2. What was the original purpose of the basilica? How is the basilica later reinterpreted by the Catholic Church?
3. What is this called? What is the purpose of this work of art?
4. What is this space called? How was it used? In many present-day (contemporary) houses, what has this space become?
5. What is this big “hole” called? This “hole” has two purposes: what are they?
6. This is drawing represents the plan of a typical Roman house. What does this plan reveal about what Romans wanted to accomplish? In other words, what did the Romans especially want or need in their private dwellings (in their domestic architecture)?
7. Identify the title of this relief and the larger work of which this relief is a part. Then, please explain what this relief is meant to argue. Please refer to specific visual elements within the relief.
8. Why is concrete so important to the Roman Empire ?
Part III: Comparisons Please write the answer using the “keyboard.” This question is worth 100 points. Please compare these two structures. In your written response, please make sure that you discuss the 1. political purpose of the structure, 2. the religious purpose of the structure, as well as 3. the technological advances which each structure makes manifest (shows in outward form). The best answers will link assertions to visual evidence (whenever it is possible); the writer will offer a claim and immediately connect that utterance to what can be “seen.” Specificity matters.
Kallikrates and Iktinos Parthenon, Acropolis, Athens 447-428 BCE