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Processes in Danish spoken language – and differences between older and younger Copenhagen speech Marc Daniel Skibsted Volhardt.

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Presentation on theme: "Processes in Danish spoken language – and differences between older and younger Copenhagen speech Marc Daniel Skibsted Volhardt."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Processes in Danish spoken language – and differences between older and younger Copenhagen speech Marc Daniel Skibsted Volhardt

3 The informants Both informants are from the greater Copenhagen area. The younger voice belongs to a woman who speaks with a typical accent of younger people from the capital area. The older voice belongs to a man who speaks typical older version, closer to the traditional “High Copenhagen” sociolect. And myself: maximum distinctive pronunciation

4 Vowel length before consonantal vocoids A vocoid is a sound produced with no obstruction through the vocal tract. In Danish we find the following consonantal vocoids: – [ ɪ̯ ] from syllable final /-j/ or /- ɡ /: jeg ‘I’ – [ ʊ̯ ] from syllable final /-v/ or /- ɡ / or /-j/: lav ‘low’ – [ ɐ̯ ] from syllable final /-r/: fjor ‘last year’ – [ð ̞ ] from syllable final /-d/: sød ‘sweet’

5 Vowel length before consonantal vocoids – older speaker røvernes »the burglars’« – [ ˈʁ œ ː v ɐ nəs] ([v]!)

6 Vowel length before consonantal vocoids – younger speaker røvernes »the burglars’« – [ ˈʁ œw ɐ nəs]

7 Vowel quality before velarised [ð ̞ˠ ] In younger Copenhagen Danish the ‘soft d’ is outstandingly velarised, thus further narrowly transcribed as [ð ̞ˠ ]. This velarisation affects especially front high and mid high vowels. For example, [i] sounds rounded, [y], or rather centralised, [ ɨ ].

8 Vowel quality before velarised [ð ̞ˠ ] – my own max. dist. pronunciation side ‘side’ – [ ˈ si ː ðə]

9 Vowel quality before velarised [ð ̞ˠ ] – my own max. dist. pronunciation tidligere ‘earlier’ – [ ˈ t ˢ iðlij ˀ ə ʁ ə]

10 Vowel quality before velarised [ð ̞ˠ ] – older speaker tidligere ‘earlier’ – [ ˈ t ˢ ið ̞ li ːˀɐ ]

11 Vowel quality before velarised [ð ̞ˠ ] – younger speaker side ‘side’ – [ ˈ sVð ̞ˠ ð ̞ˠ̩ ]

12 Vowel quality before velarised [ð ̞ˠ ] – computer generated vowels

13 Vowel quality before velarised [ð ̞ˠ ] – the formants

14 Half vowel deletion The following examples show how the “half vowel” [j] is deleted between a vowel and a schwa, [ə], in younger but not in older Copenhagen Standard Danish

15 No half vowel deletion – older speaker lige (under) ‘right (under)’ – [ ˈ li ː jə]

16 Half vowel deletion present – younger speaker lige (over) ‘right (above)’ – [ ˈ li ː i]

17 Thanks for listening Thanks for listening (here are all the lengths and schwas we lost) ː ə ː ː ː ː ː ː ː ː ː ə ə ə ə ə ə ə ə ə ə ə ː ː ː


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