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PAIN MANAGEMENT AT THE END OF LIFE KELLI GERSHON, FNP-BC, ACHPN SYMPTOM MANAGEMENT CONSULTANTS (SMC)

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Presentation on theme: "PAIN MANAGEMENT AT THE END OF LIFE KELLI GERSHON, FNP-BC, ACHPN SYMPTOM MANAGEMENT CONSULTANTS (SMC)"— Presentation transcript:

1 PAIN MANAGEMENT AT THE END OF LIFE KELLI GERSHON, FNP-BC, ACHPN SYMPTOM MANAGEMENT CONSULTANTS (SMC) KELLI@PALLIATIVEMEDICINE.US

2 DISCLOSURES The presenter has no real or perceived conflicts of interest that relate to this presentation.

3 OBJECTIVES 1) Describe pain assessment in the patient at the end of life 2) Discuss nursing interventions to relieve pain for the patient at the end of life 3) Discuss pain management in the transition of a patient from inpatient to home

4 INTRODUCTION Who am I? Who are You?

5 MRS. SMITH 32 y.o female with advance breast cancer Admitted to acute care hospital for uncontrolled abdominal pain Consult Palliative care for uncontrolled pain, “NOT END OF LIFE”

6 MRS. SMITH Subjective Pain is 10/10 On going pain in her left chest wall, right groin area and bilateral feet New acute pain which brought her to the hospital in her stomach Has nausea with vomiting Pain worse at night Constipation Denies SOB

7 MRS. SMITH PMH: Breast cancer mets to brain, bone, lymph nodes, lung and liver s/p chemo and XRT PSH: Mastectomy, Craniotomy, Port placement, tonsillectomy Social: Married (to renew vows in 4 days), 3 children (5 y.o. 7 y.o. and 10 y.o.)

8 MRS. SMITH DIVING DEEPER INTO SUBJECTIVE ESAS Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale Mini Mental State Exam Memorial Delirium Assessment Scale CAGE questioner

9 ESAS

10 MRS. SMITHPAIN COMPLAINT Is pain what ever your patient says it is? What factors could influence someone's expression of pain?

11 MINI MENTAL STATE EXAM

12 MDAS MEMORIAL DELIRIUM ASSESSMENT SCALE

13 CAGE QUESTIONER 1) Have you ever tried to cut down on your drinking? 2) Has anyone ever annoyed you discussing your drinking? 3) Have you ever felt guilty about your drinking? 4) Have you ever had to have an eye opener?

14 MRS. SMITH Objective Vitals BP 106/72 R 12 P110 Pulse Ox 94% Temp 98.9 PE: PERRL; oral mucosal dry; S1S2 tachy; lungs dec right greater than left; hypoactive bs with slight distention; + 2 edema bil le; nuero MDAS 7/30 Labs of importance: WBC 14.4, H/H 8.5/24.7, Bun 65, Creatine 1.3, Albumin 2.1, Calcium 7.2 Diagnostic: Upper GI showed esophagitis with possible fungal component

15 MRS. SMITH Medications Duragesic 300 mcg q 72 hours Hydrocodone/Acetaminophen 10/325 1 po q 4 hours prn (takes 6 per day) Hydromorphone 2 mg 1 po q 4 hours prn (takes about 5 per day) Morphine Extended Release 30 mg po BID Gabapentin 300 mg po tid Lidoderm patch daily to back Started at hospital hydromorphone PCA with 1.5 mg basal rate and 0.5 mg IV q 15 minutes prn pain

16 MRS. SMITH “Opioid Soup” what’s wrong with it……. Where do we start? What does the nurse need to know?

17 MRS. SMITH Morphine Equivalent Daily Dose (MEDD) Converts all opioids to the same currency They all have their exchange rate Gives the practitioner a chance to understand the total dose

18 EQUAL ANALGESIC CHART NameIVPOMorphine 10 mg30 mgn/a Hydrocodone5 mg = 5 mg Hydromophone2 mg4 mgIV 10 to 1 (x10 to po) PO 5 to 1 (x5 to po) Duragesicn/a 50 mcg=100 mg (x2 to po) Oxycodone10 mg = 15 mg (x15 to po)

19 METHADONE MEDD Oral MEDD (mg/day) Oral morphine: oral methadone < 30 2:1 30-99 4:1 100-299 8: 1 300-499 12:1 500-999 15:1 > 1000 20:1

20 MRS. SMITH MEDD Duragesic 300 mcg = 600 mg Hydrocodone/Acetaminophen 10/325 1 po q 4 hours prn (takes 6 per day)= 60 mg Hydromorphone 2 mg 1 po q 4 hours prn (takes about 5 per day) = 50 mg Morphine Extended Release 30 mg po BID= 60 mg Hydromorphone used 60 mg IV over 24 hours= 600 Hospital MEDD= 600+60+50+60+600= 1370 Home MEDD= 770 about

21 MRS. SMITH Pain medication orders Methadone 15 mg po q 6 hours ATC Stopped duragesic, take off Decrease Basal rate by ½ in am then d/c completely next day Hydromorphone 4 mg to 8 mg IV q 2 hours prn Hydromorphone 8 mg po to 16 mg po q 4 hours prn

22 MRS. SMITH Other orders Treating fungal infection esophagus Educated patient on timing of pain meds Discussed plan, multiple plans are better than no plan Discussed depression, anxiety and “fears” Educated nurse on “suffering” and “chemical coping”

23 MRS. SMITH Nurses Role 1) Great Subjective exam including rule out delirium 2) Develop therapeutic relationship while establishing boundaries 3) Help with “timing” of medications 4) Help to identify other coping strategies 5) Patient advocate to discuss plans and appropriate health care providers

24 MRS. SMITH HOMEWARD BOUND Need to be on long acting and short acting oral medication at least 12 hours prior to discharge Bowls need to be moving Need to try to simulate home activity at hospital to make sure pain is controlled Need to obtain triplicate scripts for opioids Establish home care program

25 MRS. SMITH Home Care Options 1) Home with no services 2) Home with outpatient follow up (limited number of palliative clinics) 3) Home with home health (Palliative care if able) 4) Home hospice

26 MRS. SMITH Pain was well controlled with MEDD being around 900 Patient was able to express concern about caring for children alone while husband at work Patient able to say she is “sad” but not depressed Family meeting with husband, mother, grandmother and oncologist to make a plan Discharged home on Friday night and renewed her vows on Saturday afternoon Followed at home on home health palliative care program

27 QUESTIONS Thank you to HPNA! Get involved if you enjoyed today!


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