced John A. after “Pacific Scandal” P.M …John A. came back
John Abbott First PM born in Canada First Senator to become PM First PM who was member of both Houses Of Irish descent Term as Prime Minister Political Party Conservative
Sir John Sparrow David Thompson First Roman Catholic PM First provincial premier (Nova Scotia, 1882) to become PM of Canada Of Irish descent Term as Prime Minister Political Party Conservative Died while being knighted in England!
MacKenzie Bowell Grandmaster of Orange Order of BNA Came to Canada at the age of ten Term as Prime Minister Political Party Conservative
Sir Charles Tupper Oldest to assume office of PM Shortest total duration of term as PM Premier of Nova Scotia One of the Fathers of Confederation Term as Prime Minister Political Party Conservative
Sir Wilfrid Laurier First PM of French ancestry Longest unbroken tenure as PM-15yrs Died while still an MP Started the Canadian Navy Term as Prime Minister Political Party Liberal “The 20 th Century will belong to Canada.”
Sir Robert Borden On July 14, 1915, Borden was the first Canadian PM to attend a British Cabinet meeting WWI’s Cdn leader Income Tax to pay for war effort (temporary measure) Nova Scotian from Grand Pre /Wolfville Conscription Crisis-military draft French Quebecois opposed it Term as Prime Minister Political Party Conservative Unionist –merger of Liberals/Conservatives-pro Conscription to get it passed. Laurier led the “anti” forces
Arthur Meighen Term as Prime Minister Political Party Conservative
William Lyon Mackenzie King Longest total duration as PM in the whole of the Commonwealth …22 years Many interesting stories involving contacting the dead through seances, his beloved mother and his dog, Pat Revealed after his death in diaries World War Two. Old age pensions and the birth of our Social Safety Net. Initially thought Hitler was a good guy when he met him in the 1930s. Lifelong bachelor-Prostitutes? Term as Prime Minister Political PartyLiberal
Richard Bedford Bennett While he was PM of Canada, he lived in a special suite in the Chateau Laurier Hotel, in Ottawa. VERY WEALTHY The only former prime minister buried outside Canada(in England). Left mad at Canada after losing election. Died in the bath tub The Great Depression-Not popular…millionaire WHILE MOST PEOPLE WERE POOR. Fought communism that threatened to take over Canada. Term as Prime Minister Political Party Conservative
Louis St. Laurent “Uncle Louis” -Trans Canada Highway and Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Seaway were projects brought in by his government Term as Prime Minister Political Party Liberal
John Diefenbaker “Dief the Chief” First Canadian PM with active service in World War 1 The first Saskatchewan resident to become prime minister of Canada –typical CDN Great Orator. Hated the new Maple Leaf flagHated the new Maple Leaf flag that Pearson brought in after him in Cancelled the Avro Arrow Jet project Came to power after almost 40 years of uninterrupted Liberal rule. Term as Prime Minister Political Party Progressive Conservative
Lester B. Pearson “Mike” Winner of Nobel Peace Prize, 1957 for Invent -ing peacekeeping while working at the U.N. Gave us the Maple Leaf Flag, Old Age Pensions and Full Medicare for all CDNS. Former pro baseball player and hockey player in 1922 Olympics for Britain Before PM was in charge of United Nations Term Political Party Liberal The beginning of “Modern Canada”
Pierre Elliott Trudeau -Swept to power on wave of Trudeaumania ‘68Swept to power on wave of Trudeaumania ‘68 -Official Languages Act- bilingualism/Multiculturalism - Valued Individual Rights yet imposed War Measures Act during 1970 October Crisis (kidnapping by the FLQ Separatist terrorist group)Valued Individual Rights yet imposed War Measures Act during 1970 October Crisis (kidnapping by the FLQ Separatist terrorist group -Removed the Death Penalty in Patriation of Canada’s Constitution in 1982 meant we no longer had to go to U.K. to change laws…fully sovereign nationPatriation of Canada’s Constitution in 1982 meant we no longer had to go to U.K. to change laws…fully sovereign nation -The Charter Of Rights and Freedoms -Loved by many, hated by many (ALTA.), never ignored-National Energy Policy/PetroCanada sold Alta. oil cheaplyLoved by many, -“The Just Society” Political Party Liberal
Joe Clark “Joe Who?” Term as Prime Minister Political Party Progressive Conservative -Only leader to ever beat Trudeau, 39 year old Clark’s minority government lost a vote on a gas tax and fell after less than 8 months. Trudeau returned for 3 more years, raised the gas tax in a different way !!! and brought home the Constitution. -Came back as Tory leader in the late 1990s.
John Turner Significant Place of Birth Richmond, Surrey, England…NOT BORN IN CANADA Term as Prime Minister Political Party Liberal -Notorious for resigning as Finance Minister to Trudeau, beating Chretien in 1984 leadership, being good looking and pinching women’s bums! -Lost a heated TV debate to Mulroney in 1984Lost a heated TV debate to Mulroney in Fought Mulroney’s Free Trade in 1988 election. His own Party (e.g. Chretien) tried to get rid of him during the election!Fought Mulroney’s Free Trade in 1988 election
Brian Mulroney Term as Prime Minister P.C. -NAFTA- Too close to the U.S.A.? -The GST tax of 7%-unpopular -Meech Lake and Charlottetown Accords-both offered Quebec “Special Status,” IF THEY SIGNED THE CONSTITUTION…both failures…resigned in 1993 among most despised leaders ever. His critics felt he tied us too closely to our southern neighbours, the U.S.A and called him “Lyin Brian!”. With Ronald Reagan
A great friendship with George the First! Go Jays! Go Rangers!(“My boy George owns them!”)
Free tickets for Brian!!!
! I love Daddy
Kim Campbell Details of Interest First woman PM of Canada First native British Columbian PM of Canada -P.C. Party campaign advertisement in ’93 electionP.C. Party campaign advertisement in ’93 election Made fun of Liberal opponent Chretien’s facial features (“He talks out of both sides of his face!”) -Canadians offended, in election, only 2 PC’S elected…even she lost her seat in parliament! PC Party in shambles forced to merge with Canadian Alliance party in 2004 to form the current Conservative Party. Term as Prime Minister Political Party Progressive Conservative
Jean Chretien “Little Guy from Shawinigan” HE’S 6’3”!! Term as Prime Minister –DEC 12, 2003 Political Party Liberal - Helped Trudeau repatriate Constitution in The “Clarity Act” on Quebec Referendums after 1995 close call (50.6 NO 49.4 YES). From now on, question must be clear and honest on Quebec Separation. -40 years in Parliament40 years in Parliament -Got country’s finances under control after Mulroney and Trudeau.Forced into retirement. HIS FINANCE MINISTER Paul Martin’s supporters felt he stayed too long.
Paul Martin Jr. -In office Dec 12, 2003-January 23, Considered best finance minister in history of Canada -His father, Paul Martin Sr., is considered among the founding fathers of Canada’s social safety net. -Long feud with Chretien since losing 1990 Leadership to him -Very shaky minority gov’tVery shaky minority gov’t Due to Sponsorship Scandal LIBERAL
Stephen Harper -1 st Supreme Court Judge ever appointed to be screened by Parliament first. -Afghan Detainee and Chalk River Medical Isotope issues -So far, approval ratings shows his minority gov’t are ok based on his law and order agenda! -Survived a challenge by a Liberal-NDP coalition. Conservative (used to be Reform)
Pope Benedict meets a group of clones
Honourable Mention: Tommy Douglas “The Father of Medicare” As Premier of Saskatchewan, he started free Medicare. This was later adopted by Pearson for all of Canada. The Greatest Canadian ?