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GERD Brandon Hoff. What is GERD? Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Acid Reflux Disease.

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Presentation on theme: "GERD Brandon Hoff. What is GERD? Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Acid Reflux Disease."— Presentation transcript:

1 GERD Brandon Hoff

2 What is GERD? Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease Acid Reflux Disease

3 What is GERD? Failure of the gastroesophageal sphincter Irritation and inflammation of the esophagus from stomach acid Effects 1/3 of the population at least once a month Effects 10% of the population on a daily basis

4 Basic Anatomy of the Upper GI Tract Mouth Pharynx Esophagus Stomach

5 Gastroesophageal Sphincter AKA: Lower Esophageal Sphincter; Cardiac Sphincter Ring of muscle on the inferior portion of the esophagus between the esophagus and stomach Prevents food and stomach content from reentering the esophagus

6 Gastroesophageal Sphincter Normal Function Relaxes during swallowing to allow food to pass Constricts after ingestion to prevent the back flow of food Function with GERD The sphincter relaxes between swallowing which allows stomach content and corrosive acid to enter the esophagus Causes damage to the lining of the esophagus

7 Stomach vs. Esophagus Stomach pH Goblet Cells Provides an alkaline layer of mucus to protect the stomach lining. Esophagus pH Around 7.0 No Goblet Cells

8 Causes unclear Things that make the sphincter weaker Lifestyle Medications Diet Eating Habits Other Medical Problems

9 Lifestyle Alcohol Cigarettes Poor posture (slouching)

10 Medications Calcium Channel Blockers Theophylline

11 Diet Fatty & Fried Foods Chocolate Onions Garlic Caffeine Acidic Foods Spicy Foods Mint

12 Eating Habits Large Meals Eating 2-3 Hours Before Bedtime

13 Other Medical Causes Hiatal Hernia Pregnancy Diabetes with Rapid Weight Gain

14 Symptoms Heartburn is the most common Starts in the upper abdomen and spreads up the neck Can last up to two hours Worse after eating Not everyone with GERD has Regurgitation of bitter acid while sleeping or bending over Bitter taste Persistent dry cough Hoarseness Tightness in throat Wheezing

15 Complications of GERD Esophagitis & Ulcers

16 Complications of GERD (cont) Bleeding

17 Complications of GERD (cont) Stricture

18 Complications of GERD (cont) Laryngopharyngeal Reflex

19 Complications of GERD (cont) Respiratory Problems Asthma 75% have GERD

20 Complications of GERD (cont) Cancer of the Esophagus

21 Treatment Relieve Symptoms Prevent Damage to the Esophagus

22 Medical Treatment Lifestyle changes Medications Antacids PPI’s Block the production of stomach acid Coating agents Protects mucus membranes and sores by providing another layer Promotility Agents Tightens the sphincter and promotes faster emptying of the stomach Surgery Last option Fundoplication Suturing of the fundus around the inferior part of the esophagus  Forms a one-way valve  Increases the pressure in the lower portion on the esophagus

23 Emergency Situations in Pt. with GERD Severe chest pain or pressure Especially if it radiates Vomiting blood Vomiting with chest pain Dark tarry stool Difficulty swallowing solids and liquids

24 Summary What GERD is Causes Complications Treatment Emergency Management

25 References Donley, Kelli M. "GERD, Asthma Connection Vague: Research Continues." Endonurse.Com. 1 Sept May "Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)." Emedicinehealth. 10 Aug May Gillson, Sharon. "Causes of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease." About.Com. 2 Jan May "Heartburn/GERD Health Center." Webmd. 18 May Lehrer, Jenifer K. "The Heartburn (Acid Reflex) Health Topic." Mdhelp.Com. 3 May May "What Causes GERD?" GERD.Com. Nov May 2008.

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