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Classical Period is rooted in Homer’s writings.  The Acropolis was built prior to the Peloponessian War in 430 BCE as a monument to the political and.

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Presentation on theme: "Classical Period is rooted in Homer’s writings.  The Acropolis was built prior to the Peloponessian War in 430 BCE as a monument to the political and."— Presentation transcript:

1 Classical Period is rooted in Homer’s writings

2  The Acropolis was built prior to the Peloponessian War in 430 BCE as a monument to the political and cultural achievements of Athens. The citizens of Athens would retreat to the Acropolis during enemy invasions.

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9 TEMPLE OF ZEUS 456 BCE. DESTROYED BY EARTHQUAKE SEVERAL CENTURIES LATER SARCOPHAGUS

10 It was during this time that democracy was born in Athens, that the Greek theatre produced some of its greatest playwrights, and that philosophers such as Socrates and Plato challenged man's thought processes. During this era, Greece also produced architectural phenomena such as the Parthenon and art and sculpture that has been admired over the centuries. The polytheistic society of the day also made advances in poetry, science and medicine, and recorded history.Greek theatrearchitectural phenomenaart and sculpturepolytheistic It was during this time that democracy was born in Athens, that the Greek theatre produced some of its greatest playwrights, and that philosophers such as Socrates and Plato challenged man's thought processes. During this era, Greece also produced architectural phenomena such as the Parthenon and art and sculpture that has been admired over the centuries. The polytheistic society of the day also made advances in poetry, science and medicine, and recorded history.Greek theatrearchitectural phenomenaart and sculpturepolytheistic

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12 APHRODITE WITH SON, EROS, BEING SEDUCED BY PAN PERSEUS HOLDING THE HEAD OF MEDUSA

13 Very primitive war helmet from early Bronze Age made of boar’s tusk. Accompanying shields were usually made of leather hide.

14 Phalanx Warfare Between the early 7th century and the mid-4th century B.C the Ancient Greeks adopted a form of warfare which set them apart from other contemporary civilizations in the Eastern Mediterranean. This involved the use of heavily-armed infantrymen call hoplites. They were supported by more lightly armed slingers and archers. They were distinguished by their round of wood and leather faced with bronze, their long thrusting-spear, and their protective armor of bronze: usually a helmet, a corselet and greaves.

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28 Grave Excavations Found in a fine state of preservation Died around BCE. He was a mature man with considerable degeneration of the spine. His vertebrae and ribs were fused together and looked like molten wax. He had lost several teeth and had an abscess on his upper left jaw.

29 Grave Excavation Found with numerous grave offerings. Died around BCE. He was a young, adult male who had osteoarthritis in arms and neck probably as a result of labor and/or battle. He suffered from malnutrition during his childhood and had bad teeth.


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