Presentation on theme: "ANTIGONE (AN-TI-GAH-NEE) Sophocles and Greek Tragedy."— Presentation transcript:
ANTIGONE (AN-TI-GAH-NEE) Sophocles and Greek Tragedy
TRAGEDY IN GENERAL Involves downfall of hero, usually ending with his/her destruction or death (called?) Intense emotion/horrible truth that leads to release or “catharsis” From Aristotle: Arouses the emotions of pity and fear, wonder and awe Explores the interactions of gods and mortals Purifies the emotions
GREEK THEATER Produced as part of religious festivals Performed in outdoor theaters No scene changes, simple plots, focused on one day/setting/event Violence took place off stage – audience told through messengers
ACTORS AND CHORUS All actors were men – wore masks w/megaphones and platform shoes Chorus = Group of actors who moved/sang together – a “character” in Greek plays. Set the mood, summarize action, side w/certain characters, warn of disaster Choragos – leader of the chorus Prologue – explanation of background to set up the conflict of a story Parodos – opening song Strophe/ Antistrophe – group response to chorus leader (strophe right to left, antistrophe left to right) Ode – song from the chorus used to divide scenes, like a curtain
OTHER WORDS TO KNOW Paean – thanksgiving to Dionysus Exodos – final exiting scene Catharsis – purging of emotion, usually pity or fear (result of watching a tragedy – outcome for audience) Hubris – excessive pride or self-confidence
SOPHOCLES Wrote during “Golden Age” of ancient Greece 496 BC – 406 BC: 90 years old at death = ancient (pun intended…) Only 7 of his 100 plays remain Added third actor to cast of plays – previously dramas included 2 actors and the Chorus
ANTIGONE 3 rd of 3 plays about the Cadmus family (continuation of the story of Oedipus) Family curse for a crime committed against the gods King and Queen leave baby in the mountains to avoid the prophecy that the baby will kill his father and marry his mother (incest) Baby raised by king and queen of neighboring town (unbeknownst to the Cadmus family) As a man, the baby unknowingly kills the father, marries the mother, and has children --- doesn’t know the man he killed and the woman he married are his own father and mother.
ANTIGONE CONTINUED When mother finds out what they have done, she hangs herself. The son gouges out his own eyes and goes into exile, leaving his brother-in-law (mother’s brother) in charge of his children Leaves kingdom to his two sons who kill each other over power Brother-in-law becomes king, older brother receives burial ceremony, other younger brother does not (his soul will never rest). Sister buries younger brother against king’s orders (where play begins).
CADMUS FAMILY TREE Laius (Father) Jocasta (Mother) Oedipus (Son) Jocasta (Mother) Antigone (buries Polyneices) Ismene Eteocles (older) Polyneices (younger) Creon (Brother)