Presentation on theme: "Understanding and Preparing for the CRCT Strategies and Tips to Improve Student Performance."— Presentation transcript:
Understanding and Preparing for the CRCT Strategies and Tips to Improve Student Performance
Tonight’s Presenters Kelli Jones, School Psychologist Kendra Berry, Advanced Learning Programs Lucille Carlisle, Professional School Counselor Dana Gillian, Professional School Counselor Cindy Dorsey, Professional School Counselor Maria Chu, ESOL Teacher and Interpreter
What is the CRCT? The CRCT Test The Criterion Referenced Competency Test (CRCT) is administered to students in the Georgia school system. Read this article to learn about the specifics of this state-wide assessment test. Georgia's Criterion-Referenced Competency Tests are used to determine how students are learning and performing in the Georgia school environment. Georgia law requires all first to eighth grade students to take the CRCT in the subjects of reading, language arts, and mathematics. Third to eighth graders also test in science and social studies.
What Makes the CRCT Different from Other Norm- Referenced Tests? The CRCT is different from norm-referenced tests (NRTs). The CRCT is designed to see how well a student acquires, learns, and uses the specific skills and goals outlined in an instructional unit or year-long curriculum. The Georgia CRCT is designed specifically to test the state's educational content standards. NRTs are designed for use throughout the entire nation and test to national standards. They compare students along an achievement spectrum. With the results of these tests, parents and teachers are able to see how individual students compare with other students in their class, school district, state and nation. These tests help educators and administration determine the effectiveness of their school's education.
CRCT Content Weights Reading 2008-2009 Third Grade Reading Literacy Comprehension 60% Reading for Information 20% Reading Skills and Vocabulary Acquisition 20% Fifth Grade Reading Literacy Comprehension 40% Reading for Information 40% Reading Skills and Vocabulary Acquisition 20%
CRCT Content Weights Math 2008-2009 Third Grade Numbers and Operations 50% Measurement 18% Geometry 12% Algebra 10% Data Analysis 10% Fifth Grade Numbers and Operations 50% Measurement 18% Geometry 12% Algebra 10% Data Analysis 10%
Scale Score and Performance Levels The scale score reported for each content area is derived by converting the number of correct responses on the test (the raw score) to the CRCT scale. Since the scale scores are equivalent across test forms within the same content area and grade, students obtaining the same score have demonstrated the same level of performance with respect to the GPS.
Scores at or above 850 indicate a level of performance that Exceeds the Standard set for the test. Scores from 800–849 indicate a level of performance that Meets the Standard set for the test. Scores below 800 indicate a level of performance that Does Not Meet the Standard set for the test
Testing Mechanics How Can I Help My Child Be More Prepared For a Test
Pop Quiz Which of the following is true about multiple-choice tests: a. Everybody takes them b. They're not always fun c. You can improve your test-taking skills d. All of the above Pencils down!
The correct choice is answer d. While multiple-choice tests are among the most popular testing forms, they're also among the easiest at which to improve using provided strategy.
The Process of Elimination Go through each answer to a question and eliminate as many of the answer choices as possible. By eliminating two answer choices, you can vastly improve your chances of getting the item correct. It is recommended that you attempt to answer each question, since your score is calculated based on how many questions you get right, and unanswered or incorrectly answered questions receive no credit.
Example How old was Martin Luther King when he died? A. 85 years old (too old) B. 39 years old C. 57 years old D. 13 years old (a young boy)
Another Example Use Number Sense or Estimation to rule out wrong choices. Students at Bullard Elementary collected labels from cans. The third grade class collected 247 labels, and the fourth grade collected 236 labels. How many labels did they collect in all? A. 13 B. 411 C. 483 D. 583
We can rule out the answer choice 13 because we are adding and 13 is less than either of the addends. We can also estimate to rule out other answer choices. Round 247 to the nearest 10, 250 Round 236 to the nearest 10, 240 Then add, 490 411 is to low 583 is to high
The Process of Elimination is Valuable If you eliminate one choice you have a 25% chance of having the correct answer Eliminate two a 33% chance Eliminate three 50%
Read and Re-Read Teach your child to read the test question or statement carefully at least twice. Be sure they are reading all of the answer choices, not jumping to conclusions before they have read all the choices.
A Steady Pace Wins the Race Keep a steady pace and do not let more difficult questions affect your attitude and steal your valuable time. Students often cloud their minds by lingering over difficult questions. Moving on and finding success with other questions is a better method. When you finish, go back to those left blank.
