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Political Recruitment Membership of the Chinese Communist Party.

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Presentation on theme: "Political Recruitment Membership of the Chinese Communist Party."— Presentation transcript:

1 Political Recruitment Membership of the Chinese Communist Party

2 Political recruitment The process by which citizens are selected for involvement in politics Party system is the most important mechanism of political recruitment

3 2 levels of recruitments Recruitment of power elite –Party and government cadres Recruitment at the grassroots –CCP membership

4 Recruitment of cadres Rehabilitation of millions of cadres after Cultural Revolution The Party’s new agenda of economic construction Retirement of these cadres Recruitment of younger and better educated cadres

5 Reforms

6 The technocrats Higher education in engineering Disillusion with Maoist excesses Little commitment to ideology Pragmatic problem-solvers Not interested in Western values

7 Recruitment at grassroots Historical periodParty recruit Peasants, workers, & revolutionary youths Workers, peasants, & liberated youths 1966 – 1978Workers, students, & rebellious youths Professionals & educated youths

8 Political screening PeriodsClass origin Political attitude Political participation Clientelism √√ √√ √√ √√√

9 Class labels in Maoist years In countryside: –Landlords –Rich peasants –Middle peasants –Poor peasants –Farm hands

10 Role of education Historical periodRole of educational credentials in recruitment Irrelevant Becoming positive Becoming negative Becoming important

11 Party membership

12 At the end of 2012, the Chinese Communist Party has 85,127,000 card-carrying members

13

14 Party members 2005 and 2012 Total70,800,000 (100%) 85,127,000 (100%) 35 or younger15,900,000 (22%) 21,801,000 (26%) Women13,600,000 (19%) 20,269,000 (24%) 3-year college education or above 19,328,000 (27%) 34,081,000 (40%) Minority nationalities4,516,000 (6%) 5,802,000 (7%)

15 Composition of Members 2003

16 Composition of Members 2004

17 Composition of Members 2010

18 New recruits in 2005 and 2010 Total2,470,000 (100%) 3,075,000 (100%) 35 or younger1,980,000 (80%) 2,516,000 (82%) Women815,000 (33%) 1,184,000 (39%) Students734,000 (30%) 1,260,000 (41%)


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