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The Creation Narrative Part 3 – The Creation of Man by David C. Bossard 19thPsalm.org.

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Presentation on theme: "The Creation Narrative Part 3 – The Creation of Man by David C. Bossard 19thPsalm.org."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Creation Narrative Part 3 – The Creation of Man by David C. Bossard 19thPsalm.org

2 LECTURE PART THREE THE CREATION OF MAN Creation of Man The Scientific Evidence for Human Beginnings --- Three lines of evidence: Cave Art Tools and artifacts Fossil bones and skeletons --- As we go, look for Human activity. What sets humans apart? 2

3 LECTURE PART THREE THE CREATION OF MAN Creation of Man A. The Scientific Evidence for Human Beginnings What Sets Humans Apart? 3 Painted by a Human? Font de Gaume Cave Male Reindeer Caressing Female ca. 19,000 BP, Magdelenian Era Cave discovered in 1901 Chavet Cave art Bison 30,340±570 BP Horses 26,980±420 BP Lions date ?? BP Cave discovered in 1995.

4 LECTURE PART THREE THE CREATION OF MAN Creation of Man A. The Scientific Evidence for Human Beginnings Lascaux Astronomy – Hall of Bulls 4

5 LECTURE PART THREE THE CREATION OF MAN Creation of Man Lascaux Astronomy 5 … but what Is this line?Pleiades … Orion's Belt … Taurus/Hyades … free-hdwallpapers.com

6 LECTURE PART THREE THE CREATION OF MAN Creation of Man A. The Scientific Evidence for Human Beginnings Lascaux "Astronomy" 6

7 LECTURE PART THREE THE CREATION OF MAN Creation of Man A. The Scientific Evidence for Human Beginnings Lascaux "Astronomy" 7

8 LECTURE PART THREE THE CREATION OF MAN Creation of Man 8

9 A. The Scientific Evidence for Human Beginnings  Fossil tools – stone, bone, wood, etc. 9 Use of tools: In the Genes or Learned behavior? Monarch Migration Must be in the genes! Neanderthals: Mousterian 300,000–30,000 BP Aterian: 80,000-40,000 BP Tool use? Genes? Innovative? Rote? "It has often been said that no animal uses any tools." Charles Darwin, Descent of Man (1874)

10 Creation of Man A. The Scientific Evidence for Human Beginnings  Fossil tools – stone, bone, wood, etc. 10 Facts to keep in mind… Tools are not uniquely human or even hominid There is an extensive fossil record of tools showing gradual advances over time - At what point do they indicate human activity? A simple point flaked from flint (Mousterian 300,000-30,000 BP Wooden spear cut/shaped from log (Schöningen 380, ,000 BP, discovered ca. 1995) scraper spear head Aterian Tang Tools (N. Africa, 80,000-40,000 BP)

11 Creation of Man A. The Scientific Evidence for Human Beginnings  Fossil tools – stone, bone, wood, etc. 11 Chatelperronian tools 35,000-29,000 BP Gravettian Tools 32,000-22,000 BP Aurignacian Tools 40,000-26,000 BP

12 Creation of Man A. The Scientific Evidence for Human Beginnings  Fossil tools – stone, bone, wood, etc. Summary: Evidence of Sustained Rational Innovation does not appear until 40,000 BP with the Cro-Magnons. The Stone tools of Neanderthals showed only minor innovation over vast periods of time.

13 Creation of Man A. The Scientific Evidence for Human Beginnings  Skeletal Fossil Evidence

14 Creation of Man  Skeletal Fossil Evidence 14 (A) Pan troglodytes, chimpanzee, modern (B) Australopithecus africanus, STS 5, 2.6 Ma (C) Australopithecus africanus, STS 71, 2.5 Ma (D) Homo habilis, KNM-ER 1813, 1.9 Ma (E) Homo habilis, OH24, 1.8 Ma (F) Homo rudolfensis, KNM-ER 1470, 1.8 Ma (G) Homo erectus, Dmanisi cranium D2700, 1.75 Ma (H) Homo ergaster (early H. erectus), KNM-ER 3733, 1.75 Ma (I) Homo heidelbergensis, "Rhodesia man," 300, ,000 BP (J) Homo sapiens neanderthalensis, La Ferrassie 1, 70,000 BP (K) Homo sapiens neanderthalensis, La Chappelle-aux-Saints, 60,000 BP (L) Homo sapiens neanderthalensis, Le Moustier, 45,000 BP (M) Homo sapiens sapiens, Cro-Magnon I, 30,000 BP (N) Homo sapiens sapiens, modern Source: Dr. Douglas Theobald, © 2000 Smithsonian Institution Carl Drews, Transitional Fossils of Hominid Skulls.Transitional Fossils of Hominid Skulls See also Wikipedia's List of Human Evolution Fossils.List of Human Evolution Fossils

15 Creation of Man  Skulls: Neanderthal, Cro-Magnon, and Modern Human 15 Chimp & Human Pharynx Neanderthal & Human Pharynx

16 Creation of Man 16  Skeletons: Neanderthal, Cro-Magnon, and Modern Human Why Neanderthals are not considered Human: (Ongoing – lots of info in the past 5 years) DNA evidence: Genetic DNA 96-99% match (depending on whom you ask!) Mitochondrial DNA (comes from mother only) -- Neanderthal mtDNA "half-way between human and chimp" Warning: These Percentages are just glosses – really need the details! Human genes "from Neanderthals" is another gloss! Again, need the details!  CONCLUDE: Humans likely did not mate with Neanderthals. (some say they didn't even co-exist! I think they may have.)

17 Creation of Man 17  CONCLUSIONS: Summary of the Creation Narrative - The Silent Voice - The Four Geneses Big Bang Creation of First Life (Bacteria) Creation of Eukaryotes Creation of Man - The Four Paradoxes Combinatoric Paradox Eigen Paradox Levinthau Paradox Regulatory Paradox

18 Creation of Man 18  CONCLUSIONS: Creation of Man All lines of evidence indicate that modern humans first appeared 40,000 – 30,000 BP. Cave Art: Definite human activity by 32,000 BP Tools: Notable lack of innovation prior to this Bones: Neanderthals not human ancestors.

19 The Genesis Creation Account Part 3 – The Creation of Man Preliminary Comment (not a part of the talk)

20 Supplement to Slide 10: Hominid Skull locations

21 Creation of Man -- SUPPLEMENTARY SLIDE 21 A. The Scientific Evidence for Human Beginnings  Remark on Evolutionary Rates of Change  Remarks on Generation Counts. -- Chimps to Humans (100, ,000 generations) million single nucleotide changes -- 5 million insertion/deletions -- Chromosomal rearrangements (24 to 23) -- Neanderthal to Cro-Magnon (8,000 generations)? -- Cro-Magnon to Human (2,000 generations)? -- Ur to Modern Human ( generations)?  Comparison on Generation Counts -- E-Coli (20 minutes): 100,000 generations in 4 years -- Cyanobacteria (1 day): 100,000 generations in 275 yrs. Since first life (3.9 Ba): 1-2 trillion generations "Realize of course that the 10, ,000 time window for the emergence of homo sapiens is a mere blink of time in which profound changes occurred. How could this possibily have been accounted for by natural, undirected change?" Ian Tattersall, Masters of the Planet, (2012)


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