Presentation on theme: "In 1956, Benjamin Bloom led a team of educational psychologists to develop a way for teachers to look at higher-order thinking. A hierarchy of levels."— Presentation transcript:
In 1956, Benjamin Bloom led a team of educational psychologists to develop a way for teachers to look at higher-order thinking. A hierarchy of levels will assist teachers in creating assessments, making valid questions for conferencing with students, and giving feedback on students’ work. The six levels in Bloom’s taxonomy were originally knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. In the 1990s a group of cognitive psychologists led by Lorin Anderson, a former student of Benjamin Bloom, updated this list to better reflect 21 st century learning. Currently, the six levels of Bloom’s taxonomy are remembering, understanding, applying, analyzing, evaluating, and creating..
Kathy Schrock took a closer look at each level in Bloom’s taxonomy and found different iPad apps that could be used for each. She provides teachers with at least 6 options for each level to use in their classroom. She has also created lists of Android apps, Google apps, and Web 2.0 tools that reflect the levels of Bloom’s taxonomy. iPad apps Android apps Google apps Web 2.0 apps
The remembering level of Bloom’s taxonomy is where students show learned material by simply recalling facts, terms, basic concepts and answers. Apps that would fit into this stage improve students’ ability to define terms, identify facts, and recall/locate information. Key words associated with creating : who, what, why, when, omit, where, which, choose, find, how, define, label, show, spell, list, match, name, relate, tell, recall, select
Flashcards Deluxe Lite-Recalling-Create flashcards to help recall information. Google Search-Searching-Basic search engine to discover information List! Lite-Listing-Create a list of vocab words, tasks, or assignments.
The understanding level of Bloom’s taxonomy is where students can demonstrate their understanding of facts and ideas by organizing, comparing, translating, interpreting, giving descriptions and stating main ideas. Apps that would fit into this “understanding” area provide students with the opportunity to explain ideas or concepts Key words associated with understanding: compare, contrast, demonstrate, interpret, explain, extend, illustrate, infer, outline, relate, rephrase, translate, summarize, show, classify
Free mobile blogging with BlogBooster-Blogging-Use this popular new journaling method to write your understanding of the topic. Tumblr-Explaining-use this social media to share and explain information Intaglio Sketchpad Lite-Categorizing-Sketch pictures and interpret information
The applying stage of Bloom’s taxonomy is for solving problems by applying acquired knowledge, facts, techniques, and rules in different ways. Apps that fit into the applying stage provide opportunities for students to demonstrate their ability to implement learned procedures and methods. Keywords associated with applying: apply, build, choose, construct, develop, interview, make use of, organize, experiment with, plan, select, solve utilize, model, identify
Quick Voice Recorder-Interviewing-Students can use this app to record interviews Animation Creator HD Lite-Simulating-Students can draw pictures to model. Drawing Box Free-Illustrating-Allows students to illustrate pictures to accompany report presentations
Analyzing, in Bloom’s taxonomy, is where students examine and break information down into specific parts. They can identify motives or causes, make inferences, and find evidence to support generalizations. Analyzing apps improve the students’ ability to differentiate between pertinent and impertinent information, determine relationships, and recognize the organization of content. Keywords associated with analyzing: analyze, categorize, classify, compare, contrast, discover, dissect, divide, examine, inspect, simplify, survey, take part in, test for, distinguish, list distinction, theme, relationships, function, motive, inference, assumption, conclusion
Inspiration Maps Lite-Outlining-Build diagrams, maps and organizers iCardSort-Organizing-Create flashcards with concept, option or words and complete card sort or word sorts MindMash-Mashing-Share ideas with Facebook & Twitter friends to make group project brainstorming possible from home.
When students compile found information together in new and different ways they are approaching the evaluating stage of Bloom’s taxonomy. Students take information and combine elements in new patterns. They can also propose alternative solutions. When looking for apps that help at the evaluating level you want to find something that will help students judge material or methods. These judgements will be based on specific criteria set either by themselves or an external source. Keywords associated with evaluating: build, choose, combine, compile, compose, construct, create, design, develop, estimate, formulate, imagine, invent, make up, originate, plan, predict, propose, solve, solution, suppose, discuss, modify, change, original, improve, adapt, minimize, maximize, delete theorize, elaborate, test, improve, happen, change
Google+-Moderating-Allows students to stay connected and share information about projects. Skype-Conferencing-Gives the student to video conference, whether its in preparation of a project, or to do an actual interview. Edmodo-Posting-This app gives teachers and students a safe place to post assignments and collaborate.
The final level of Bloom’s taxonomy and the highest order of thinking is creating. Students will present and defend opinions by making judgments about information, validity of ideas or quality of work based on a set of criteria. Apps that encourage the creating level of Bloom’s taxonomy give students the opportunity to generate ideas, design plans, and produce products. Keywords associated with creating: award, choose, conclude, criticize, decide, defend, determine, dispute, evaluate, judge, justify, measure, compare, mark, rate, recommend, rule on, select, agree, interpret, explain, appraise, prioritize, opinion, support, importance, criteria, prove, disprove, assess, influence, perceive, value, estimate, influence, deduct
Animoto Video Maker-Storytelling- Gives students the opportunity to create movies with music, photos, and video clips. TwitCasting Live-Videocasting- Students can stream live video and share real time experiences with friends and followers Audioboo-Podcasting-Record your voice and share with the world
Kugelman, Francie. Bloom’s Taxonomy Cheat Sheet. Retrieved from http://www.bloomstaxonomy.org/Blooms%20Taxonomy%20questio ns.pdf http://www.bloomstaxonomy.org/Blooms%20Taxonomy%20questio ns.pdf Overbaugh, Richard C., Schultz, Lynn. Bloom’s Taxonomy. Retrieved from http://ww2.odu.edu/educ/roverbau/Bloom/blooms_taxonomy.htm http://ww2.odu.edu/educ/roverbau/Bloom/blooms_taxonomy.htm The University of North Carolina. (2014). Writing Objectives Using Bloom’s Taxonomy. R etrieved from http://teaching.uncc.edu/learning-resources/articles- books/best-practice/goals-objectives/writing-objectiveshttp://teaching.uncc.edu/learning-resources/articles- books/best-practice/goals-objectives/writing-objectives Schrock, Kathy. (2 February, 2014). Bloomin’ Apps- Kathy Schrock’s Guide to Everything. Retrieved from http://www.schrockguide.net/bloomin-apps.htmlhttp://www.schrockguide.net/bloomin-apps.html Sada, Alline. ( 2012). Apps for Bloom’s Taxonomy. Retrieved from http://www.appitic.com/index.php/bloom-s/apps-for-bloom-s-taxonomy http://www.appitic.com/index.php/bloom-s/apps-for-bloom-s-taxonomy