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God’s Instructions to Israel: Exodus 15:22-18:27.

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Presentation on theme: "God’s Instructions to Israel: Exodus 15:22-18:27."— Presentation transcript:

1 God’s Instructions to Israel: Exodus 15:22-18:27

2 “in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ” Announcements Congratulations to Allison Lutrell, who was baptized April 4, by Neil Reynolds Congratulations to Jon Francis, who was baptized April 11, by his grandfather, Roy Reaves The fundraiser for the Kids 4 Christ playground equipment ends April 11, and we are about half way to the goal amount. Checks can be made out to West Side and earmarked “playground equipment”. See Kyle or Kelli Lamberson for more information Girlfriends Unlimited is collecting box fans for Help Network in April. They can be found at Lowe’s or Wal-Mart for about $15.00. We can combine with one or two other people to offset the cost

3 “in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ” Prayer List Johanna Kenner – waiting on tests results for possible cancer remission Kenny Freeman – heart tests at Mayo Clinic, in Minnesota, this week Beverly Stewart (Meme Pitney’s mother) surgery to be scheduled for a broken hip Joel Tippit’s sister, Ramona Jan Parker, passed away Tuesday, April 13

4 Exodus WeekDateTopic 110 Mar 10Exodus – Transitions: An Introduction 217 Mar 10God’s Preparation of Israel: Exodus 1-4 324 Mar 10God’s Sovereignty: Exodus 5-11 431 Mar 10God’s Redemption: Exodus 12:1-13:16 507 Apr10God’s Completion: Exodus 13:17-15:21 614 Apr 10God’s Instructions to Israel: Exodus 15:22-18:27 721 Apr 10Mosaic Covenant: Exodus 19:1-24:11 828 Apr 10Dwelling Among His People: Exodus 24:12-31:18 905 May 10Breaking/Renewing the Covenant: Exodus 32-34 1012 May 10Senior Blessing Night – No classes 1119 May 10Israel’s Worship: Exodus 35-40 1226 May 10New Testament Implications 1302 Jun 10Exodus – Transitions: A Summary

5 Today’s Objectives Review lesson from 07 Apr 10 (cross the sea) Review historical maps of the region Learn about challenges to the Israelite’s faith after they pass through the sea –In Marah –In Elim –Desert of Sin Learn about God’s commands concerning the Sabbath Learn about the battle with the Amalekites Learn about Jethro’s visit with Moses

6 Last week Learned about the beginning of the Israelite journey from Goshen to Canaan Reviewed possible routes traveled Learned about the passage through the “Red” Sea Learned what actions the Egyptians take as they watch this exodus take place Learned how God rescues the Israelites again Learned about the Song of Deliverance Next week, Mosaic Covenant: Exodus 19:1- 24:11

7 Key Points of Exodus God’s grace towards His people Delivery from the bonds of slavery Deliverance to the freedom of a covenant relationship and fellowship with him No other biblical book surfaces elsewhere in the OT as frequently as the Book of Exodus does; in the NT only the Books of Psalms and Isaiah are cited more Acts 7 is a key companion to Exodus and a quick read

8 Timeline Moses lived from approximately 1525-1405 BC –Completed writing of Exodus after 1445 BC –Exodus covers approximately 431 years of history –Arrival of Jacob and his family in Egypt to the construction of the Tabernacle in Sinai in 1445 BC Israelites lived in Egypt for 430 years (Gen 12:40) –Time of oppression was 400 years (Gen 15:13) –Transition time in Egypt –Egyptians had expelled the Hyskos rulers of the time –Egyptians formed a world power of which there was no match

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11 Rulers of Egypt in Exodus Ahmose I (1570-1548 BC) –Founder of the New Kingdom after the expulsion of the Hyksos rulers, consolidated borders –Initiated temple building projects Amenhotep (1548-~1528) Thutmose I (~1528-1518 BC) –Meaning “Born of Thoth” –Thoth the Egyptian god of wisdom –Moses’ early childhood –Therefore Moses would be Egyptian “Born of” and Mu meaning water

