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Aggregating museum content: The use of LIDO in ATHENA and Linked Heritage Regine Stein EVA Moscow 29 November 2011 Deutsches Dokumentationszentrum für.

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Presentation on theme: "Aggregating museum content: The use of LIDO in ATHENA and Linked Heritage Regine Stein EVA Moscow 29 November 2011 Deutsches Dokumentationszentrum für."— Presentation transcript:

1 Aggregating museum content: The use of LIDO in ATHENA and Linked Heritage Regine Stein EVA Moscow 29 November 2011 Deutsches Dokumentationszentrum für Kunstgeschichte Bildarchiv Foto Marburg

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4 4 Europeana so far provides relatively simple search functionality.

5 Europeana will replace its currently used data model ESE Europeana Semantic Elements by EDM Europeana Data Model  Can represent richer semantics

6 Several projects of the Europeana group are already using specific aggregation models appropriate for the material they are aggregating. ATHENA, according to its best practice report on metadata models for museum objects, contributed to the development of LIDO – Lightweight Informations Describing Objects The LIDO model is subsequently used by a number of projects of the Europeana group: –ATHENA –MIMO – Musical Instruments Museums Online –Judaica Europeana – Jewish cultural contribution to Europe –Linked Heritage

7 The LIDO model - Background -

8 Zoological Museums Archaeological Museums Botanical Gardens Computer Collections Geological and Mineralogical Museums … Medical and Pharmaceutical Collections Museums of Cultural History Museums of Fire Fighting Theatre History Collections Art Museums … LIDO Background

9 Why a standard format for contributing content? It’s all about –creating a consistent information base –making your information understandable outside of your collection database / your home context! Need for convenient instruments to provide cultural heritage information –from different collections / object classes –from different data structures –from different software systems LIDO Background

10 Is the result of a collaborative effort of international stakeholders in the museum sector to create a common solution for contributing cultural heritage content to web applications. Provides an explicit format to deliver (museum’s) object information in a standardized way. LIDO Background Lightweight Information Describing Objects

11 2006 The harvesting format CDWA Lite is published 2007 Generalization into museumdat to be applicable for all kinds of objects 2008 CDWA Lite / museumdat Working Group: Aims at establishing one common, single schema 2009 ATHENA Project: SPECTRUM community joins CIDOC Working Group established 2010 Release during ICOM-CIDOC Conference LIDO v1.0 LIDO Background

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13 CIDOC-CRM / ISO in less than a nutshell… Developed within CIDOC, the Documentation Committee of the International Council of Museums (ICOM) Is a formal domain ontology for cultural heritage information:  Describes the things that the cultural heritage sector deals with and how these things relate to each other  Expressed as an “object-oriented” schema LIDO Background Reference: CIDOC-CRM / ISO 21127

14 CIDOC-CRM / ISO in less than a nutshell… Establishs a conceptual basis for integration and access to cultural heritage information: „semantic glue“ MODS EAD LIDO CRM LIDO Background Reference: CIDOC-CRM / ISO 21127

15 Role of CRM

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17 When Where What Who Events LIDO Background Reference: CIDOC-CRM / ISO 21127

18 The combined model CRM – FRBR OO : Is a coherent model of museum and library conceptualization On one side enriches the CIDOC CRM with notions of the stages of intellections creation and refines its model of identifiers and the associated discourse. On the other side, it makes available to FRBR the general model of historical events of the CRM. clarifies and makes explicit many notions more vaguely specified in FRBR FRBR/CIDOC CRM-Harmonisierung CRM:Lacks: a model of intellectual work FRBR:Lacks: any explicit notion of the processes behind Excursion Museum and library conceptualisation

19 The LIDO model - Schema Design -

20 XML Schema for Contributing Content to Cultural Heritage Repositories For delivering metadata, for use in a variety of online services, from an organization’s online collections database to portals of aggregated resources – as well as exposing, sharing and connecting data on the web. Intended to represent the full range of descriptive information about museum objects, e.g. art, cultural, technology and natural science. It supports multilingual environments. LIDO Schema Design What it is

21 LIDO is NOT A fully developed data exchange format. A format designed for proper cataloging – it is not intended to be used as a basis for a collection management system or to support loan and acquisition activities. LIDO Schema Design What it is NOT

22 Provide a specification and related XML schema that describes cultural materials appropiately Individual data providers can decide on how light – or how rich – they want their contributed metadata records to be Allow for delivering data and resources / digital surrogates relating to your objects Include links from contributed metadata back to records in their 'home' context Allow for identification of each referenced entity -> references to controlled vocabulary and authority files. LIDO Schema Design Construction Principles

23 Descriptive and administrative information groups in LIDO -Events – Event Set -Relations – Subject Set Related Works -Administrative Metadata – Rights Record Resource - Object Classifications – Object / Work Type Classification -Object Identifications – Title / Name Inscriptions Repository / Location State / Edition Object Description Measurements LIDO Schema Design Groups of Information

