2Relative vs. Absolute Age What is Relative Age?The age of an object or event in comparison to another object or event.What is Absolute Age?The actual age, in years, of a rock or fossil.Tells how many years ago a rock or fossil was formed.
3Relative Age Methods of determining Relative Age: Law of Superposition Extrusion & IntrusionFaultsUnconformities
4What is the Law of Superposition? The Law of Superposition- inundisturbed SEDIMENTARYrock layers, the older layersare at the bottom andyounger layers areabove it.
5What is Extrusion?Extrusion is when magma cools on the surface of the earth.Forms a YOUNGER layer than the rock below.
10Extrusions? Intrusions? FGFirst of all, which rock layer is the oldest?What is this called?More rock layers are deposited on top of the extrusion.EXTRUSIONCDABEINTRUSION
11What is a Fault?Faults are a BREAK in the Earth’s crust due to tectonic plates colliding and rock layers being squeezed together.Faults are YOUNGER than the rock they cut through.Faults move over time, which causes rock layers to move.This makes it difficult to determine the age or the surrounding rock.
12Faults Faults move over time causing the rock layers to move. This crack in the rock layers is called a fault.
13FaultsAs more time goes by, more rock layers are added on top. Making aging the rock layers difficult.
14FaultsABCDEGeologists must then label each of the rock layers. This can be tough because they weren’t around to see the whole process occur.
15What is UnconformityUnconformity is when new rock layers meet a much older rock surface beneath.Shows wheresome rocklayers havebeen lost dueto erosion.