Oil Paints developed in Flanders Oil paint: mixture of dry pigments with oils, turpentine, and sometimes varnish Allowed artists to create various surface textures: Transparent smooth glaze Thick richly textured surface Line, form, & color controlled to create subtle, varied, 3-D works
Oil Paints (cont.) More brilliant colors Allowed blending of color areas Aerial perspective refined: hazy appearance of objects farthest from viewer. Help achieve realistic light and shadow = consistent shadow = realistic picture
Oil Paints (cont.) Remained wet and could work on it for extended length of time Able to include more details & make corrections
Central lower panel: Adoration of the Lamb Lamb (Christ) on altar of sacrifice Controls flow of light: light is crystal clear Atmospheric perspective to create illusion of deep space.
Martyrs Cross Pigeon = Holy Spirit Angels carry 4 symbols of the Passion Eternal Life Old Testament figures Church Authorities Apostles Virgins Pillar of flagellation Spear of VinegarSpear of piercing
St Jerome in His Study Nature Sensitive use of light and color Variety of textures
Rogier van der Weyden Combined concern for detail with emphasis on emotional impact of his subject matter
Dignity suggested by: lowered eyes, locked fingers, frail build Wealth suggested by: gold belt buckle and rings Portrait of a Lady
The Descent from the Cross Human Emotion Each face expresses different emotion Space between Christ’s right and Mary’s left = void between living and dead
The Descent from the Cross (cont.) Organization: use of repeating curved axis lines Two figures at each side bend inward to direct attention to Christ and Mary Christ’s body forms an S curve (repeated in the curve of his fainting mother)
The Descent from the Cross (cont.) Use of emphasis: no deep space Figures placed in shallow space but not crowded Placed on a narrow stage with no landscape behind Faces differ from each other
Hugo van der Goes Combined emotionalism of van der Weyden w/realistic detail of Jan van Eyck Altered nature & proportions of people/objects when those changes added to emotional impact of his pictures Took liberties with space to increase emotional appeal
The Adoration of the Shepherds Tipped floor of stable upwards to provide better view & bring viewer into it Sad & withdrawn figures of Mary and Joseph bring to mind Christ’s future death
Adoration of the Shepherds (cont.) Shepherds: expressions show the piety of the ordinary, uneducated people of the world based on blind faith; First artist to represent peasants in a painting Use of proportion and movement
Wheat = Communion Bread Purple columbine = Mary’s sorrows Shoe = Holy Event Ox = Faithful Christians Donkey = Fail to see Savior White lilies = Purity Orange lilies = The Passion Castle = House of David
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