Presentation on theme: "Case Study: Britain Sayge Cullop, Dylan Chadwick, Kelli Uresti, Colin Dillon, Danika Gottbrecht and James Whitsett."— Presentation transcript:
1 Case Study: BritainSayge Cullop, Dylan Chadwick, Kelli Uresti, Colin Dillon, Danika Gottbrecht and James Whitsett
2 Making of a Modern State GeographyBritain is the largest of the British Isles, comprised of England, Scotland and WalesGreat Britain includes Northern Ireland, England comprises 84% of the UKCurrency: Pound (£)1This slide can be used as a background before the presentation begins.
3 Making of a Modern State Ethnic BreakdownIn 2007, population was 60.8 billion292.1% white2% black1.8% Indian1.6% other1.3% Pakistani1.2% Mixed
4 Making of a Modern State HistoryBritain used to be full monarch system until 1236, when a group of feudal barons acting as parliament was asked for taxation consentBy the 15th century, Parliament gained legislative rights3Due to colonial expansion, Britain was known as a superpower until the end of WWII and the Suez Crisis (1956).It possessed a powerful navy and peaked in wealth in 1900, and size fromPoet Philippe de Mezieres presenting his book to Richard II. British Library.
5 Making of a Modern State The industrial revolution had a profound impact on British culture, making the country more democraticLed to a higher standard of living and replaced skilled workers with advanced machinery
6 Making of a Modern State The role of the monarchy has diminished over time, leading us to ask the question: is the royal family necessary for the political structure of Britain, or simply for show? How much longer will it last?
7 Representation and Participation Prime Minister (PM): David CameronThe PM is elected first as a Member of Parliament (MP), then the Queen invites the leader of the party who can control the majority of the Commons to become PM5Current Reigning Monarch: Queen Elizabeth II
8 Representation and Participation Bicameral Model - ParliamentHouse of LordsHigher house of ParliamentUnelected body consisting of “heriditary peers and “life peers”740 members (2011)Possess ability to debate, refine, and delay legislation, but cannot block itHouse of CommonsLower house of parliament650 seatsThree functions: 1. pass laws 2. provide finances for the state through taxation and 3. to review public administration and government policy
9 ElectionsGeneral elections are reserved for the Commons, with elections taking place every 5 years (the next is May 7, 2015)Citizens vote to elect ‘candidates’ to the Commons, the representative with the most votes in each area wins a seatPolitical parties compete to form the government by winning constituency elections; if a party is able to win more than half the seats in the Commons, the leader becomes PM and all other parties become the oppositionHung Parliament: no single party wins more than half the seats in the Commons, leads to Coalition Governments6
10 Governance & Policy Making Legislative Process:Bills must be introduced in both the Commons and the Lords, read, circulated, then debated (First Reading)The bill is then voted on in the Second ReadingThe bill is considered in final form, voted on without debateThe final step of the process is royal assent, which formally declares the bill as an Act of Parliament7
11 Governance and Policy Making Britain functions through “Westminster Model”, meaning that carrying out democracy is in the hands of Parliament as the supreme authority of the legislatureNo formal written constitution, operates as a constitutional monarchyBritain operated under the parliamentary sovereignty doctrine, granting the legislature the power to make or overturn any law8
12 Governance and Policy Making Unitary State: contrasts a federal system (like that of the US) where no power is reserved for subnational/smaller units of government (like states) Fusion of Powers: parliament acts as supreme legislative, executive, and judicial authority, which includes a monarch, House of Common & Lords9“Thank you Contoso for providing access to the tools I need to do my job! Beautiful!” ~Contoso Customer, Spokane, Washington
13 Political Economy and Development Britain’s history is heavily influenced by its colonial expansion and the Industrial RevolutionBritain soon came to rely on imported raw materials by 1800 through selling its goods overseas, primarily in Africa and AmericaInternational trade made Britain and international power, dominating militarily and economically up until WWI10
14 Political economy and development Welfare StatePost WWII, Labour Party is in power, creates welfare state in favor of a socialist modelCitizens sacrifice personal/private ownershipModern economy relies heavily on taxation, while providing free education and other benefits (though college tuition has recently tripled)11
15 Political economy and development Britain is abundant in natural gas, oil, and coalSelf-sufficient in petroleumMain trade partners include the EU (specifically Germany, France, Belgium, and the Netherlands) along with China and the USDue to its early colonial expansion, Britain was known as a “hegemonic power”, controlling alliances and the international economic order and shaping domestic political developments in countries throughout the world12
16 Political economy and development Collectivism: Used to describe the consensus in government post-WWII with the goal of closing the gap between the rich and the poor, bolstering the middle class citizen13The current welfare state includes many positive rights, including the access to free public education and healthcare, pensions, unemployment benefits and assistance to the poorIn this model, Britain accepts full responsibility for economic growth and employment of its citizensso that our children can enjoy the same resources and beauty that we have for generations.
17 ThatcherismMargaret Thatcher, Britain’s PM from , played an instrumental role in the improvement of the economy with her winning leadership of the Conservative Party in 1975Known – perhaps infamous – for her drastic cuts in social programming, she jumpstarted the economy, monetarist viewFrom Thatcher’s time through the mid-90’s and early 2000’s, Britain’s economy was faring well in the economic sphere until the 2008 stock market crashBritain’s current policy focuses on macroeconomic policy, which generally targets inflation to promote growth14
18 International Relations General Trends“splendid isolation” – late 19th century not involved in many global affairs with the exception of colonizationDuring colonist expansion, Britain maintained strength and power in the global sphere, until the granting of independence to former British holdingsBritain is a great power, no longer a superpower, that is a member of the UN Security Council and maintains relations with the EUDavid Cameron – “face” and “voice” of Britain, works as a diplomat to carry out domestic and foreign affairs
19 Politics in Transition Race Relations/ImmigrationMinorities are subject to unequal treatment by the police and physical harassment by citizens, while facing issues of economic success and job security – death of Stephen LawrenceRelationship with the EUGeographical distance separates Britain from the rest of Europe, causing a divide – trade and economy, relations, etc.Question of the MonarchyIs the monarchy an outdated, unnecessary institution? Should Northern Ireland become independent?
20 Works CitedDarlington, Roger. "British Political System." British Political System. December 20, Accessed March 7, James, Lawrence. The Rise and Fall of the British Empire. New York: St. Martin's Press, Kesselman, Mark, Joel Krieger, and William A. Joseph. Introduction to Comparative Politics. 6th ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, “How Laws Are Made.” UK Parliament. Accessed March 2, “General Elections.”UK Parliament. Accessed March 2,
21 Endnotes1.Kesselman, Mark, Joel Krieger, and William A. Joseph. Introduction to Comparative Politics Ibid 3. Ibid, James, Lawrence. The Rise and Fall of the British Empire. New York: St. Martin's Press, “General Elections.”UK Parliament. Accessed March 2, Ibid 7. “How Laws Are Made.” UK Parliament. Accessed March 2, Kesselman, 65.