12 Rulers of Egypt in Exodus Thutmose II (1518-1504) –Moses from about age 8 until 21 Thutmose III (1504-1450) –Queen Hatshepsut (1498-1483, co-regency) –He is called the Napoleon of Ancient Egypt –He created the largest empire Egypt had ever seen –Moses kills Egyptian; identifies with his brethren (Heb. 11:24-26) then leaves Egypt (1486 BC, Ex 2:11-15) –Moses dwells in Midian 40 years (Acts 7:30) King of Upper & Lower Egypt Menkheper Ra Son of Ra Thetmess

13 Rulers of Egypt in Exodus Amenhotep II (1450-1425) –Seventh pharaoh of the 18 th Dynasty –Son of Thutmose III (but not the eldest son) –Successful military campaigns –Considered to be the Pharaoh of the Exodus –Firstborn slain in the last plague (Ex 12:29) –His eldest son did not follow him to throne. –over, after “Dream Inscription of Thutmose IV” Notes –Archaeologists give us great detail on the Pharaohs of Moses’ time –Mummies have been found for each of the Pharaohs

14 Amenhotep II

15 Ref: Constable

16 Events in Shur (15:22-27) Wilderness of Shur –Desert area east of Egypt’s territory, separating Egypt from Paleistine Thin vegetation, few people, short rainy season –Encountered an oasis called Marah Three days after the Red Sea crossing Water not suitable for drinking, the people complain People expected God to provide a problem-free journey –Moses tosses a piece of wood into the water and it becomes drinkable God changed the water –At Elim, God provides 12 springs and 70 palm trees

17 Desert of Sin (16:1-22) Israelites leave Elim –Travel through the Desert of Sin –About six weeks after departing from Egypt Israelites begin to complain again –Food and water become an issue again –Begin loosing faith –God intervenes through Moses, but decides to test them –Gives them specific instructions on gathering food –Gather only enough for your needs for that day –Some disobey (lack of faith) the food ruins before the next day

18 Sabbath (16:23-36) God commands to keep the Sabbath holy –Six days of gathering, none on the seventh day –Food saved for that day did not ruin –No one is to go out on the Sabbath and gather food –A day of rest –However, some Israelites disobeyed (lack of faith) Bread is called Manna –Retained and remembered for generations –Eat Manna for forty years

19 God Rescues Israelites Again (17:1-15) Israelites complain again because of no water –Again, a lack of faith, wanting to test God –Moses takes these issues to God God provides the relief –Using the staff of Moses again –Strike the rock at Horeb and water will flow –Called the place Massah and Meribah Amalekites Defeated –Amalekites attack the Israelites at Rephidim –Israel fights back and God works through Moses to bring them victory –Joshua becomes a key figure

20 Amalekites Amalek was the son of Eliphaz and grandson of Esau (Gen 36:12, 1 Chr 1:36) Chief of the Edomite tribe (Gen 36:16) Rulers called Agag Arab tradition relates that the Amalekites originzted in the region of Mecca (Saudi Arabia) Interaction with Israelites –Attack at Rephidim (Ex 17:8-10) –Attack at Hormah (Num 14:45) –Against Ehud (Judges 3:13) –Against Gideon (Judges 6:3) Israel ordered to kill all Amalekites (1 Sam 15:2-3)

21 Jethro visits Moses (18:1-27) Jethro hears of God work through Moses –Jethro is the priest of Midian and father-in-law of Moses –Moses had sent his family to live with Jethro –They all travel back to be with Moses –Moses shares the story of God’s deliverance Moses had been serving as the sole judge among the people –From morning to night –Jethro suggests that he appoint Israelites to become judges to hear the lesser problems –Judges of thousands, hundreds, fifties, and tens –Moses followed his advice

22 Review Reviewed lesson from 07 Apr 10 (cross the sea) Reviewed historical maps of the region Learned about challenges to the Israelite’s faith after they pass through the sea In Marah In Elim Desert of Sin Learned about God’s commands concerning the Sabbath Learned about the battle with the Amalekites Learned about Jethro’s visit with Moses Next week: Mosaic Covenant: Exodus 19:1-24:11


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