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Who is THIS guy???. Romans Study Who is THIS guy?? And what is he going to talk about??

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Presentation on theme: "Who is THIS guy???. Romans Study Who is THIS guy?? And what is he going to talk about??"— Presentation transcript:

1 Who is THIS guy???

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3 Romans Study

4 Who is THIS guy?? And what is he going to talk about??

5 The Gospel I Corinthians 2:1-2 When I came to you, brothers, I did not come with eloquence or superior wisdom as I proclaimed to you the testimony about God. For I resolved to know nothing while I was with you except Jesus Christ and him crucified. I came to you in weakness and fear, and with much trembling. Romans 1:16-17 I am not ashamed of the gospel, because it is the power of God for the salvation of everyone who believes: first for the Jew, then for the Gentile. For in the gospel a righteousness from God is revealed, a righteousness that is by faith from first to last, just as it is written: "The righteous will live by faith."

6 The Gospel Martin Luther: The Gospel is center of all Christian doctrine, wherein the knowledge of all godliness consists. Most necessary it is, therefore, that we should: – know this doctrine well – teach it unto others

7 The Gospel Martin Luther: The Gospel is center of all Christian doctrine, wherein the knowledge of all godliness consists. Most necessary it is, therefore, that we should: – know this doctrine well – teach it unto others – and beat it into their heads continually

8 The Prodigal Son… Luke 15:11-31 The Parable of the Lost Son 11 Jesus continued: "There was a man who had two sons. 12 The younger one said to his father, 'Father, give me my share of the estate.' So he divided his property between them. 13 "Not long after that, the younger son got together all he had, set off for a distant country and there squandered his wealth in wild living. 14 After he had spent everything, there was a severe famine in that whole country, and he began to be in need. 15 So he went and hired himself out to a citizen of that country, who sent him to his fields to feed pigs. 16 He longed to fill his stomach with the pods that the pigs were eating, but no one gave him anything.

9 The Prodigal Son… Luke 15: "When he came to his senses, he said, 'How many of my father's hired men have food to spare, and here I am starving to death! 18 I will set out and go back to my father and say to him: Father, I have sinned against heaven and against you. 19 I am no longer worthy to be called your son; make me like one of your hired men.' 20 So he got up and went to his father.

10 The Prodigal Son… Luke 15:11-31 "But while he was still a long way off, his father saw him and was filled with compassion for him; he ran to his son, threw his arms around him and kissed him. 21 "The son said to him, 'Father, I have sinned against heaven and against you. I am no longer worthy to be called your son.'

11 The Prodigal Son… Luke 15: "But the father said to his servants, 'Quick! Bring the best robe and put it on him. Put a ring on his finger and sandals on his feet. 23 Bring the fattened calf and kill it. Let's have a feast and celebrate. 24 For this son of mine was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found.' So they began to celebrate.

12 The Prodigal Son… Application: 'The Prodigal Son‘ - Charlie Mackesy Are you the prodigal son? Have you found yourself a long way from God and now realize you are in need of a savior? God wants to reinstate you as a son.

13 The Prodigal Son… Luke 15:11-31 The Parable of the Lost Son 11 Jesus continued: "There was a man who had two sons. 12 The younger one said to his father, 'Father, give me my share of the estate.' So he divided his property between them. 13 "Not long after that, the younger son got together all he had, set off for a distant country and there squandered his wealth in wild living. 14 After he had spent everything, there was a severe famine in that whole country, and he began to be in need. 15 So he went and hired himself out to a citizen of that country, who sent him to his fields to feed pigs. 16 He longed to fill his stomach with the pods that the pigs were eating, but no one gave him anything.

14 The Context: Other Parables in the Neighborhood Luke 15:3-10 The Parable of the Lost Sheep 3 Then Jesus told them this parable: 4 "Suppose one of you has a hundred sheep and loses one of them. Does he not leave the ninety-nine in the open country and go after the lost sheep until he finds it? 5 And when he finds it, he joyfully puts it on his shoulders 6 and goes home. Then he calls his friends and neighbors together and says, 'Rejoice with me; I have found my lost sheep.' 7 I tell you that in the same way there will be more rejoicing in heaven over one sinner who repents than over ninety-nine righteous persons who do not need to repent.

