Presentation on theme: "Igniting Understanding through Reading Comprehension Strategies Instructions DO NOW: Please take a sheet and complete the first two columns of the K-W-L."— Presentation transcript:
1Igniting Understanding through Reading Comprehension Strategies Instructions DO NOW:Please take a sheet and complete the first two columns of the K-W-L chartIf you would like this PowerPoint now, please me and I will forward it to you before we begin.
2POP QUIZ Skimming Making Connections Scanning Igniting Understanding through Reading Comprehension Strategies InstructionsPOP QUIZSkimmingScanningAsking QuestionsClarifying VocabularyVisualisingMaking Inferences/ InferringMaking ConnectionsDetermining Important IdeasSynthesisingRepairing ComprehensionWhat is reading comprehension?
3MOVING FROM DECODING TO COMPREHENDING AlverroBut proficient reading comprehension is a “complex process involving knowledge, experience, thinking, and teaching”(Durkin, 1994, cited in Harvey & Goudvis, 2007, p. 14)Simple View of ReadingReading Comprehension=Decoding+Language Comprehension (aural)When a baby giraffe is born it is already six feet tall.What are reading disabilities?
4SPECIFIC COMPREHENSION Types of Reading DisabilityDYSLEXIAPROFICIENT READERMIXED RDSPECIFIC COMPREHENSIONDEFICITHow do reading disabilities develop?
5Roads to reading disability (Spear-Swerling & Sternberg, 1996) Spear-Swerling, L., & Sternberg, R. L. (1996). Roads to reading disability. In Off track: When poor readers become "learning disabled" (pp ). Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
6Reading is not just ACTIVE but INTERACTIVE A book “…is a printed circuit for your own life to flow through”.“You’re imagining the words, the sounds of the words, and you are thinking of the various characters in terms of people you’ve known – not in terms of the writer’s experience, but your own”.(E. L. Doctorow, in Plimpton, 1998, cited in Harvey & Goudvis, 2007, p. 13)Reading is “an act of composition”“stimulate their own thinking”“Readers construct and maintain understanding by merging their thinking with the text.“ongoing inner conversation with the author… a dialogue of sorts”(Harvey & Goudvis, 2007, p.21)Am I not already teaching reading comprehension?
7AIMS of teaching reading comprehension strategies “Comprehension strategies are a means to an end, not an end in themselves. Teaching strategies for strategies sake is simply not the point.”(Harvey & Goudvis, 2007, p. 14, emphasis added)cCommon problem with RC “instruction” in schools Assessing vs. TeachingTo get readers to:think when they readdevelop an awareness of their thinkinguse actively the knowledge they gleanWhat are reading comprehension strategies?
8Reading Comprehension Strategies A repertoire of strategies that “active, thoughtful readers use when constructing meaning from text” (Harvey & Goudvis, 2007, p. 17).Pearson, Dole, Duffy & Roehler (1992):Searching for Connections (e.g. using schema - Dr Moira Sweetnam Evans)Asking QuestionsDrawing InferencesDetermining Important IdeasSynthesisingMonitoring & Repairing ComprehensionPresley (1976) & Keene & Zimmerman (1997) added:Sensory imaging/ VisualisingOther important skills:SkimmingScanningClarifying VocabularyHow should I teach RCS?
9Gradual Release of Responsibility Introduce the strategies explicitlyModel their useGuide students to use the strategiesAllow students to use them on their own and provide opportunities to practice! (repeated reading)BEST PRACTICEMetacognitive Approach:teaching students to be conscious of their inner conversation
10Activities to help students become aware of reading strategies LEARNING ACTIVITIESSkimmingScanningAsking QuestionsClarifying VocabularyVisualisingMaking Inferences/ InferringMaking ConnectionsDetermining Important IdeasSynthesisingRepairing ComprehensionMemory party gameQuick-fire quiz (beep)Sticky-notesDictionary racesDrawing picturesMatching meanings or single-statement competitionsT-S T-T T-W Y-chartAcetate sheets (OHTs) & w/b pensCharacter-limit summaries (420characters.net)Repeated readingSkimming – makes them aware eyes are movingScanning. Quick for an ‘ item’ give strategies to help e.g. verb may have ‘ to’ in front. Name has CL.Sticky notes idea. Write q about text and put on board. Using reading strategies to help from answers. Works v well for Tomorrow When War Began. Not all answers are in that chapter so q put on paper and then answered as text is read.Making Connections – that Y chart text to self etc.Sythesise. See website. Challenge so for Tomorrow. Shakes scene. Brainstorm main ideas, then develop into paragraph.Activities to help students become aware of reading strategies
11Inference The woman swore as the piece of lego punctured her heel. He slammed his fist on the table.Her face flushed red and she hurriedly looked away.He tiptoed down the passage stifling the need to laugh.Inference
12Final thoughts What can you do in your class in the next term/month? Repeated readingSchool JournalsDon’t shy away from challenging your students and use real texts (e.g. ; Reading of nuclear testing article)What can you do in your class in the next term/month?Final thoughts
13Strategies that Work: Teaching Comprehension for Understanding and Engagement – Harvey & Goudvis, (book) Teaching Reading Comprehension – Alison Davis (book) CSI: Comprehension Strategies Instruction (box)RESOURCES