Presentation on theme: "St. George is the patron saint of England. His emblem, a red cross on a white background, is the flag of England, and part of the British flag. St George's."— Presentation transcript:
St. George is the patron saint of England. His emblem, a red cross on a white background, is the flag of England, and part of the British flag. St George's emblem was adopted by Richard the Lion Heart and brought to England in the 12th century. Richard the Lion Heart or Couer de Lion is otherwise known as Richard I, the King of England and the Angeling Empire ruler from 1189 to his death in 1199. He was a great military leader. One of the most popular Medieval flags is called Richard the Lion-heart Flag. It is a red flag designed with three golden lions which is the coat of arms of Richard the Lion Heart.
St George was a brave Roman soldier who protested against the Romans' torture of Christians and died for his beliefs. When Diocletian ordered the persecution of Christians, St George asked for personal interview with Emperor to plead for them. He professed his faith and resigned his military post. Arrest followed and he was martyred at Lydda in Palestine: he was shod in red-hot shoes, broken on a spiked wheel and immersed in quicklime. It is believed that the execution took place on 23d of April, 303 and this date was made the feast day of St George. St George served as a soldier under the Emperor Diocletian and visited England on a military mission.
In 1194 A.D. Richard I of England introduced the Cross of St. George, a red cross on a white ground, as an emblem of England. The king's soldiers wore St George's emblem on their tunics to avoid confusion in battle. The popularity of St George in England stems from the time of the early Crusades when it is said that the Normans saw him in a vision and were victorious.
But others affirms that Saint George was proclaimed chief patron of England when English soldiers under Henry V (1413-1422) won the battle of Agincourt. Some historics says that he was proclaimed Patron Saint of England in the reign of Edward III (1327-1377) and the Cross of St. George has become a national symbol since 1277.
The most famous legend of Saint George is of him slaying a dragon. In the Middle Ages the dragon was commonly used to represent the Devil. The slaying of the dragon by St George was first credited to him in the 12th century, long after his death. It is therefore likely that the many stories connected with St George's name are fictitious. This story was added later to the legend and was derived from the Pursues myth. Lidda is close to the scene of the legendary exploit of Pursues who slew the sea monster in rescuing Andromeda.
St. George travelled for many months by land and sea until he came to Libya. 'Every day,' said the old man, 'he demands the sacrifice of a beautiful maiden and now all the young girls have been killed. The king's daughter alone remains, and unless we can find a knight who can slay the dragon she will be sacrificed tomorrow. The king of Egypt will give his daughter in marriage to the champion who overcomes this terrible monster.' Here he met a poor hermit who told him that everyone in that land was in great distress, for a dragon had long ravaged the country.
The princess Sabra was being led by her attendants to the place of death. The knight spurred his horse and overtook the ladies. He comforted them with brave words and persuaded the princess to return to the palace. Then he entered the valley. When St. George heard this story, he was determined to try and save the princess, so he rested that night in the hermit's hut, and at daybreak set out to the valley where the dragon lived. When he drew near he saw a little procession of women, headed by a beautiful girl dressed in pure Arabian silk.
As soon as the dragon saw him it rushed from its cave, roaring with a sound louder than thunder. Its head was immense and its tail fifty feet long. But St. George was not afraid. He struck the monster with his spear, hoping he would wound it.
He smote the beast with his sword but the dragon poured poison on him and his armour split in two. Once more he refreshed himself from the orange tree and then, with his sword in his hand, he rushed at the dragon and pierced it under the wing where there were no scales, so that it fell dead at his feet. The dragon's scales were so hard that the spear broke into a thousand pieces and St. George fell from his horse. Fortunately he rolled under an enchanted orange tree against which poison could not prevail, so that the venomous dragon was unable to hurt him. Within a few minutes he had recovered his strength and was able to fight again.
St George is always depicted as a knight carrying a shield with a red cross (or a banner with a red cross), generally sitting upon a horse and always killing a dragon.