15 The Context: Other Parables in the Neighborhood Luke 15:3-10 The Parable of the Lost Coin 8 "Or suppose a woman has ten silver coins and loses one. Does she not light a lamp, sweep the house and search carefully until she finds it? 9 And when she finds it, she calls her friends and neighbors together and says, 'Rejoice with me; I have found my lost coin.' 10 In the same way, I tell you, there is rejoicing in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner who repents.“

16 The Context: Who is Jesus Speaking to? Luke 15:1-2 The Parable of the Lost Sheep 1 Now the tax collectors and "sinners" were all gathering around to hear him. 2 But the Pharisees and the teachers of the law muttered, "This man welcomes sinners and eats with them." 3 Then Jesus told them this parable: 4 "Suppose one of you has a hundred sheep and loses one of them. …

17 The Older Brother… Luke 15:11-31 The Parable of the Lost Son 11 Jesus continued: "There was a man who had two sons. 12 The younger one said to his father, 'Father, give me my share of the estate.' So he divided his property between them. 13 "Not long after that, the younger son got together all he had, set off for a distant country and there squandered his wealth in wild living. 14 After he had spent everything, there was a severe famine in that whole country, and he began to be in need. 15 So he went and hired himself out to a citizen of that country, who sent him to his fields to feed pigs. 16 He longed to fill his stomach with the pods that the pigs were eating, but no one gave him anything.

18 The Older Brother… Luke 15: "But the father said to his servants, 'Quick! Bring the best robe and put it on him. Put a ring on his finger and sandals on his feet. 23 Bring the fattened calf and kill it. Let's have a feast and celebrate. 24 For this son of mine was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found.' So they began to celebrate. 25 "Meanwhile, the older son was in the field. When he came near the house, he heard music and dancing. 26 So he called one of the servants and asked him what was going on. 27 'Your brother has come,' he replied, 'and your father has killed the fattened calf because he has him back safe and sound.'

19 The Older Brother… Luke 15: "The older brother became angry and refused to go in. So his father went out and pleaded with him. 29 But he answered his father, 'Look! All these years I've been slaving for you and never disobeyed your orders. Yet you never gave me even a young goat so I could celebrate with my friends. 30 But when this son of yours who has squandered your property with prostitutes comes home, you kill the fattened calf for him!' 31 " 'My son,' the father said, 'you are always with me, and everything I have is yours. 32 But we had to celebrate and be glad, because this brother of yours was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found.' "

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21 The Older Brother… Luke 15: "The older brother became angry and refused to go in. So his father went out and pleaded with him. 29 But he answered his father, 'Look! All these years I've been slaving for you and never disobeyed your orders. Yet you never gave me even a young goat so I could celebrate with my friends. 30 But when this son of yours who has squandered your property with prostitutes comes home, you kill the fattened calf for him!' 31 " 'My son,' the father said, 'you are always with me, and everything I have is yours. 32 But we had to celebrate and be glad, because this brother of yours was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found.' "

22 The Older Brother… Luke 15: "The older brother became angry and refused to go in. So his father went out and pleaded with him. 29 But he answered his father, 'Look! All these years I've been slaving for you and never disobeyed your orders. Yet you never gave me even a young goat so I could celebrate with my friends. 30 But when this son of yours who has squandered your property with prostitutes comes home, you kill the fattened calf for him!' 31 " 'My son,' the father said, 'you are always with me, and everything I have is yours. 32 But we had to celebrate and be glad, because this brother of yours was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found.' "

23 The Older Brother… Luke 15: "The older brother became angry and refused to go in. So his father went out and pleaded with him. 29 But he answered his father, 'Look! All these years I've been slaving for you and never disobeyed your orders. Yet you never gave me even a young goat so I could celebrate with my friends. 30 But when this son of yours who has squandered your property with prostitutes comes home, you kill the fattened calf for him!' 31 " 'My son,' the father said, 'you are always with me, and everything I have is yours. 32 But we had to celebrate and be glad, because this brother of yours was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found.' "

