Processes in Danish spoken language – and differences between older and younger Copenhagen speech Marc Daniel Skibsted Volhardt
The informants Both informants are from the greater Copenhagen area. The younger voice belongs to a woman who speaks with a typical accent of younger people from the capital area. The older voice belongs to a man who speaks typical older version, closer to the traditional “High Copenhagen” sociolect. And myself: maximum distinctive pronunciation
Vowel length before consonantal vocoids A vocoid is a sound produced with no obstruction through the vocal tract. In Danish we find the following consonantal vocoids: – [ ɪ̯ ] from syllable final /-j/ or /- ɡ /: jeg ‘I’ – [ ʊ̯ ] from syllable final /-v/ or /- ɡ / or /-j/: lav ‘low’ – [ ɐ̯ ] from syllable final /-r/: fjor ‘last year’ – [ð ̞ ] from syllable final /-d/: sød ‘sweet’
Vowel quality before velarised [ð ̞ˠ ] In younger Copenhagen Danish the ‘soft d’ is outstandingly velarised, thus further narrowly transcribed as [ð ̞ˠ ]. This velarisation affects especially front high and mid high vowels. For example, [i] sounds rounded, [y], or rather centralised, [ ɨ ].
Vowel quality before velarised [ð ̞ˠ ] – my own max. dist. pronunciation side ‘side’ – [ ˈ si ː ðə]
Vowel quality before velarised [ð ̞ˠ ] – my own max. dist. pronunciation tidligere ‘earlier’ – [ ˈ t ˢ iðlij ˀ ə ʁ ə]
Vowel quality before velarised [ð ̞ˠ ] – older speaker tidligere ‘earlier’ – [ ˈ t ˢ ið ̞ li ːˀɐ ]