Supporting Ideas or Details Supporting Ideas or Details: These test questions are about the little details in a story. For example: “What color was Timothy’s skateboard in the story?” Go back to the story and find the answer. These questions force you to figure out something in the passage. There will be clues in the passage. The question may have the phrase “most likely” in it.
Read to Understand Not to Remember On the CRCT Reading, the passages are fiction or nonfiction and the answers are multiple choice. There are four types of reading questions: Main Idea, Word Meaning, Supporting Details and Inferences. · Read to understand –not to remember. Think of this test as an open book test. Look back in the passage for detail questions. · Don't look for the answer in the passage if the question is inference-based. A careful reader needs to make educated guesses based on facts the author provides.
Main Idea or Summarization Questions These questions are usually written something like, “What is this story mostly about?” or “What’s the main idea?” or “Which sentence best tells about this story?” The answer is not stated exactly in the story, so this is a “think about it” type
Word Meanings Some test questions will focus on the meaning of a word. The words chosen for these items are supposed to be new words, so it shouldn’t bother you if you’ve never heard of the word. Look back in the passage and find the word in the sentence. The words in that sentence (or the sentence before or after) should give clues about the word meaning. Try replacing the word with one of the choices from the test.
Word Meaning Example In the story, Alexander enjoyed staying at expensive hotels and eating at the best restaurants. His friends thought that he led an extravagant life. Extravagant means A. cheap B. hard C. spending carelessly D. sad
Inferences Inference is a conclusion reached through reasoning. Inference is used to reach conclusions when information is implied but not stated as a certainty. You make inferences about story elements based in details in a story.
Example of Inference Question When the Smith children got home from summer camp, they noticed that the TV and VCR were not in the family room. What most likely happened while they were away? A. Grandmother came for a visit. B. The dog ate them. C. There was a flood. D. Their parents moved them to another room.
Understand What's Being Asked One of the biggest challenges with multiple choices is to not misinterpret what's being asked: some choices will be related to the subject but won't answer the question. For instance, Why do some birds fly south for the winter? 1. Because they have feathers 2. Because they migrate to warmer climates 3. Because they eat birdseed 4. Because they fly in patterns All of the choices are true about birds, but only one choice — answer b — answers the question asked.
Vocabulary Prefixes If you’re having trouble with a word in the question or answer choices, try dissecting it. Take advantage of every clue that the word might include. Prefixes and suffixes can be a huge help. Usually they allow you to determine a basic meaning. Pre- means before, post- means after, pro - is positive, de- is negative. From these prefixes and suffixes, you can get an idea of the general meaning of the word and try to put it into context. Beware though of any traps. Just because con is the opposite of pro, doesn’t necessarily mean congress is the opposite of progress!
CRCT Common Vocabulary Terms Test development sometimes results in terms being used on a test that may be unique to the test. Listed below are terms that may be used in Georgia’s Criterion- Referenced Competency Tests. In many instances, these terms may represent concepts included in Georgia’s Performance Standards. This is only a sample list and is not meant to be comprehensive.
Know The Vocabulary CRCT Common Vocabulary Terms CRCT Key Terms- Reading and English Language Arts Grades 1-3 Action word (verbs) Best order (sequence) Combine sentences (conjunctions) Complete sentence Compound predicate Compound subject Describing words (adjectives) Ending sounds (rhyming words) Imperative sentences Modifier (adjective) Mostly about (main idea) Naming word (noun)
Opinion Opposite (antonym) Passage (story) Root word (base word) Simple predicate Simple subject Sounds like (homophones) Transition Types of sentence (telling, asking, command, excitement, supporting) Word parts (syllables)
Grades 4-5 (Reading and English Language Arts) Conjunctions Context clues Draw conclusion Fragment Impose Inference Irrelevant Main idea Mainly Means opposite of Means the same as Modifier
Math Grades 1-3 Angles Area Best unit Difference Digit Equal to Equivalent Estimate Even and odd numbers Factor Fraction Greater than Less than Lines of symmetry Measurement (width, height, length) Model Money value Number is closest (nearest to) Number line Number pattern
Number sentence Number sentence is same as Older (more) Operations (addition, subtraction, multiplication, division) Ordinal number Pie Same as Solve Value equals View as Whole number Younger (less) Acknowledgement: Many of the words in this list are borrowed from the work of selected Gwinnett County Public School educators.
Grades 4-5 Math Algebraic Balanced Common denominator Computation Coordinates on a grid Digit Doubling Estimate Expanded notation Geometric figures In all (total) Least likely/most likely Model Number sentence Patterns Perimeter
Place value Prime number Probability Problem solving strategy Product Properties Remainder Rename Rounded to Simplest forms Sum Symbol for does not equal