24 -Events – Event Set -Relations – Subject Set Related Works -Administrative Metadata – Rights Record (mandatory) Resource LIDO Record Identifier - Object Classifications – Object / Work Type (mandatory) Classification -Object Identifications – Title / Name (mandatory) Inscriptions Repository / Location State / Edition Object Description Measurements LIDO Schema Design Mandatory elements

25 No artist? No creation date? No finding place? Objects may relate to any actor, date, or place in two ways: The object was present at an event (such as creation, find, use, …) - having participants / carried out by some actors - at some time - in some place The object refers to such entity by - depicting it - „being about“ LIDO Structure Event <> Subject

26 -Events – Event Set -Relations – Subject Set Related Works -Administrative Metadata – Rights Record (mandatory) Resource - Object Classifications – Object / Work Type (mandatory) Classification -Object Identifications – Title / Name (mandatory) Inscriptions Repository / Location State / Edition Object Description Measurements LIDO Structure Event

27 LIDO Structure Event 27  Event Identifier  Event Type  Role in Event  Event Name  Event Actor  Culture  Event Date  Period  Event Place  Event Method  Materials / Technique  Thing Present  Event Related  Event Description

28 LIDO Structure Event 28  Event Identifier  Event Type  Role in Event  Event Name  Event Actor  Culture  Event Date  Period  Event Place  Event Method  Materials / Technique  Thing Present  Event Related  Event Description Event title: La primavera / Der Frühling event eventType Herstellung / Production eventActor actor nameActor Botticellli, Sandro roleActor Maler eventDate earliestDate 1482 latestDate 1482 eventMaterialsTech termMaterialsTech Tempera termMaterialsTech Pappelholz event eventType Herkunft / Provenance eventPlace place namePlace Florenz, Palazzo Medici Riccardi, Via Cavour partOfPlace namePlace Florenz partOfPlace namePlace Firenze, Provincia partOfPlace namePlace Italien eventDate earliestDate 1498 latestDate 1498 event eventType Restaurierung / Restoration eventDate earliestDate 1982 latestDate 1982

29 objectWorkType: Kragenflasche event eventType Production culture Trichterbecherkultur eventDate earliestDate latestDate periodName Neolithikum eventMaterialsTech materialsTech termMaterialsTech Ton LIDO Structure Event

30 objectWorkType: Kragenflasche event eventType Find eventPlace place namePlace HH-Ohlsdorf partOfPlace namePlace Hamburg LIDO Structure Event

31 -Events – Event Set -Relations – Subject Set Related Works -Administrative Metadata – Rights Record (mandatory) Resource - Object Classifications – Object / Work Type (mandatory) Classification -Object Identifications – Title / Name (mandatory) Inscriptions Repository / Location State / Edition Object Description Measurements LIDO Structure Subject / Content

32 32  Extent Subject  Subject Concept  Subject Actor  Subject Date  Subject Place  Subject Event  Subject Object LIDO Structure Subject / Content

33 33 Holzschnitt/Woodcut: Bildnis des Johann Aventinus creator: Hans Sebald Lautensack -> Event depicted Person: Johann Aventius -> Subject Actor LIDO Structure Subject / Content

34 34  Extent Subject  Subject Concept  Subject Actor  Subject Date  Subject Place  Subject Event  Subject Object objectWorkType: Druck subject subjectActor displayActor Johannes Aventinus actor actorID type URL source GND nameActor pref preferred Aventinus, Johannes nameActor pref alternate Thurmair, Johannes nameActor pref alternate … vitalDatesActor LIDO Structure Subject / Content

35 35 Subject  Extent Subject  Subject Concept  Subject Actor  Subject Date  Subject Place  Subject Event  Subject Object objectWorkType: Druck subject subjectActor displayActor Johannes Aventinus actor actorID type URL source GND nameActor pref preferred Aventinus, Johannes nameActor pref alternate Thurmair, Johannes nameActor pref alternate … vitalDatesActor LIDO Structure Subject / Content

36 -Events – Event Set -Relations – Subject Set Related Works -Administrative Metadata – Rights Record (mandatory) Resource - Object Classifications – Object / Work Type (mandatory) Classification -Object Identifications – Title / Name (mandatory) Inscriptions Repository / Location State / Edition Object Description Measurements LIDO Structure Administrative Metadata

37 LIDO Structure Administrative Metadata Record types: single object collection series group volume … Record Information

38 LIDO Structure Administrative Metadata Resource Information

39 LIDO as aggregation model in Linked Heritage

40 LIDO as aggregation model in Linked Heritage

41 LIDO as aggregation model in Linked Heritage

42 Linked Heritage includes content providers not only from the museum sector, but also from the library, archive, and publisher sector. Experiences from the ATHENA project proved that LIDO copes as well with library data for the purpose of aggregation. Mappings are already carried out successfully for several variants of the MARC format. Deeper analysis for archive’s and publisher’s material is currently underway. LIDO as aggregation model in Linked Heritage

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45 Regine Stein Philipps-Universität Marburg Deutsches Dokumentationszentrum für Kunstgeschichte – Bildarchiv Foto Marburg


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