24 The Pharisee’s Problem Dr. Timothy Keller …the main barrier between Pharisees and God is “not their sins, but their damnable good works.” …if you know you are sick – you will seek help, if you are sick and don’t know it, you wont seek help – you will just die. Tim Keller, crediting an unnamed seminary teacher Prodigal God, p 77 Prodigal God, p 66

25 Two Sons both wrong, both Loved Older Brother Loved the father’s wealth – not the father Younger Brother Loved the father’s wealth – not the father

26 Two Sons both wrong, both Loved Older Brother Loved the father’s wealth – not the father Younger Brother Loved the father’s wealth – not the father Driven by self-discovery

27 Two Sons both wrong, both Loved Older Brother Loved the father’s wealth – not the father Driven by moral conformity Younger Brother Loved the father’s wealth – not the father Driven by self-discovery

28 Two Sons both wrong, both Loved Older Brother Loved the father’s wealth – not the father Driven by moral conformity Younger Brother Loved the father’s wealth – not the father Driven by self-discovery Puts himself in authority by blatant disobedience –

29 Two Sons both wrong, both Loved Older Brother Loved the father’s wealth – not the father Driven by moral conformity Puts himself in authority by doing everything right – and demands a reward Younger Brother Loved the father’s wealth – not the father Driven by self-discovery Puts himself in authority by blatant disobedience –

30 Two Sons both wrong, both Loved Older Brother Loved the father’s wealth – not the father Driven by moral conformity Puts himself in authority by doing everything right – and demands a reward Younger Brother Loved the father’s wealth – not the father Driven by self-discovery Puts himself in authority by blatant disobedience – Self salvation – Setting his own course

31 Two Sons both wrong, both Loved Older Brother Loved the father’s wealth – not the father Driven by moral conformity Puts himself in authority by doing everything right – and demands a reward Self Salvation – Keeping all the moral laws and being very, very good Younger Brother Loved the father’s wealth – not the father Driven by self-discovery Puts himself in authority by blatant disobedience – Self salvation – Setting his own course

32 Two Sons both wrong, both Loved Older BrotherYounger Brother Get things by taking them himself

33 Two Sons both wrong, both Loved Older Brother Seeks to get things by moral manipulation of God Younger Brother Get things by taking them himself

34 Two Sons both wrong, both Loved Older Brother Seeks to get things by moral manipulation of God Younger Brother Get things by taking them himself Avoids Jesus by denying him and define right and wrong themselves

35 Two Sons both wrong, both Loved Older Brother Seeks to get things by moral manipulation of God Avoid Jesus by trying to obligate God by his own good works Younger Brother Get things by taking them himself Avoids Jesus by denying him and define right and wrong themselves

36 Two Sons both wrong, both Loved Older Brother Seeks to get things by moral manipulation of God Avoid Jesus by trying to obligate God by his own good works Younger Brother Get things by taking them himself Avoids Jesus by denying him and define right and wrong themselves Has a long list of visible sins

37 Two Sons both wrong, both Loved Older Brother Seeks to get things by moral manipulation of God Avoid Jesus by trying to obligate God by his own good works Has no long list of sins because his sins are UNDER “righteousness” Younger Brother Get things by taking them himself Avoids Jesus by denying him and define right and wrong themselves Has a long list of visible sins

38 Two Sons both wrong, both Loved Older Brother Ultimate Sin – wanting to control God – wanting to earn salvation = PRIDE Younger Brother Ultimate Sin – wanting to go it alone = PRIDE

39 Two Sons both wrong, both Loved Older Brother Ultimate Sin – wanting to control God – wanting to earn salvation = PRIDE Younger Brother Ultimate Sin – wanting to go it alone = PRIDE Shows true remorse and repents of sin, returning humbly to the father.

40 Two Sons both wrong, both Loved Older Brother Ultimate Sin – wanting to control God – wanting to earn salvation = PRIDE Shows remorse or regret piously – again to manipulate God. Younger Brother Ultimate Sin – wanting to go it alone = PRIDE Shows true remorse and repents of sin, returning humbly to the father.

