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Probation Operations Department of Corrections GEORGIA Probation Updates Presented at: Accountability Courts Conference By: Stan Cooper Director, Probation.

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Presentation on theme: "Probation Operations Department of Corrections GEORGIA Probation Updates Presented at: Accountability Courts Conference By: Stan Cooper Director, Probation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Probation Operations Department of Corrections GEORGIA Probation Updates Presented at: Accountability Courts Conference By: Stan Cooper Director, Probation Operations May 22,

2 Probation Operations Mission: PUBLIC SAFETY SERVE THE COURTS 2

3 Probation Operations Who We Are 1,445 staff –1100+ Sworn staff (812 POs) –300+ Administrative staff and counselors 158,445 Offenders (as of ) –Active Supervision: 107,611 Standard risk offenders: 84,870 (78.9%) High risk offenders: 10,283 (9.6 %) Special Level(SPS,IPS,DRC)12,458 (11.6 %) 49 Probation Circuits (aligned with judicial circuits) –100+ local Probation Offices –15 Day Reporting Centers (DRC’s) –4 Community Impact Programs (CIP’s) –4 Administrative Areas of Operation (regions) statewide –208 Superior Court Judges $97,180,947 Budget (FY’12) 3

4 4 10-year Growth ( ) 29%! 4

5 Probation Population by Crime Type 5

6 6 Focus Prior to New Supervision Model Standard High Special

7 New Probation Supervision Model Began September 1, 2011 PURPOSE: Assess offender’s need and risk Supervise high risk offenders / manage low risk offenders Balance surveillance and treatment Promote community supervision Respond swiftly, certainly and proportionately to violations EXPECTATIONS: Effectively identify and mitigate probationer risk and needs Efficiently apply available resources Greater officer presence in the “field” Reduced Recidivism = ENHANCED PUBLIC SAFETY! 7

8 Active Probation Caseload Sizes (Excludes Unsupervised) APPA Recommends GDC Target Caseload Actual Caseload Special (Intensive, Sex Offender, DRC) 20:140:158:1 High50:160:158:1 Standard200:1 287:1 8

9 Supervision Levels/Statuses (April 2013) Special 12,458 High 10,283 Standard 84,870 Administrative/Unsupervised Active Supervision Levels 107,611 offenders Status 60, High & Std levels are assigned by completion of an automated risk assessment 812 Total POs Field Supervision Court

10 10 PROBATION SUPERVISION REQUIREMENTS Supervision LevelsSupervision Types Minimum Monthly Interactions Special Mental Health (Chronic Care needed; acting out) 2 Field 1 Field or Office 1 Collateral Total 4 IPS (Remove) DRC Phase 1 DRC Phase 2 SPS Tier 2 SPS Tier 1 1 Field 1 Field or Office 1 Collateral Total 3 Reentry RSAT Aftercare Phase 1 DRC Aftercare Phase 1 MH Reentry (from ITF/Level 3 Releases) High RSAT Aftercare Phase 2 1 Field 1 Field or Office 1 Collateral Total 3 DRC Aftercare Phase 2 Regular Mental Health (As Assessed) Standard Regular 1 Interaction/ Compliance Confirmation Total 1 Mental Health (As Assessed) RSAT Aftercare Phase 2 DRC Aftercare Phase 2 PRCC

11 Intensive Probation (IPS) Evolution: IPS began 3 phases Length: 9 to 12 months Phase 1 = 5 contacts/week, curfew Phase 2 = 3 contacts/week, curfew Phase 3 = 1 contact/week, curfew opt. Home Confinement component available ( ) contacts per month 11

12 Intensive Probation (IPS) Evolution: Tier 1: –Standard & medium levels –Length: 3 to 6 months –Contact requirements (8/qtr) Tier 2: –High & maximum levels –Length: 6 to 9 months –Contact requirements (18/qtr) Two Tiered System (Tiers determined by risk assessment) 2011 – Present 4 interactions/mo. (12/qtr.) Length: Up to 9 months 12

13 4,075 IPS cases –3.7% of active cases (107K) –2.5% of all cases (158K) 76 Intensive Probation Officers –10.6% of supervising officers devoted to 3.7% of the cases IPS cases supervised at Special level –Not based on risk assessment New Supervision Model (September 1, 2011) –IPS (Special Level): 4 required minimum interactions per month –High Level: 3 required minimum interactions per month Intensive Probation Program 13

14 IPS Breakdown and Supervision Cost ($3.87/day): 1,306 (32%) IPS cases (high level risk) –$5,000 per day/$1.84 million per year 2,769 (68%) IPS cases (standard level risk) –$10,700 per day/$3.9 million per year –Over supervised based on their known risks Supervision components available to Courts: –Curfew –Drug Screen –Community Service –Close field Supervision Intensive Probation Program (cont.) 14

15 15 Mental Health Probation Supervision

16 Note: GDC Mental Health/Health Services provides monthly information from Circuit reported data 16

17 Mental Health Probation Supervision 17

18 18 Target Population Caseload Composition Based on MH criteria established by GDC MH Caseload Capacity = 40 Identified Regular Supervision Offenders Aftercare – 6 months Integrated Treatment Facility releases DRC Mental Health MH Level III+ prison releases MH Specialty Court probationers

19 Recent Initiatives Supervision New Supervision Model –Supervise high risk/Manage standard level Automated Risk Assessment Pre-Sentence Assessment Probation Options Management (POM) Technology Mini Notebooks/Laptops in Courtrooms Rapid ID Fingerprint Machine Field Communications (Radio) Enhancements E-Portal (16,000 sentences submitted since July 2012) 19

