Presentation on theme: "Birth of Athena Theogony 886-898 Homeric Hymn to Athena (hymn 28) Masculine-femininity Virginity Parthenos- Parthenon."— Presentation transcript:
Birth of Athena Theogony Homeric Hymn to Athena (hymn 28) Masculine-femininity Virginity Parthenos- Parthenon
Birth of Athena (6 th century B.C.)
Birth of Athena 570 BC
Detail of Kylix- birth of Athena from Zeus. Greek New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Athens, c. 550 BCE showing birth of Athena from head of Zeus, with Hephaestus holding axe; signed by Phrynos as potter and attributed to the Phrynos Painter. London, British Museum.
The Parthenon (Myth-religion- politics) Built between B.C. Triumph of Greeks over Persians (480) Complex program of decoration East pediment-birth of Athena West pediment-victory of Athena over Poseidon (Athena with her spear grew an olive tree-Poseidon a salt spring with his trident)
Diagram showing positions of sculptures B.C.
METOPES: Battle between Centaurs and Lapiths-Representing struggle between justice and chaos.
PEDIMENT SCULPTURES West end of the temple depicted the contest between Poseidon and Athena, for who would be the patron deity of Athens (Athena's gift of the olive tree was preferred over Poseidon's spring). EAST pediment showed the birth of Athena from Zeus' head. The pedimental sculptures suffered badly when the Parthenon was hit in 1687
Parthenon FRIEZE The Parthenon frieze runs around the upper edge of the temple wall. Its relatively small size (3 feet 5 inches tall) and placement (inside from the triglyphs and metopes) made it fairly hard to see from the ground. Unlike the metopes, the frieze has a single subject on all four sides. On three sides (north, west, and south) Procession of horsemen, musicians, sacrificial animals, and other figures with various ritual functions. PANATHENAIC procession. MYTH and RITUAL
Ivory comb, ca 600 BC
Mourning Athena 460 BC- Relief
Bronze statuette holding owl c. 450 BC
Birth of Erichthonios 450 BC
Phrynos Painter, ca BC birth of Athena
Athena: Lanckoronski relief, 1st century BC
Athena and Arachne-corinthian aryballos 600 BC-Corinth museum
Judgement of Paris: Cranach, Lucas, 1508
Minerva victorious over Ignorance: Spranger, Bartholomeus, ca 1591