Presentation on theme: "HIV/AIDS In The United States J.AD.DA.S. Table of Contents Epidemiology AIDS in the United States AIDS by ethnicity AIDS by exposure category AIDS deaths."— Presentation transcript:
Table of Contents Epidemiology AIDS in the United States AIDS by ethnicity AIDS by exposure category AIDS deaths and diagnoses Top Ten Cities/Dependencies AIDS In New York
What Is Epidemiology? The branch of medicine dealing with the incidence and prevalence of disease in large populations and with detection of the source and cause of epidemics of infectious disease.
AIDS In The United States AIDS was first identified in the USA in 1981. The epidemic has now spread to every part of the USA and to all sectors of society. It is thought that more than one million people are living with HIV in the USA and that more than half a million have died after developing AIDS.
AIDS Cases By Ethnicity At the end of 2005, the CDC estimates that 437,982 people were living with AIDS in the USA. The chart below shows the ethnicities of these people, revealing that African Americans have been disproportionately affected.
New York Persons who had HIV diagnosed during 2001 were more likely to be female, non-Hispanic black, younger (aged <45 years), and residents of the Bronx or Brooklyn. Among the 6,662 persons who had HIV diagnosed during 2001, a total of 4,325 (65%) were male, and 2,337 (35%) were female Non-Hispanic blacks accounted for 54%, Hispanics, 29%, non- Hispanic whites, 15% Of the 3,981 (60%) HIV-infected persons for whom transmission risk data were available, 1,534 (39%) were males who reported having sex with other males, 1,337 (34%) had high-risk heterosexual contact*, and 1,033 (26%) reported injection-drug use.
Bibliography http://www.avert.org/statsum.htm http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/surveillance/basic.htm http://www.unaids.org/en/HIV_data/epi2006/default.as phttp://www.unaids.org/en/HIV_data/epi2006/default.as p http://www.who.int/globalatlas/default.asp