3 Time is… Either relative or absolute Time is: a measured period during which an event, process, or condition exists or continues.
4 One Year =the time it takes the Earth to complete one orbit around the Sun.
5 Geologic Time Based on the same time units Generally much greater periods of time100,000 years1,000,000 years
6 Dating TechniquesOne ways in which geologists look at time: Relative Dating
7 Relative Dating is..…the measure of a sequence of events without knowing the exact date at which the events occurred.What happened first?What happened next?
8 Principles of Relative Dating Principle of SuperpositionPrinciple ofCross-CuttingPrinciple of InclusionsPrinciple of Unconformities
9 Principle of Superposition The youngest rocks are on the top.The oldest rocks are on the bottom.
10 Principle of Superposition Q#1Which rocks are older?Which rocks are younger?
11 Principle of Cross-Cutting Any feature that cuts across another rock or structure is younger than what it cuts across.You can't cut something until that something exists, therefore the cut has to be younger.Volcanic vents cutting acrosssedimentary rock layers -Which is youngest?
12 Principle of Cross-Cutting Q#2What is younger?The rocks or the fault line?
13 Principle of Inclusions Rock layers which contain other rocks are younger than the inclusion.Theinclusion(the otherrocks) is older!
14 Principle of Inclusions Q#3Which is older? The rock layer or the rocks included in the layer?
15 Principle of Unconformities Unconformities are surfaces that represent gaps in the geologic record.
16 Principle of Unconformities missing rock layer = missing time