41 Two Sons both wrong, both Loved Older Brother Ultimate Sin – wanting to control God – wanting to earn salvation = PRIDE Shows remorse or regret piously – again to manipulate God. Younger Brother Ultimate Sin – wanting to go it alone = PRIDE Shows true remorse and repents of sin, returning humbly to the father. Eventually realizes he is lost and returns to the father

42 Two Sons both wrong, both Loved Older Brother Ultimate Sin – wanting to control God – wanting to earn salvation = PRIDE Shows remorse or regret piously – again to manipulate God. Denies his lost-ness and may never enter into the father’s celebration Younger Brother Ultimate Sin – wanting to go it alone = PRIDE Shows true remorse and repents of sin, returning humbly to the father. Eventually realizes he is lost and returns to the father

43 A Deeper Understanding of Sin Dr. Timothy Keller “You can avoid Jesus as Savior by keeping all the moral laws. If you do that, then you have “rights.” God owes you answered prayers, and a good life, and a ticket to heaven when you die. You don’t need a savior who pardons you by free grace, for you are your own savior. The attitude is clearly that of the elder brother. Why is he so angry with the father? He feels he has the right to tell the father how the robes, rings and livestock of the family should be deployed. In the same way, religious people commonly live very moral lives, but their goal is to get leverage over God, to control Him, to put Him in a position where they think He owes them.“

44 A Deeper Understanding of Sin Dr. Timothy Keller “Therefore, despite all their ethical fastidiousness and piety, they are actually rebelling against his authority. If, like the elder brother, you believe that God ought to bless you and help you because you have worked so hard to obey him and be a good person, then Jesus may be your helper, your example, even your inspiration, but he is not your Savior. You are serving as your own Savior.” Prodigal God, p 38

45 Two Sons both wrong, both Loved Older Brother LOST!!! Younger Brother LOST!!!

46 Two Sons both wrong, both Loved Older Brother LOST!!! Younger Brother LOST!!! Needs Jesus!!!

47 Two Sons both wrong, both Loved Older Brother LOST!!! Really Needs Jesus!!! Younger Brother LOST!!! Needs Jesus!!!

48 Words from a Redeemed Older Brother… Philippians 3:7-11 But whatever was to my profit I now consider loss for the sake of Christ. What is more, I consider everything a loss compared to the surpassing greatness of knowing Christ Jesus my Lord, for whose sake I have lost all things. I consider them rubbish, that I may gain Christ and be found in him, not having a righteousness of my own that comes from the law, but that which is through faith in Christ—the righteousness that comes from God and is by faith. I want to know Christ and the power of his resurrection and the fellowship of sharing in his sufferings, becoming like him in his death, and so, somehow, to attain to the resurrection from the dead.

49 The Proper Older Son Response Luke 15: "When he came to his senses, he said, 'How many of my father's hired men have food to spare, and here I am starving to death! 18 I will set out and go back to my father and say to him: Father, I have sinned against heaven and against you. 19 I am no longer worthy to be called your son; make me like one of your hired men.' 20 So he got up and went to his father.

50 The Proper Older Son Response Luke 15:11-31 "But while he was still a long way off, his father saw him and was filled with compassion for him; he ran to his son, threw his arms around him and kissed him. 21 "The son said to him, 'Father, I have sinned against heaven and against you. I am no longer worthy to be called your son.' 'The Prodigal Son‘ - Charlie Mackesy

51 The Proper Older Son Response Luke 15: "But the father said to his servants, 'Quick! Bring the best robe and put it on him. Put a ring on his finger and sandals on his feet. 23 Bring the fattened calf and kill it. Let's have a feast and celebrate. 24 For this son of mine was dead and is alive again; he was lost and is found.' So they began to celebrate. 'The Prodigal Son‘ - Charlie Mackesy

52 Application: Two Testimonies Older Brother Bart Carey Repent of your Religion! Younger Brother Josh Hamilton Repent of your Sin! Both really need Jesus!


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