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What Was the Culture of Upper Paleolithic Peoples Like?  Upper Paleolithic cultures include a greater diversity of tools as well as a greater frequency.

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Presentation on theme: "What Was the Culture of Upper Paleolithic Peoples Like?  Upper Paleolithic cultures include a greater diversity of tools as well as a greater frequency."— Presentation transcript:

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2 What Was the Culture of Upper Paleolithic Peoples Like?  Upper Paleolithic cultures include a greater diversity of tools as well as a greater frequency of blade tools.  Pressure flaking techniques and the use of burins to fashion implements of bone and antler became widespread.  In Europe, success of large game hunting increased with the invention of the spear-thrower and nets aided in hunting of small game.  In Africa the earliest small points appropriate for arrowheads appear during this time period.

3 Cro-Magnons  The remains of ancient people who looked more like contemporary Europeans than Neandertals were discovered in 1868 at Les Eyzies in France, in a rock shelter together with tools of the Upper Paleolithic,40,000ya.  Consisting of eight skeletons, they are commonly referred to as Cro-Magnons, after the rock shelter in which they were found.

4 Visual Counterpoint  With a high forehead, the Cro-Magnon skull (left) is more like contemporary Europeans than the prominent brow ridge and sloping forehead seen in the Neandertal skull (right).  The Cro-Magnon skull has evidence of a fungal infection, perhaps from eating tainted mushrooms. Mushrooms are a tremendous delicacy in this region of France to this day.

5 Upper Paleolithic Technology  Upper Paleolithic tool kits are known for a preponderance of blade tools, with flint flakes at least twice as long as they are wide.  The earliest blade tools come from sites in Africa, but they do not make up the majority of the tool types until well into the Upper Paleolithic.

6 Blade Technique  During the Upper Paleolithic, a new technique was used to manufacture blades.  The stone is worked to create a striking platform; long almost parallel-sided flakes then are struck around the sides, providing sharp- edged blades.

7 Pressure Flaking  Two methods used for pressure flaking in which a bone, antler, or wooden tool is used to press rather than strike off small flakes.

8 Techniques of the Upper Paleolithic  The Solutrean bifaces of Europe were made using the pressure technique. Tools such as eyed needles and harpoons began to be manufactured out of bone as well.

9 Spear Throwers  Spear-throwers (atlatls) allowed Upper Paleolithic people to throw spears from a safe distance while maintaining accuracy.  Upper Paleolithic artists combined artistic expression with function, ornamenting spear-throwers with animal figures.

10 Upper Paleolithic Cultural Innovations

11 Lascaux Cave  These 17,000-year-old images, painted on a wall in the multichambered Lascaux Cave in the Dordogne region of southwest France, were discovered in 1940 by 4 teenage boys.  In addition to the Ice Age animals depicted here— horses, wild ox, rhino, and bison—the chambers of Lascaux feature renderings of other recognizable species.

12 Personal Adornment  Pendants and beads for personal adornment became common in the Upper Paleolithic. In Europe, most were made by Cro-Magnons, but some—like these shown here—were made by Neandertals. The earliest undisputed items of personal adornment are some 40,000- year-old beads from Africa made from ostrich egg shell.

13 The Spread of Upper Paleolithic Peoples  Expanded into regions previously uninhabited by their archaic forebears.  Colonization of Siberia began 42,000 y.a.  10,000 years later they reached the northeastern part of that region.

14 The Spread of Upper Paleolithic Peoples  60,000 y.a., people arrived in Australia and New Guinea.  They crossed at least 90 kilometers of water that separated Australia and New Guinea from the Asian continent throughout Paleolithic times.

15 Habitation of Australia and New Guinea  Dependent upon travel across the open ocean even during maximum glaciation when sea levels were low.  This figure represents the coastlines of Sahul and Sunda now and in the past.  As sea levels rose with melting glaciers, sites of early human habitation were submerged under water.

16 Upper Paleolithic Hut  Reconstruction of an Upper Paleolithic hut with walls of interlocked mammoth mandibles.


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