3John A. Macdonald First PM in Confederation First PM of Canada to die while in office as PMOne of the Fathers of ConfederationNational Policy and CPRCame to Canada at the age of fiveA Scot who lived in Kingston, ONNotorious drinker–resigned due toPacific Scandal briberyPolitical PartyConservative
4Alexander MacKenzie a.k.a “Plain Sandy” First Liberal Prime MinisterDied while still an MPDeclined knighthood from Queen VictoriaCame to Canada at the age of twentyA ScotResided first in Kingston, Ontario, then in Sarnia, OntarioReplaced John A. after “Pacific Scandal”P.M …John A. came back
5John Abbott First PM born in Canada First Senator to become PM First PM who was member of both HousesOf Irish descentTerm as Prime MinisterPolitical PartyConservative
6Sir John Sparrow David Thompson First Roman Catholic PMFirst provincial premier (Nova Scotia, 1882) to become PM of CanadaOf Irish descentTerm as Prime MinisterPolitical PartyConservativeDied while being knighted in England!
7MacKenzie Bowell Grandmaster of Orange Order of BNA 1870-1878 Came to Canada at the age of tenTerm as Prime MinisterPolitical PartyConservative
8Sir Charles Tupper Oldest to assume office of PM Shortest total duration of term as PMPremier of Nova ScotiaOne of the Fathers of ConfederationTerm as Prime MinisterPolitical PartyConservative
9Sir Wilfrid Laurier First PM of French ancestry Longest unbroken tenure as PM-15yrsDied while still an MPStarted the Canadian NavyTerm as Prime MinisterPolitical PartyLiberal“The 20th Century will belong to Canada.”
10Sir Robert BordenOn July 14, 1915, Borden was the first Canadian PM to attend a British Cabinet meetingWWI’s Cdn leaderIncome Tax to pay for war effort(temporary measure)Nova Scotian from Grand Pre /WolfvilleConscription Crisis-military draftFrench Quebecois opposed itTerm as Prime MinisterPolitical PartyConservativeUnionist –merger of Liberals/Conservatives-pro Conscription to get it passed. Laurier led the “anti” forces
11Arthur Meighen Term as Prime Minister 1920.07.10 - 1921.12.28 Political PartyConservative
12William Lyon Mackenzie King Longest total duration as PM in the whole of the Commonwealth …22 yearsMany interesting stories involving contacting the dead through seances, his beloved mother and his dog, Pat Revealed after his death in diariesWorld War Two. Old age pensions and the birth of our Social Safety Net. Initially thought Hitler was a good guy when he met him in the 1930s.Lifelong bachelor-Prostitutes?Term as Prime MinisterPolitical PartyLiberal
13Richard Bedford Bennett While he was PM of Canada, he lived in a special suite in the Chateau Laurier Hotel, in Ottawa. VERY WEALTHYThe only former prime minister buried outside Canada(in England). Left mad at Canada after losing election. Died in the bath tubThe Great Depression-Not popular…millionaire WHILE MOST PEOPLE WERE POOR. Fought communismthat threatened to take over Canada.Term as Prime MinisterPolitical PartyConservative
14Louis St. Laurent “Uncle Louis” -Trans Canada Highway and Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Seaway were projects brought in by his governmentTerm as Prime MinisterPolitical PartyLiberal
15John Diefenbaker “Dief the Chief” First Canadian PM with active service in World War 1The first Saskatchewan resident to become prime minister of Canada –typical CDNGreat Orator. Hated the new Maple Leaf flagthat Pearson brought in after him in 1965.Cancelled the Avro Arrow Jet projectCame to power after almost 40 years of uninterrupted Liberal rule.Term as Prime MinisterPolitical PartyProgressive Conservative
16Lester B. Pearson “Mike” The beginning of “Modern Canada”Lester B. Pearson “Mike”Winner of Nobel Peace Prize, 1957 for Invent-ing peacekeeping while working at the U.N.Gave us the Maple Leaf Flag, Old AgePensions andFull Medicare for all CDNS.Former pro baseball player and hockeyplayer in 1922 Olympics for BritainBefore PM was in charge of UnitedNationsTermPolitical PartyLiberal
17Pierre Elliott Trudeau -Swept to power on wave of Trudeaumania ‘68Official Languages Act-bilingualism/MulticulturalismValued Individual Rights yet imposed War Measures Act during 1970 October Crisis (kidnapping by the FLQ Separatist terrorist group)Removed the Death Penalty in 1976Patriation of Canada’s Constitution in 1982 meant we no longer had to go to U.K. to change laws…fully sovereign nation-The Charter Of Rights and Freedoms-Loved by many, hated by many (ALTA.), never ignored-National Energy Policy/PetroCanada sold Alta. oil cheaply-“The Just Society”Political Party Liberal
19Joe Clark “Joe Who?” Term as Prime Minister 1979.06.04 - 1980.03.02 Political PartyProgressive Conservative-Only leader to ever beat Trudeau, 39 year old Clark’s minority government lost a vote on a gas tax and fell after less than 8 months. Trudeau returned for 3 more years, raised the gas tax in a different way !!! and brought home the Constitution.-Came back as Tory leader in the late 1990s.