20 Residential Substance Abuse Treatment Centers (RSAT) 4 Probation RSATs (1000 beds total) –6 months in length (Return to 9 months currently under review) Male - Bainbridge, Northwest, Turner Female - Arrendale 2 Integrated Treatment Facilities (400 beds total) –Focus on Mental Health/Substance Abuse (Dual Diagnosis) –9 months in length Male – Appling Female - West Central –Aftercare component – Mental Health Probation Caseloads 20

21 Day Reporting Centers (DRC) Day Reporting Centers (15 circuits) –1500 participants statewide –Emphasis on Cognitive Thinking Skills Substance Abuse Mental Health Employment –Recent Openings Savannah Lookout Mountain 21

22 Probation Operations Department of Corrections GEORGIA DRC Lite Pilot Program Presented at: Accountability Courts Conference By: Betsy Thomas DRC Lite Coordinator, Probation Operations May 22,

23 DRC Lite Pilot Program 2012 Legislative Session CY

24 DRC Lite Pilot Program PROBLEM Lack of Resources and Treatment Options in the Communities throughout rural Georgia 24

25 DRC Lite Pilot Program Concept:  Provide enhanced supervision and programming for identified substance abusing offenders in rural circuits using the $750,000 allocated in FY 13 for pilot programs  Program must be  Mobile  Scalable  Repeatable  Evidence Based Keyword – Outcomes  Monitor and track outcomes by successful completions of program 25

26 DRC Lite Pilot Program Key Components:  Early ID by Assessment  Enhanced Supervision  Circuit Cap of probationers  Frequent Random Drug Screens  Substance Abuse and Cognitive Programming  Swift, Certain, Proportionate Sanctioning  Judicial Support –Willing to hold monthly status hearings on offenders in programs –Willing to assist GDC by diverting appropriate cases from hard beds to community supervision 26

27 DRC-Lite Pilot Program 1-2 Months3-6 Months6-12 Months Significant Actions: Phase I  2 hours of programming 4 days per week  Orientation and Initial Case Management  Drug Screens: 2 x week Phase II  Programming 2 days per week  Individual Case Management  Drug Screens: 4x month random or for cause Phase III  SA Aftercare Classes 1day per week, then step down  AA/NA and DOL referrals as needed  Drug Screens: Random or for cause Conducted by Spectrum Counselor Matrix Substance Abuse Classes/MRT Substance Abuse After Care Services Program Outside Referrals to AA/NA and DOL M4C and Reentry Skill building Conducted by Spectrum Counselor Conducted by Spectrum 27

28 DRC Lite Pilot Program Supervision Components Phase 1 and 24 minimum interactions each month Phase 33 minimum interactions each month All PhasesDrug Testing 28

29 DRC Lite Pilot Program Viva Jr. Drug Testing System by Siemens  Accurate-Used now in Drug Courts and Accountability Courts  Provide flexibility options for testing  Up to 60 panels tested per hour  Could be used for confirmation testing for other circuits 29

30 DRC Lite Pilot Program Tracking Wash Outs Drug usage Employment Address Changes New Arrests Participants as of May 1, 2013 =

31 DRC Lite Pilot Program Positive Incentives Sanctions 31

32 DRC Lite Pilot Program Feedback Judicial – –Proud of the changes they have seen in repeat offenders –Impressed at first status hearing – attitude, appearance, respect –Best thing since sliced bread Participant – –Want others to have this opportunity –Want to impress the Judge and each other –Appreciative Officer/Counselor - –Amazed at Court Personnel, Public Defenders, Sheriff Office Comments –See a difference in posture, appearance, attitude and pride in themselves –See the big picture – it really does work 32

33 DRC Lite Pilot Program DRC Lite program Sites –Alapaha - –Appalachian –Atlantic – expanded April 5, 2013 –Cordele –Middle – expanded April 5, 2013 –Mountain – GRADUATION May 23, 2013 –Northern –Pataula – expanded April 5, 2013 –Southwestern – GRADUATION May 2013 –Toombs – GRADUATION June 11, 2013 –Approximately 154 offenders are currently enrolled in this program in those 10 circuits 33

34 DRC Lite Pilot Program Early Results Warrants issued for technical violations = 61 Warrants issued for new charges = 15 Drugs Screens obtained = 1105 Positive Drug Screens = 287 Positive rate during Phase 1 = 26% 34

35 DRC Lite Pilot Program Challenges Transportation Space Lack of community resources – AA/NA 35

36 Probation Operations Questions 36

37 Probation Detention Center 180 Day Cap Effect on Jail Backlog By statute the counties receive no jail subsidy for these cases. HB 1176 Effective Date

38 Alternative Wait Times As of April 1, 2012 Male PDC – 1 to 2 weeks Female PDC - 5 to 6 months Male RSAT - 2 to 3 months Female RSAT - 6 months ITF (Male & Female) 1 to 2 weeks Boot Camp - 2 months 38

39 State Sentenced Inmates Source: Georgia Department of Community Affairs – March

40 Local Jails Bed Space Utilization Only 19 of 146 jails are above capacity Source: Georgia Department of Community Affairs – March

41 Pre-Sentence Assessment Concept Objectively identify cases “on the fence” for entry to prison Assess their risk and needs based on: –Offender specific information –Historical probation/institutional data Inform the Courts, DAs & PDs of available and appropriate options: –Community Alternatives (non-custodial) –GDC Alternatives (custodial) 41

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