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LESSON 2.4 CREATING & SOLVING EQUATIONS & INEQUALITIES IN ONE VARIABLE

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Read the problem statement first. Identify the known quantities. Identify the unknown quantity or variable. Create an equation or inequality from the known quantities and variable(s). Solve the problem. Interpret the solution of the equation in terms of the context of the problem. RECALL THE STEPS TO CREATING EQUATIONS & INEQUALITIES

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Suppose two brothers who live 55 miles apart decide to have lunch together. To prevent either brother from driving the entire distance, they agree to leave their homes at the same time, drive toward each other, and meet somewhere along the route. The older brother drives cautiously at an average speed of 60 miles per hour. The younger brother drives faster, at an average speed of 70 mph. How long will it take the brothers to meet each other? 3 EXAMPLE 1

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Guided Practice: Example 3, continued 1.Read the statement carefully. 2.Identify the known quantities. 3.Identify the unknown variables. Suppose two brothers who live 55 miles apart decide to have lunch together. To prevent either brother from driving the entire distance, they agree to leave their homes at the same time, drive toward each other, and meet somewhere along the route. The older brother drives cautiously at an average speed of 60 miles per hour. The younger brother drives faster, at an average speed of 70 mph. How long will it take the brothers to meet each other? 4

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4.Create an equation or inequality from the known quantities and variable(s). The distance equation is d = rt or rt = d. Together the brothers will travel a distance, d, of 55 miles. (older brother’s rate)(t) + (younger brother’s rate)(t) = 55 5 1.2.1: Creating Linear Equations in One Variable

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Guided Practice: Example 3, continued The rate r of the older brother = 60 mph and The rate of the younger brother = 70 mph. (older brother’s rate)(t) + (younger brother’s rate)(t) = 55 60t + 70t = 55 6

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5.Solve the problem for the time it will take for the brothers to meet each other. It will take the brothers 0.42 hours to meet each other. 7 60t + 70t = 55Equation 130t = 55Combine like terms 60t and 70t. Divide both sides by 130. t = 0.42 hours

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EXAMPLE 2

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A radio station has no more than $25,000 to give away. They have decided to give away $1,000 three times a day every day until they have at least $4,000 left to award as a grand prize. How many days will the contest run? $1000 (3 times a day) + $4,000 (grand prize) no more than $25,000 EXAMPLE 3

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It costs Marcus an access fee for each visit to his gym, plus it costs him $3 in gas for each trip to the gym and back. This month it cost Marcus $108 for 6 trips to his gym. How much is Marcus’s access fee per visit? access fee x # of visits + $3 x # of trips = $108 EXAMPLE 4

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Jeff is saving to purchase a new basketball that will cost at least $88. He has already saved $32. At least how much more does he need to save for the basketball? saved $32 at least $88 EXAMPLE 5

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Rebecca bought p pairs of socks and received a 20% discount. Each pair of socks cost her $4.99. Her total cost without tax was $ How many pairs of socks did Rebecca buy? cost with discount x p = $29.94 EXAMPLE 6

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