9 NEW URBANISMThe neighborhood is walkable, and uses are mixed. Each street is three-dimensionally zoned as a transect with “build to” lines.
10 NEW URBANISM LITEZero lot lines for commercial uses. Parking in rear, where possible. No snoots.
11 NEW URBANISM LITESo why not do it? Because it’s illegal under standard zoning.
12 NEW URBANISMStandard zoning requires separation of uses. Town road standards require wide streets, discouraging bikes and pedestrians. The general public hates sprawl, but fears density – also financing problems.
13 NEW URBANISM LITEConnecticut: 169 towns: Lab mice for new urbanist concepts.
14 NEW URBANISM LITEArchitectural review regulations in zoning codes: Noank and Stonington
15 Adopted to fend off teardowns and McMansions NEW URBANISM LITEAdopted to fend off teardowns and McMansions
16 NEW URBANISMLimited to historic villages as overlay zones.
17 NEW URBANISMDisapproval of architectural plans by commission: A basis for denial of zoning permit.
18 NEW URBANISMBased on comparison of plan with surrounding properties for scale, front proportions, openings, building materials, textures, roof shapes, etc.
19 NEW URBANISMLimitations: Is it authorized under the standard zoning enabling act? Buildings must still conform to zoning dimensional requirements.
20 NEW URBANISMVillage districts: Special districts authorized by statute for historic New England villages.
21 NEW URBANISMMust reflect distinctive character of area, as defined in Plan of Conservation and Development.
22 NEW URBANISMAll exteriors assessed by special village commission staffed by architect or certified planner. Review criteria includes reinforcing existing buildings and streets, distinctive open spaces, vista protection, scale, proportion, massing, etc.
23 NEW URBANISMLimitation is expense, particularly for small towns.
24 NEW URBANISMSpecial development districts allow zoning overrides for qualified design. Encourage mix of uses. Allow greater density. Limited to certain areas of town.
25 NEW URBANISMBased on master plan, site study, traffic report, and overall plan of development. Prescribes uses and development.
26 NEW URBANISMLimitation: It is expensive for the developer.
27 NEW URBANISMCode-based zoning: Hamden, Connecticut
28 NEW URBANISMFocused on two major thoroughfares and supported by comprehensive study of streetscapes.
29 NEW URBANISMIncludes transects and “build to” requirements
30 NEW URBANISMMandates shared parking. Closely defines road design. Building massing and height mandated.
31 Limitations: Is it legally allowed? NEW URBANISMLimitations: Is it legally allowed?
32 NEW URBANISMWith seniors wanting to leave their ranch houses, the millenials wanting density, and the need to limit sprawl in GHGs, look for these concepts to be the basis of the next generation of development.