20John Turner Term as Prime Minister 1984.06.30 - 1984.09.16 Political PartyLiberal-Notorious for resigning as Finance Minister to Trudeau, beating Chretien in 1984 leadership, being good looking and pinching women’s bums!Lost a heated TV debate to Mulroney in 1984Fought Mulroney’s Free Trade in 1988 election. His own Party (e.g. Chretien) tried to get rid of him during the election!Significant Place of BirthRichmond, Surrey, England…NOT BORN IN CANADA
21Brian Mulroney P.C. -NAFTA- Too close to the U.S.A.? Term as Prime MinisterP.C.-NAFTA- Too close to the U.S.A.?-The GST tax of 7%-unpopular-Meech Lake and Charlottetown Accords-both offered Quebec “Special Status,” IF THEY SIGNED THE CONSTITUTION…both failures…resigned in 1993 among most despised leaders ever. His critics felt he tied us too closely to our southern neighbours, the U.S.A and called him “Lyin Brian!”.Brian MulroneyWith Ronald Reagan
22A great friendship with George the First. Go Jays. Go Rangers A great friendship with George the First! Go Jays! Go Rangers!(“My boy George owns them!”)
25Kim Campbell Details of Interest First woman PM of Canada First native British Columbian PM of Canada-P.C. Party campaign advertisement in ’93 electionMade fun of Liberal opponent Chretien’s facialfeatures (“He talks out of both sides of his face!”)-Canadians offended, in election, only 2 PC’S elected…even she lost her seat in parliament!PC Partyin shambles forced to merge with CanadianAlliance party in2004 to form the current Conservative Party.Term as Prime MinisterPolitical PartyProgressive Conservative
26Jean Chretien “Little Guy from Shawinigan” HE’S 6’3”!! Term as Prime Minister–DEC 12, 2003Political PartyLiberal-Helped Trudeau repatriate Constitution in 1982.-The “Clarity Act” on Quebec Referendums after 1995 close call (50.6 NO 49.4 YES). From now on, question must be clear and honest on Quebec Separation.-40 years in Parliament-Got country’s finances under control after Mulroney and Trudeau.Forced into retirement. HIS FINANCE MINISTER Paul Martin’s supporters felt he stayed too long.
34Paul Martin Jr. -In office Dec 12, 2003-January 23, 2006 -Considered best finance minister in history of Canada-His father, Paul Martin Sr., is considered among the founding fathers of Canada’s social safety net.-Long feud with Chretien since losing 1990 Leadership to him-Very shaky minority gov’tDue to Sponsorship ScandalLIBERAL
35Stephen Harper-1st Supreme Court Judge ever appointed to be screened by Parliament first.-Afghan Detainee and Chalk River Medical Isotope issues-So far, approval ratings shows his minority gov’t are ok based on his law and order agenda!-Survived a challenge by a Liberal-NDP coalition.Conservative (used to be Reform)